Bibliography of World Maritime History

This bibliography of world maritime history is based on that in The Sea and Civilization: A Maritime History of the World (2013), but will be updated from time to time. Recommendations and corrections welcome: Lincoln.Paine@gmail.com

Introduction

Ascherson, Neal. Black Sea. New York: Hill & Wang, 1995.

Ballard, G. A. Rulers of the Indian Ocean. London: Duckworth, 1927.

Braudel, Fernand. The Mediterranean in the Age of Philip II. 1949. Trans. Siân Reynolds. 2 vols. New York: Harper & Row, 1973.

Butel, Paul. The Atlantic. Translated by Iain Hamilton Grant. London: Routledge, 1999.

Calder, Nigel. The English Channel. New York: Viking Press, 1986.

Chaudhuri, K.N. Trade and Civilization in the Indian Ocean: An Economic History from the Rise of Islam to 1750. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Cotter, Charles H. The Atlantic Ocean. Glasgow: Brown & Ferguson, 1974.

Hadi Hasan, A. A History of Persian Navigation. London: Methuen, 1928.

Hall, Richard. Empires of the Monsoon: A History of the Indian Ocean and Its Invaders. London: HarperCollins, 1996.

Harding, Richard. “Organizational Life Cycles, the SNR and Maritime History.” Mariner’s Mirror 97:2 (2011): 5–20.

Hattendorf, John B. Maritime History, vol. 2, The Eighteenth Century and the Classic Age of Sail.

Horden, Peregrine, and Nicholas Purcell, The Corrupting Sea: A Study of Mediterranean History. London: Blackwell, 2000.

Hourani, Arab Seafaring in the Indian Ocean in Ancient and Early Medieval Times. 1951.

Jay, Peter. The Greek Anthology and Other Ancient Epigrams. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1981.

Jordan, Paul. North Sea Saga. New York: Pearson-Longman, 2004.

Kearney, Milo. The Indian Ocean in World History. London: Routledge, 2003.

King, Charles. The Black Sea: A History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Kirby, David, and Merja-Liisa Hinkkanen. The Baltic and North Seas. London: Routledge, 2000.

Klinge, Matti. The Baltic World. Trans. Timothy Binham. Helsinki: Otava, 1995.

Koran

Manning, Patrick. Navigating World History (Historians Create a Global Past). New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.

Matvejevic, Predrag. Mediterranean: A Cultural Landscape. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.

McDougall, Walter A. Let the Sea Make a Noise: A History of the North Pacific from Magellan to MacArthur. New York: Basic Books, 1993.

McPherson, Kenneth. The Indian Ocean: A History of People and the Sea. Delhi: Oxford Univ. Press, 1993.

Mookerji, Radhakumud. Indian Shipping: A History of the Sea-Borne Trade and Maritime Activity of the Indian from the Earliest Times. London: Longmans, Green, 1912.

Needham, Joseph, with Wang Ling and Lu Gwei-djen. Science and Civilization in China. Vol. 4, Physics and Physical Technology, Pt. 3, Civil Engineering and Nautics. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1971.

Palmer, Alan. The Baltic: A New History of the Region and Its People. New York: Overlook, 2005.

Panikkar, K. M. India and the Indian Ocean: An Essay on the Influence of Sea Power on Indian History. 1945.

Pearson, Michael N. The Indian Ocean. London: Routledge, 2003.

Pryor, John H. Geography, Technology and War: Studies in the Maritime History of the Mediterranean, 649–1571. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1988.

Ray, Himanshu Prabha. Archaeology of Seafaring: The Indian Ocean in the Ancient Period. Delhi: Pragati Publications, 1999.

Roberts, J. M. History of the World. New York: Knopf, 1976.

Rodger, N. A. M. “Considerations on Writing a General Naval History.” In Doing Naval History: Essays Toward Improvement, ed. by John B. Hattendorf, 117–28. Newport: Naval War College Press, 1995.

Toussaint, Auguste. History of the Indian Ocean. London: Routledge, 1966.

Villiers, Alan. The Monsoon Seas: The Story of the Indian Ocean. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1952.

Chapter 1: Taking to the Water—Oceania and Pre-Columbian Americas

Adney, Tappan, and Howard Chapelle. The Bark Canoes and Skin Boats of North America. Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1964.

Allaire, Louis. “Archaeology of the Caribbean Region,” in The Cambridge History of the Native Peoples of America, vol.3, South America, pt. 1, edited by Frank Salomon and Stuart B. Schwartz, 668–733. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Ames, Kenneth M. “Going by Boat: The Forager-Collector Continuum at Sea.” In Beyond Foraging and Collecting: Evolution and Change in Hunter-Gatherer Settlement Systems, edited by Ben Fitzhugh and Junko Habu, 19–52. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum, 2002.

Anawalt, Patricia Reiff. “Ancient Cultural Contacts between Ecuador, West Mexico and the American Southwest: Clothing Similarities.” Latin American Antiquity 3:2 (June 1992): 114–29.

Arnold, Jeanne E., and Julienne Bernard. “Negotiating the Coasts: Status and the Evolution of Boat Technology in California.” World Archaeology 37:1 (March 2005): 109–31.

Bougainville, Louis-Antoine de. The Pacific Journal of Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, 1767–1768, edited by John Dunmore. London: Hakluyt Society, 2002.

Buck, Peter (Te Rangi Hiroa). The Coming of the Maori. Wellington, N.Z.: Whitcombe & Tombs, 1950.

Callaghan, Richard T. “Prehistoric Trade between Ecuador and West Mexico: A Computer Simulation of Coastal Voyages.” Antiquity 77:298 (2003): 796–804.

Carvajal, Gaspar de. The Discovery of the Amazon according to the Account of Friar Gaspar de Carvajal and Other Documents. Introduction by José Toribio Medina; translated by Bertram T. Lee; edited by H. C. Heaton. New York: American Geographical Society, 1934.

Chapelle, Howard, “Arctic Skin Boats.” In The Bark Canoes and Skin Boats of North America, by Tappan Adney and Howard Chapelle, 174–211. Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1964.

Chapman, Anne C. “Port of Trade Enclaves in Aztec and Maya Civilization” In Trade and Market in the Early Empires: Economies in History and Theory, ed. by Karl Polanyi et al., 114–53. Glencoe: Free Press, 1957.

Coe, Michael D. “Archaeological Linkages with North and South America at La Victoria, Guatemala.” American Anthropologist n.s. 62 (1960): 363–93.

Colon, Fernando. The Life of the Admiral Christopher Columbus by his Son Ferdinand.Translated by Benjamin Keen. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1959.

Cook, James. The Journals of Captain James Cook on His Voyages of Discovery. Edited by J. C. Beaglehole. 4 vols. Cambridge: Hakluyt Society, 1955–74.

Davenport, Demorest, John R. Johnson, and Jan Timbrook. “The Chumash and the Swordfish.” Antiquity 67 (1993): 257–72.

Defoe, Daniel. Robinson Crusoe. 1719.

DeVoto, Bernard, ed. The Journals of Lewis and Clark. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1997.

Edwards, Clinton R. Aboriginal Watercraft on the Pacific Coast of South America. Ibero-Americana: 47. Berkeley, University of California Press, 1965.

Ellmers, Detlev. “The Beginning of Boatbuilding in Central Europe.” In The Earliest Ships: The Evolution of Boats into Ships, ed. by Robert Gardiner, 11–23. London: Conway Maritime, 1996.

Epstein, Jeremiah F. “Sails in Aboriginal Mesoamerica: Reevaluating Thompson’s Argument.” American Anthropologist 92:1 (1990): 187–92.

Ferreiro, Larrie D. Ships and Science: The Birth of Naval Architecture in the Scientific Revolution, 1600–1800. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2007.

Fisher, Robin. “The Northwest from the Beginning of Trade with the Europeans to the 1880s.” In The Cambridge History of the Native Peoples of the Americas. Vol. 1, North America, ed. by Bruce G. Trigger and Wilcomb E. Washburn, 117–82. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1996.

Fladmark, Knut. “Routes: Alternate Migration Corridors for Early Man in North America.”American Antiquity 44:1 (1979): 55–69.

Genz, Joseph H. “Oceania: Polynesian and Micronesian Navigation.” In The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History, edited by John Hattendorf, 3:144–54. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Haddon, Alfred C., and James Hornell. Canoes of Oceania. 2 vols. 1936–38. Reprint, Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press, 1975.

Hornell, James. Water Transport Origins and Early Revolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1946.

Horridge, Adrian. “The Story of Pacific Canoes and Their Rigs.” In From Buckfast to Borneo: Essays Presented to Father Robert Nicholl on the 85th Anniversary of his Birth, 27 March 1995, edited by Victor T. King and A.V.M. Horton, 541–58. Hull: Center for South-East Asian Studies, University of Hull, 1995.

Hudson, Travis, Janice Timbrook, and Melissa Rempe. Tomol: Chumash Watercraft as Described in the Ethnographic Notes of John P. Harrington. Socorro, N.M.: Ballena Press, 1978.

Irwin, Geoffrey. The Prehistoric Exploration and Colonization of the Pacific. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Kirch, Patrick Vinton. On the Road of the Winds: An Archaeological History of the Pacific Islands before European Contact. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000.

Lewis, David. We, the Navigators: The Ancient Art of Landfinding in the Pacific. 2nd ed. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1994.

Mann, Charles C. 1491: New Revelations of the Americas before Columbus. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2005.

McGrail, Sean. Boats of the World from the Stone Age to Medieval Times. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

McPhee, John A. The Survival of the Bark Canoe. New York: Farrar, Straus, Giroux, 1975.

Moseley, Michael E. “The Maritime Foundations of Andean Civilization: An Evolving Hypothesis.” http://www.hallofmaat.com/modules.php?name=Articles&file=article&sid=85

Moseley, Michael Edward. The Incas and Their Ancestors: The Archaeology of Peru. London: Thames and Hudson, 1992.

Paulsen, Allison C. “The Thorny Oyster and the Voice of God: Spondylus and Strombus in Andean Prehistory.” American Antiquity 39:4 (1974): 597–607.

Quinn, David B., and Alison M. Quinn. The English New England Voyages, 1602–1608. London: Hakluyt Society, 1983.

Shimada, Izumi. “Evolution of Andean Diversity: Regional Formations (500 b.c.e.-c.e. 600). In The Cambridge History of the Native People of the Americas, vol. 3, South America, pt. 1, edited by Frank Salomon and Stuart B. Schwartz, 350–517. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Smith, Anita. “The Need for Lapita: Explaining Change in the Late Holocene Pacific Archaeological Record.” World Archaeology 26:3 (1993): 366–79.

Snow, Dean R. “The First Americans and the Differentiation of Hunter-Gatherer Culture.” InThe Cambridge History of the Native Peoples of the New World, edited by B.G. Trigger and W. Washburn, chap. 4. Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Stanish, Charles. “The Origin of State Societies in South America.” Annual Review of Anthropology 30 (2001): 41–64.

Walker, Ranginui. Ka Whawhai Tonu Matou: Struggle Without End. Revised Auckland: Penguin Books, 2004.

Wheeler, Ryan J., et al. “Archaic Period Canoes from Newnans Lake, Florida.” American Antiquity 68:3 (2003): 533–51.

Zeidler, James A. “Maritime Exchange in the Early Formative Period of Coastal Ecuador: Geopolitical Origins, Uneven Development.” Research in Economic Anthropology 13 (1991): 247–68.

Chapter 2: The Rivers and Seas of Ancient Egypt

Breasted, James Henry. Ancient Records of Egypt: Historical Documents from the Earliest Times to the Persian Conquest. New York, Russell & Russell, 1962.

Carter, Robert. “Boat-Related Finds.” In Maritime Interactions in the Arabian Neolithic: Evidence from H3, As-Sabiyah, an Ubaid-related Site in Kuwait, ed. by Robert Carter and Harriet Crawford, 89–104. Leiden: Brill, 2010.

Casson, Lionel. The Ancient Mariners: Seafarers and Sea Fighters of the Mediterranean in Ancient Times. 2nd ed. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991.

Casson, Lionel. Everyday Life in Ancient Egypt. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 2001.

El-Sayed, Sayed Z. “Queen Hatshepsut’s Expedition to the Land of Punt: The First Oceanographic Cruise?” Quarterdeck 3:1 (Spring 1995). Available online.

Habachi, Labib. “Two Graffiti at Sehel from the Reign of Queen Hatshepsut.” Journal of Near Eastern Studies 16 (1957): 880–104.

Herodotus. The Histories. Trans. Aubrey de Sélincourt. New York: Penguin, 1996.

Horace. Ode 1.14.

Hornell, James. Water Transport: Origins and Early Evolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1946.

Hornung, Erik. History of Ancient Egypt: An Introduction. Trans. David Lorton. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press, 1999.

Hydrographer of the Navy. Ocean Passages for the World. 2nd ed. London: Hydrographic Department, Admiralty, 1950.

Ibn Battuta. The Travels of Ibn Battuta, a.d. 1325–1354. 5 vols. Trans. H.A.R. Gibb. London: Hakluyt, 1958–2000.

Jenkins, Nancy. The Boat beneath the Pyramid: King Cheops’ Royal Ship. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1980.

Johnstone, Paul. The Sea-craft of Prehistory. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1980.

Kuhrt, Amélie. The Ancient Near East. 2 vols. New York: Routledge, 1997.

Landström, Björn. Ships of the Pharaohs: 4,000 Years of Egyptian Shipbuilding. New York: Doubleday & Co., 1970.

Lipke, Paul. The Royal Ship of Cheops: A Retrospective Account of the Discovery, Restoration and Reconstruction. Based on Interviews with Hag Ahmed Youssef Moustafa. Oxford: B.A.R., 1984.

Meiggs, Russell. Trees and Timber in the Ancient Mediterranean World. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982.

Montet, Pierre. Everyday Life in Egypt in the Days of Ramesses the Great. Trans. A.R. Maxwell-Hyslop and Margaret S. Drower. 1958. Reprint, Westport: Greenwood, 1974.

O’Connor, David. “Boat Graves and Pyramid Origins: New Discoveries at Abydos.”Expedition 33 (1991) 3:5–17.

Pierce, Richard. “After 5,000 year voyage, world’s oldest built boats deliver: Archeologists’ first look confirms existence of earliest royal boats at Abydos.” Available online.

Plato. The Collected Dialogues of Plato. Ed. by Edith Hamilton and Huntington Cairns, 1225–1513. New York: Pantheon, 1961.

Pliny the Elder. Natural History. Trans. H. Rackham. 10 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1938–1963.

Pritchard, James B. The Ancient Near East. Vol. I, An Anthology of Text and Pictures.Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1958.

Redford, Donald B. Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992.

Brant, Sebastian. Das Narranschiff (Ship of fools), 1494.

Severin, Timothy. The Sinbad Voyage. London: Hutchinson, 1982.

Simpson, William Kelly, ed. The Literature of Ancient Egypt: An Anthology of Stories, Instructions and Poetry. Trans. R.O. Faulkner, E.F. Wente, Jr., and W. K. Simpson. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1972.

Sophocles. Oedipus the King.

Theophrastus. Enquiry into Plants. Trans. Sir Arthur Hort. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1961.

Wachsmann, Shelley. Seagoing Ships & Seamanship in the Bronze Age Levant. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1998.

Warburton, David. Egypt and the Near East: Politics in the Bronze Age. Neuchatel-Paris: Recherches et Publications, 2001.

Ward, Cheryl A. “World’s Oldest Planked Boats: Abydos Hull Construction.” In Ship Archaeology of the Ancient and Medieval World, edited C. Beltrame, 19–23. Oxford: 2003.

Ward, Cheryl A. Sacred and Secular: Ancient Egyptian Ships and Boats. Boston: Archaeological Institute of America and Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing, 2000.

Wehausen, J.V., A. Mansour, and F. Stross. “The Colossi of Memnon and Egyptian Barges.”International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 17 (1988): 295–310.

Whitman, Walt. Leaves of Grass.

Wilkinson, Toby A.H. Early Dynastic Egypt. London: Routledge, 1999.

Chapter 3: Bronze Age Seafaring—Persian Gulf and Eastern Mediterranean

Agius, Dionisius A. Classic Ships of Islam: From Mesopotamia to the Indian Ocean. Leiden: Brill, 2008.

Bass, George F. “Bronze Age Shipwreck at Ulu Burun (Kaş): 1984 Campaign.” American Journal of Archaeology 90 (1986): 269–96.

Bass, George F. Cape Gelidonya: a Bronze Age Shipwreck. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1967.

Bass, George F. “Return to Cape Gelidonya.” INA Newsletter 15 (1988): 2–5.

Breasted, James Henry. Ancient Records of Egypt: Historical Documents from the Earliest Times to the Persian Conquest. New York: Russell & Russell, 1962.

Carter, Robert. “Boat-Related Finds.” In Maritime Interactions in the Arabian Neolithic: Evidence from H3, As-Sabiyah, an Ubaid-related Site in Kuwait, ed. by Robert Carter and Harriet Crawford, 89–104. Leiden: Brill, 2010.

Casson, Lionel. Ships and Seamanship in the Ancient World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995.

Cleuziou, Serge, and Maurizio Tosi. “Black Boats of Magan: Some Thoughts on Bronze-Age Water Transport in Oman and Beyond from the Impressed Bitumen Slabs of Ra’s al-Junayz.” In South Asian Archaeology 1993 II, edited by A. Parpola and P. Koskikallio. Helsinki: AASF Ser. B 271: 745–61.

Dalley, Stephanie, trans. Myths from Mesopotamia: Creation, the Flood, Gilgamesh, and Others. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1989.

Deloche, Jean. “Geographical Considerations in the Localization of Ancient Sea-Ports of India” (1983). In Trade in Early India, edited by Ranabir Chakravarti. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Doumas, Christos. Wall-Paintings of Thera. Athens: Thera Foundation, 1992.

Ferry, David, trans. Gilgamesh: A New Rendering in English Verse. New York: Farrar, Strauss & Giroux, 1993.

Gadd, C.J. “The Dynasty of Agade and the Gutian Invasion.” In I.E.S. Edwards, et al., eds.Cambridge Ancient History. 3rd ed. Vol. 1, pt. 2, Early History of the Middle East. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1971.

Ghosh, A., ed. An Encyclopedia of Indian Archaeology. Vol. 2, A Gazetteer of Explored and Excavated Sites in India. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1990.

Herodotus. The Histories. Translated by Aubrey de Sélincourt. 1954. New ed., New York: Penguin, 1996.

Hornell, James. Water Transport Origins and Early Revolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1946.

Kramer, Samuel Noah, and John R. Maier. Myths of Enki, the Crafty God. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1989.

Kuhrt, Amélie. The Ancient Near East. 2 vols. New ed. New York: Routledge, 1997.

Leshnik, Lawrence S. “The Harappan ‘Port’ at Lothal: Another View.” In Ancient Cities of the Indus, edited by Gregory L. Possehl. Durham: Carolina Academic Press, 1979.

Liritzis, Veronica McGeehan. “Seafaring, Craft and Cultural Contact in the Aegean during the 3rd Millennium BC.” IJNA 17:3 ()1988): 237–56.Mott, Development of the Rudder, 6–7.

Oppenheim, A. Leo, trans. Letters from Mesopotamia: Official, Business, and Private Letters on Clay Tablets from Two Millennia. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1967.

Oppenheim, A. Leo. “The Seafaring Merchants of Ur.” In Ancient Cities of the Indus, edited by Gregory L. Possehl. Durham: Carolina Academic Press, 1979.

Paine, Lincoln P. Ships of the World: An Historical Encyclopedia. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1997.

Pliny the Elder. Natural History. Translated by H. Rackham. 10 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1938–1963.

Potts, D. T. Arabian Gulf in Antiquity. 2 vols. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Potts, D. T. Mesopotamian Civilization: The Material Foundations. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1997.

Potts, D. T. “Watercraft of the Lower Sea.” In Beiträge zur Kulturgeschichte Vorderasiens: Festschrift für Rainer Michael Boehmer, 559–71. Mainz: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 1995.

Redford, Donald B. Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992.

Sandars N. K. The Sea Peoples: Warriors of the Ancient Mediterranean, 1250–1150 B.C. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1985.

Sherratt, S., ed. The Wall Paintings of Thera: Proceedings of the First International Symposium. 2 vols. Athens: Thera Foundation, 2000.

Simpson, William Kelly, ed. The Literature of Ancient Egypt: An Anthology of Stories, Instructions and Poetry. Translated by R.O. Faulkner et al. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1972.

Throckmorton, Peter, ed. The Sea Remembers: Shipwrecks and Archaeology. New York: Smithmark, 1991.

Thucydides. The Peloponnesian War. Translated by Rex Warner. New York: Penguin, 1954.

  1. S. Coast Guard. Navigation Rules International—Inland. Washington: U.S. Coast Guard, 2003.

Van de Mieroop, Marc. The Ancient Mesopotamian City. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999.

Vosmer, Tom. “Building the Reed-boat Prototype: Problems, Solutions, and Implications for the Organization and Structure of Third-Millennium Shipbuilding.” Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 31 (2001): 235–39

Vosmer, Tom. “The Magan Boat Project: A Process of Discovery, A Discovery of Process.”Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 33 (2003): 49–58.

Vosmer, Tom. “Ships in the Ancient Arabian Sea: The Development of a Hypothetical Reed Boat Model.” Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 30 (2000): 235–42.

Wachsmann, Shelley. Seagoing Ships & Seamanship in the Bronze Age Levant. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1998.

West, M. L. The East Face of Helicon: West Asiatic Elements in Greek Poetry and Myth. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997.

Wiener, M.H. “Isles of Crete? The Minoan Thalassocracy Revisited.” In Thera and the Aegean World. Vol. 1, Archaeology, ed. by D. A. Hardy, 128–61. London: Thera Foundation, 1990.

Chapter 4: Phoenicians, Greeks, and the Mediterranean

Aeschylus. The Suppliant Maidens, The Persians, Seven Against Thebes, Prometheus Bound. Translated by Seth G. Bernadete and David Grene. 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.

Apollonios Rhodios. The Argonautika: The Story of Jason and the Quest for the Golden Fleece. Translated by Peter Green. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

Aristophanes. Lysistrata & Other Plays: The Acharnians, The Clouds, Lysistrata. Translated by Alan H. Sommerstein. Revd. ed. New York: Penguin, 2003.

Aristotle. Politics. In The Complete Works of Aristotle, edited by Jonathan Barnes. 2 vols. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984.

Arrian. Anabasis of Alexander; Indica. Trans. E. Iliff Robson. 2 vols. New York: Putnam’s, 1929–33.

Aubet, Maria Eugenia. The Phoenicians and the West: Politics, Colonies and Trade. Translated by Mary Turton. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Aulus Gellius. Attic Nights. Translated by John C. Rolfe. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1927.

Austin, M.M., and P. Vidal-Naquet. Economic and Social History of Ancient Greece: An Introduction. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977.

Avienus, Rufus Festus. Ora Maritima (Description of the Seacoast from Brittany to Marseilles). J.P. Murphy. Chicago: Ares Publishers, 1977.

Bittlestone, Robert, with James Diggle and John Underhill. Odysseus Unbound: The Search for Homer’s Ithaca. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2005.

Casson, Lionel. The Ancient Mariners: Seafarers and Sea Fighters of the Mediterranean in Ancient Times. 2nd ed. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1991.

Casson, Lionel. Ships and Seamanship in the Ancient World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995.

Cunliffe, Barry W. Facing the Ocean: The Atlantic and its People 8000 BC-AD 1500. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Demosthenes. Against Meidias…. Translated by J.H. Vince. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1935.

Evelyn-White, H.G., trans. Hesiod, the Homeric Hymns and Homerica. London: Heinemann, 1914.

Green, Peter. The Greco-Persian Wars. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996.

Herodotus. The Histories. Translated by Aubrey de Sélincourt. 1954. New ed., New York: Penguin, 1996.

Holy Bible (especially Ezekiel, Isaiah)

Homer. The Iliad. Translated by Robert Fagles. New York: Penguin, 1990.

Homer. The Odyssey. Translated by Robert Fagles. New York: Penguin, 1996.

Isserlin, B. S. J., et al. “The Canal of Xerxes: Investigations in 1993–94.” Annual of the British School at Athens 91 (Dec. 1996): 329–40. The Canal of Xerxes in Northern Greece: Explorations 1991–2001. Available online.

King, Charles. The Black Sea: A History. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 2004.

Lazenby, J.F. “Diekplous.” Greece and Rome 2nd ser., 34:2 (1987): 169–77.

Lloyd, Alan B. “Necho and the Red Sea: Some Considerations.” Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 63 (1977): 142–55.

McGrail, Sean. Boats of the World from the Stone Age to Medieval Times. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 2001.

McGregor, Malcolm F. The Athenians and Their Empire. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1987.

Millett, Paul. “Maritime Loans and the Structure of Credit in Fourth-Century Athens.” InTrade in the Ancient Economy, edited by Peter Garnsey, Keith Hopkins, and C.R. Whittaker. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983.

Morrison, J.S., and J.F. Coates. The Athenian Trireme: The History and Reconstruction of an Ancient Greek Warship. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Murray, Oswyn. Early Greece. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1993.

Patai, Raphael. The Children of Noah: Jewish Seafaring in Ancient Times. Princeton: Princteon University Press, 1998.

Pausanias. Description of Greece. Translated by W.H.S. Jones. 5 vols. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1918–1971.

Plato. The Laws. Translated by A.E. Taylor. In The Collected Dialogues of Plato, edited by Edith Hamilton and Huntington Cairns. New York: Pantheon, 1961.

Plato. The Collected Dialogues of Plato. Ed. by Edith Hamilton and Huntington Cairns, 1225–1513. New York: Pantheon, 1961.

Pliny the Elder. Natural History. Translated by H. Rackham. 10 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1938–1963.

Plutarch. Plutarch’s Lives, Trans. P. Bernadotte. 11 vols. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 1967.

Polanyi, Karl. “Ports of Trade in Early Societies.” Journal of Economic History 23:1 (1963): 30–45.

Powell, Barry B. Homer. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2004.

Redmount, Carol. “The Wadi Tumilat and the Canal of the Pharaohs.” Journal of Near Eastern Studies 54 (1994): 127–35.

Reed, C. M. Maritime Traders in the Ancient Greek World. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2004.

Strabo. The Geography of Strabo, Trans. Horace Leonard Jones and J.R. Sitlington Sterrett. London: Heinemann, 1917–32.

Strauss, Barry. Battle of Salamis: The Naval Encounter That Saved Greece—and Western Civilization. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2004.

Tandy, David W. Warriors into Traders: The Power of the Market in Early Greece. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

Thucydides. The Peloponnesian War. Trans. Rex Warner. New York: Penguin, 1954.

Tsetskhladze, Gocha R. “Did the Greeks go to Cholcis for Metals?” Oxford Journal of Archaeology 14 (1995): 307–31.

Tsetskhladze, Gocha R. “Greek Penetration of the Black Sea.” In The Archaeology of Greek Colonisation: Essays Dedicated to John Boardman, edited by Gocha R. Tsteskhladze and F. de Angelis, 111–35. Oxford: Oxford University Community for Archaeology, 1994.

Tsetskhladze, Gocha R. “Trade on the Black Sea in the Archaic and Classical Periods.” InTrade, Traders and the Ancient City, edited by H. Parkins & C. Smith, 52–74. New York: Routledge, 1998.

Wachsmann, Shelley. Seagoing Ships & Seamanship in the Bronze Age Levant. College Station: Texas A&M Univ. Press, 1998.

Wallinga, H.T. “The Trireme and History.” Mnemosyne 43 (1990): 132–49.

Werner, Walter. “The Largest Ship Trackway in Ancient Times: The Diolkos of the Isthmus of Corinth, Greece, and Early Attempts to build a Canal.” International Journal of Nautical Archaeology26:2 (1997): 98–119.

Whitehead, Ian. “The Periplous.” Greece and Rome 34:2 (1987): 78–85.

Xenophon. A History of My Times. Translated by Rex Warner. New York: Penguin, 1979.

Chapter 5: Carthage, Rome, and the Mediterranean

Appian. Roman History. Translated by Horace White. 4 vols. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1962.

Aristotle. On the Art of Poetry. In Classical Literary Criticism, translated by T.S. Dorsch and Penelope Murray. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1972.

Arrian. The Anabasis of Alexander and Indica. Translated by P.A. Brunt. 2 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1976–83.

Ashburner, Walter. The Rhodian Sea-Law. 1909. Reprint Aalen, Germany: Scientia Verlag, 1976.

Athenaeus. The Deipnosophists. Translated by C.B. Gulick. 7 vols. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1927–41.

Aulus Gellius. The Attic Nights of Aulus Gellius. Translated by John C. Rolfe. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1927.

Brendel, Otto J. Etruscan Art. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1978.

Briscoe, John. “The Second Punic War.” In The Cambridge Ancient History. 2nd ed. Vol. 8,Rome and the Mediterranean to 133 B.C., A.E. Astin, et al., eds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Caesar, Julius, ed. S.A. Handford. The Conquest of Gaul. Trans. J.M. Cohen. New York: Penguin Books, 1981.

Casson, Lionel. The Ancient Mariners: Seafarers and Sea Fighters of the Mediterranean in Ancient Times. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991.

Casson, Lionel. “The Grain Trade of the Hellenistic World.” In Lionel Casson, Ancient Trade and Society. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1984.

Casson, Lionel. “The Isis and her Voyage.” Transactions of the American Philological Association 81 (1950): 43–56.

Casson, Lionel. “The Role of the State in Rome’s Grain Trade.” In Lionel Casson, Ancient Trade and Society. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1984.

Casson, Lionel. Ships and Seamanship in the Ancient World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995.

Cicero. Pro Lege Manilia, etc. Trans. H. Grose Hodge (vol. 9). Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 1929.

Coke, Edward, Sir. The Third Part of the Institutes of the Laws of England: Concerning High Treason, and Other Pleas of the Crown. London: by the author, 1797. Eighteenth Century Collections Online. Gale Group.

D’Arms, John H. Romans on the Bay of Naples: A Social and Cultural Study of the Villas and Their Owners from 150 B.C. to A.D. 400. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1970.

De Souza, Philip. Piracy in the Graeco-Roman World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Diodorus Siculus. Library of History. Translated by C.H. Oldfather. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1933–1967.

Errington, R.M. “Rome against Philip and Antiochus.” ICn A.E. Astin, et al., eds. The Cambridge Ancient History. 2nd ed. Vol. 8, Rome and the Mediterranean to 133 B.C.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Florus, Lucius Annaeus. Epitome of Roman History. 1929. Reprint Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1960.

Franke, P.R. “Pyrrhus” In F.W. Walbank, et al., eds. The Cambridge Ancient History. 2nd ed. Vol. 7, pt. 2, The Rise of Rome to 220 B.C. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Fraser, P.M. Ptolemaic Alexandria. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972.

Frost, Honor, et al. Lilybaeum (Marsala): The Punic Ship, Final Excavation Report. Rome: Notizie deglie scavi di antichità, 1976.

Frost, Honor, et al. “The Marsala Punic Ship: An Obituary.” Mariner’s Mirror 83:2 (1997): 207–11.

Gabrielsen, Vincent. The Naval Aristocracy of Hellenistic Rhodes. Aarhus: Aarhus University Press, 1997.

Garnsey, Peter. “Grain for Rome.” Peter Garnsey, Keith Hopkins, and C.R. Whittaker, eds.Trade in the Ancient Economy, 118–30. London: Chatto and Windus, 1983.

Gellius, Aulus. Attic Nights. Trans. John C. Rolfe. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 1927.

Goldsworthy, Adrian. The Punic Wars. London: Cassell, 2000.

Green, Peter. The Greco-Persian Wars. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996.

Habicht, C. “The Seleucids and their Rivals.” In The Cambridge Ancient History. 2nd ed. Vol. 8, Rome and the Mediterranean to 133 B.C., A.E. Astin, et al., eds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Hagy, James W. “800 Years of Etruscan Ships.” IJNA 15:3 (1986): 221–50.

Herodotus. The Histories. Translated by Aubrey de Sélincourt. 1954. New ed., New York: Penguin, 1996.

Hocker, F. “Lead Hull Sheathing in Antiquity.” Tropis 3 (1995): 197–206.

Holy Bible.

Horace. Odes.

Juvenal. The Sixteen Satires. Trans. Peter Green. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1967.

Livy. From the Founding of the City. Translated by B.O. Foster. 14 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1926.

Livy. Rome and the Mediterranean: Books XXXI-XLV of the History of Rome from its Foundation. Translated by Henry Bettenson. New York: Penguin Books, 1976.

Livy. Rome and Italy: Books 6 to 10. Trans. Betty Radice. New York: Penguin, 1982.

Longnaker, J. L. “History of Insurance Law.” Insurance Law Journal 477 (1962): 644–46.

Lucian. “The Ship or the Wishes.” In Lucian, translated by K. Kilburn. Loeb Classical Library, vol. 6. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1968.

McCormick, Michael. Origins of the European Economy: Communications and Commerce, AD 300–900. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2001.

Meiggs, Russell. Trees and Timber in the Ancient Mediterranean World. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1982.

Oleson, John Peter. “The Technology of Roman Harbors.” International Journal of Nautical History 17:2 (1988): 147–157.*

Paine, Lincoln P. Ships of the World: An Historical Encyclopedia. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1997.

Pennell, C. R., ed. Bandits at Sea: A Pirates Reader. New York: New York Univ. Press, 2001.

Pliny the Elder. Natural History. Translated by H. Rackham. 10 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1938–1963.

Plutarch. Plutarch’s Lives. Translated by Bernadotte Perrin. 11 vols. Loeb Classical Library. New York: Macmillan, 1914–26.

Polybius. The Histories. Translated by W.R. Paton. 8 vols. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1927.

Polybius. The Rise of the Roman Empire. Translated by Ian Scott-Kilvert. New York: Penguin, 1980.

Salmon, E.T. “The Coloniae Maritimae.” Athenaeum 41 (1963): 3–38.

Scrinari, V. Santa Maria, and Giuseppina Lauro. Ancient Ostia: Past and Present. Rome: Vision, 1981.

Seneca. Natural Questions. 2 vols. Translated by Thomas H. Corcoran. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1972.

Souza, Philip de. Piracy in the Graeco-Roman world. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1999.

Strabo. The Geography of Strabo. Translated by H.L. Jones. 8 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1917–32.

Suetonius. The Twelve Caesars. Translated by Robert Graves. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1957.

Tchernia, André. “Italian Wine in Gaul at the End of the Republic.” In Trade in the Ancient Economy, ed. by Peter Garnsey, Keith Hopkins and C.R. Whittaker. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983.

Temin, Peter. “The Economy of the Early Roman Empire.” Journal of Economic Perspectives20:1 (2006): 133–51.

Thiel, Johannes Hendrik. A History of Roman Sea-power before the Second Punic War. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing, 1954.

Thucydides. The Peloponnesian War. Translated by Rex Warner. New York: Penguin, 1954.

Toynbee, Arnold J. Constantine Porphyrogenitus and His World. London: Oxford Univ. Press, 1973.

Virgil. Aeneid. Translated by L.R. Lind. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1962.

Vitruvius. De Architectura. Trans. Frank Granger. 2 vols. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 1962.

Wallinga, H. T. The Boarding-Bridge of the Romans: Its Construction and its Function in the Naval Tactics of the First Punic War. Groningen: Wolters, 1956.

Welch, Kathryn. “Sextus Pomeius and the Res Publica.” In Sextus Pompeius, ed. by Anton Powell and Kathryn Welch, 31–64. Swansea: Classical Press of Wales, 2002.

Chapter 6: The Indian Ocean to the Seventh Century

Agatharchides of Cnidus. On the Erythraean Sea. Translated by Stanley M. Burstein. London: Hakluyt Society, 1989.

Ali, Abdul. “The Arabs as Seafarers.” Islamic Culture 54:4 (1980): 211–20.

Arrian. The Anabasis of Alexander and Indica. Translated by P.A. Brunt. 2 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1976–83.

Aryasura, and Peter Khoroche. Once the Buddha Was a Monkey: Arya Sura’s Jatakamala. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1989.

Blench, Roger. “The Ethnographic Evidence for Long-Distance Contacts between Oceania and East Africa.” In The Indian Ocean in Antiquity, edited by Julian Reade, 417–38. London: Kegan Paul, 1996.

Casson, Lionel. “Cinnamon and Cassia in the Ancient World.” In Lionel Casson, Ancient Trade and Society, 225–46. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1984.

Casson, Lionel. “New Light on Maritime Loans: PVindob.G 40882.” Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 84 (1990): 195–206.

Casson, Lionel, trans. The Periplus Maris Erythraei. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989.

Chakravarti, Ranabir. “Early Medieval Bengal and the Trade in Horses: A Note.” JESHO 42:2 (1999): 194–211.

Christides, Vassilios. “Two Parallel Naval Guides of the Tenth Century: Qudama’s document and Leo VI’s Naumachia: A Study on Byzantine and Moslem Naval Preparedness.” Graeco-Arabica 1 (1982): 51–103.

Cosmas Indicopleustes. The Christian Topography of Cosmas, An Egyptian Monk. Trans. J.W. McCrindle. London: Hakluyt, 1897.

Cowell, Edward B., trans. The Jataka; Or, Stories of the Buddha’s Former Births. 1895–1907. Reprint, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1973.

Crone, Patricia. Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1987.

Deloche, Jean. “Iconographic Evidence on the Development of Boat and Ship Structures in India (2nd C. B.C.-15TH C. A.D.” In Tradition and Archaeology: Early Maritime Contacts in the Indian Ocean, edited by Himanshu Prabha Ray and Jean-François Salles, 199–224. New Delhi: Manohar, 1999.

Dio Chrysostom. Discourses. 5 vols. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 1932–51.

Duncan-Jones, Richard. Economy of the Roman Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1974.

Faxian. The Travels of Fa-hian. In Xuanzang, Si-yu-ki: Buddhist Records of the Western World.Trans. Samuel Beal. 1884. Reprint, New Delhi: Oriental Books, 1969.”

Herodotus. The Histories. Translated by Aubrey de Sélincourt. 1954. New ed., New York: Penguin, 1996.

Hornell, James. “Boat Oculi Survivals: Additional Records.” Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 68 (1938): 339–48.

———. “Indonesian Influence on East African Culture.” Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 64 (1934): 305–32.

———. “The Role of Birds in Early Navigation.” Antiquity 20 (1946): 142–49.

Ilanko Atikal. The Tale of an Anklet: An Epic of South India. The Cilappatikaram of Ilanko Atikal. Translated by R. Parthasarathy. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993.

Islam, Sirajul, and Sajahan Miah, eds. “Trade and Commerce.” Available online.

The Jātaka: or, Stories of the Buddha’s Former Births. Translated by E. B. Cowell, et al. 1895–1907. Reprint London and Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1973.

Johnstone, Paul. The Sea-craft of Prehistory. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1980.

The Kautilya “Arthasastra,” Part II. Edited by R.P. Kangle. 2nd ed. Bombay: University of Bombay, 1972.

Laws of Manu. Translated by Wendy Doniger with Brian K. Smith. New York: Penguin, 1991.

Levi, Sylvain. “Manimekhala, a Divinity of the Sea.” Indian Historical Quarterly 6:4 (1930): 597–614.

Manguin, Pierre-Yves. “Southeast Asian Shipping in the Indian Ocean during the First Millennium A.D.” In Tradition and Archaeology: Early Maritime Contacts in the Indian Ocean, edited by Himanshu Prabha Ray and Jean-François Salles, 181–97. New Delhi: Manohar, 1999.

Mariners’ Museum. Aak to Zumbra: A Dictionary of the World’s Watercraft. Edited by Beverly McMillan, Susannah Livingston and Susan Beaven Rutter. Newport News, Va.: Mariners’ Museum, 2000.

McGrail, Sean. Boats of the World from the Stone Age to Medieval Times. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 2001.

Mukund, Kanakalatha. The Trading World of the Tamil Merchant: Evolution of Merchant Capitalism in the Coromandel. Hyderabad: Orient Longman, 1999.

Müller, F. Max, ed. Sacred Books of the East. 50 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879–1910.

Peacock, David, and Lucy Blue, eds. Myos Hormos-Quseir al-Qadim: Roman and Islamic Ports on the Red Sea. Vol. 1, Survey and Excavations, 1999–2003. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2006

Pearson, M.N. “Introduction.” In India and the Indian Ocean 1500–1800, edited by Ashin Das Gupta and M.N. Pearson, 1–24. Calcutta: Oxford Univ. Press, 1987.

Pliny the Elder. Natural History. Translated by H. Rackham. 10 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1938–1963.

Plutarch. Plutarch’s Lives, Trans. P. Bernadotte. 11 vols. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 1967.

Procopius. History of the Wars; The Secret History; Buildings. Trans. H.B. Dewing. 7 vols. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 1924–40.

Polybius. The Histories. Translated by W.R. Paton. 8 vols. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1927.

Potts, D. T. “The Parthian Presence in the Arabian Gulf.” In The Indian Ocean in Antiquity, edited by Julian Reade, 269–85. London: Kegan Paul, 1996.

Pritchard, James B. The Ancient Near East. Vol. 1, An Anthology of Text and Pictures. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1958.

Procopius. [History of the Wars; The Secret History; Buildings.] Translated by H.B. Dewing. 7 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1924–40.

Ray, Himanshu Prabha. “Early Coastal Trade in the Bay of Bengal.” In The Indian Ocean in Antiquity, edited by Julian Reade, 351–64. London: Kegan Paul, 1996.

Ray, Himanshu Prabha. Monastery and Guild: Commerce under the Satavahanas. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Ray, Himanshu Prabha. “A Resurvey of Roman Contacts with the East.” In Marie-Françoise Boussac and Jean-François Salles, eds. Athens, Aden, Arikamedu: Essays on the Interrelations between India, Arabia, and the Eastern Mediterranean, 97–114. New Delhi: Manohar, 1995.

Ray, Himanshu Prabha. “The Yavana Presence in Ancient India.” In Marie-Françoise Boussac and Jean-François Salles, eds. Athens, Aden, Arikamedu: Essays on the Interrelations between India, Arabia, and the Eastern Mediterranean, 76–82. New Delhi: Manohar, 1995.

Redmount, Carol. “The Wadi Tumilat and the Canal of the Pharaohs.” Journal of Near Eastern Studies 54 (1994): 127–35.

Rgveda Samhita: Vol. I. Translated by H.H. Wilson and Bhasya of Sayanacarya; edited by Ravi Prakash Arya and K.L. Joshi. Delhi: Parimal Publications, 1997.

Russell, Jeffrey Burton. Inventing the Flat Earth: Columbus and Modern Historians. New York: Praeger, 1991.

Salles, Jean-François. “Achaemenid and Hellenistic Trade in the Indian Ocean.” In The Indian Ocean in Antiquity, edited by Julian Reade, 251–67. London: Kegan Paul, 1996.

Salomon, Richard. “On the Origin of the Early Indian Scripts: A Review Article.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 115:2 (1995): 271–79.

Sedov, A. V. “Qana’ (Yemen) and the Indian Ocean: The Archaeological Evidence.” InTradition and Archaeology: Early Maritime Contacts in the Indian Ocean: Proceedings of the International Seminar “Techno-Archaeological Perspectives of Seafaring in the Indian Ocean, 4th cent. B.C.-15th cent. A.D.”, edited by Himanshu Prabha Ray and Jean-Francois Salles, 11–35. New Delhi, February 28–March 4, 1994. 1996.

Sharma, R.S. “Usury in Early Medieval Times.” In Trade in Early India, edited by Ranabir Chakravarti, 370–95. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Shattan, Merchant-Prince. Manimekhalaï (The Dancer with the Magic Bowl). Translated by Alain Danielou. New York: New Directions, 1989.

Sidebotham, Steven E. “Ports of the Red Sea and the Arabia-India Trade.” In Vimala Begley and Richard Daniel De Puma, eds. Rome and India: The Ancient Sea Trade, 12–38. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1991.

Somerville, Boyle G., and A.F.B. Woodhouse. Ocean Passages for the World. Winds and Currents. London: The Admiralty, 1950.

Strabo. The Geography of Strabo. Translated by H.L. Jones. 8 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1917–32.

Tacitus. Annals of Imperial Rome. Translated by Michael Grant. Revd. ed. New York: Penguin, 1956.

Thapar, Romila. Early India: From the Origins to AD 1300. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002.

Tripati, Sila. Maritime Archaeology: Historical Descriptions of the Seafarings of the Kalingas. New Delhi: Kaveri Books, 2000.

Uruthirankannanar. “Pattinapalai.” In J.V. Chelliah, trans., Pattupattu: Ten Tamil Idylls. Thanjavur: Tamil University Press, 1985.

Villiers, Alan. The Monsoon Seas: The Story of the Indian Ocean. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1952.

Wachsmann, Shelley. Seagoing Ships & Seamanship in the Bronze Age Levant. College Station: Texas A&M Univ. Press, 1998.

Weerakkody, D.P.M. “Sri Lanka through Greek and Roman Eyes.” In Sri Lanka and the Silk Road of the Sea, edited by Senake Bandaranayake et al., 163–72. Colombo: Sri Lanka National Commission for UNESCO/Central Cultural Fund, 1990.

Weerakkody, D.P.M. Taprobanê: Ancient Sri Lanka as known to Greeks and Romans. Turnhout: Brepols, 1997.

Wendrich, W. Z., R. S. Tomber, S. E. Sidebotham, et al. “Berenike Crossroads: The Integration of Information.” Journal of the Economic & Social History of the Orient 46:1 (2003): 46–88.

Wheeler, Mortimer. Rome Beyond the Imperial Frontiers. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1954.

Whitehouse, David. “Sasanian Maritime Activity.” In In The Indian Ocean in Antiquity, edited by Julian Reade, 339–49. London: Kegan Paul, 1996.

Wilkinson, J. C. “A Sketch of the Historical Geography of Trucial Oman Down to the Beginning of the Sixteenth Century.” Geographical Journal 130 (1964): 337–49.

Winius, George D. “Shadow Empire in the Bay of Bengal.” In Portugal, the Pathfinder: Journeys from the Medieval Towards the Modern World 1300–ca. 1600, edited by George D. Winius, 247–68. Madison: Hispanic Seminary of Medieval Studies, 1995.

Wink, André. Al-Hind: The Making of the Indo-Islamic World. 3 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1996–2002.

Wolters, O.W. Early Indonesian Commerce: A Study of the Origins of Srivijaya. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1967.

Young, Gary K. Rome’s Eastern Trade: International Commerce and Imperial Policy, 31 BC-AD 305. New York: Routledge, 2001.

Chapter 7: China and Southeast Asia to the Seventh Century

Ban, Gu. Food and Money in Ancient China: The Earliest Economic History of China to A.D. 25: Han Shu 24, with related texts, Han Shu 91 and Shih-chi 129. Translated by Nancy Lee Swann. 1950. Reprint New York: Octagon Books, 1974.

Bandaranayake, Senake, et. al., eds. Sri Lanka and the Silk Road of the Sea. Colombo: Sri Lanka National Commission for UNESCO and the Central Cultural Fund, 1990.

Bellwood, Peter S. Prehistory of the Indo-Malaysian Archipelago. Honolulu: Univ. of Hawai’i Press, 1997.

———. “Southeast Asia before History.” In The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia. Vol. 1, pt. 1, From Early Times to c. 1500, edited by Nicholas Tarling, 55–136. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Bellwood, Peter, and Judith Cameron. “Ancient Boats, Boat Timbers, and Locked Mortise-and-Tenon Joints from Bronze/Iron-Age Northern Vietnam.” IJNA 36:1 (2007): 2–20.

Bielenstein, Hans. Diplomacy and Trade in the Chinese World 589–1276. Leiden: Brill, 2005.

Brown, Delmer M. “The Yamato Kingdom.” In The Cambridge History of Japan. Vol. 1,Ancient Japan, edited by Delmer M. Brown, 108–62. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Casson, Lionel, trans. The Periplus Maris Erythraei. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989.

Chang, Chun-shu, and Joan Smythe. South China in the Twelfth Century: A Translation of Lu Yu’s Travel Diaries, July 3–December 6, 1170. Hong Kong: Chinese Univ. Press, 1981.

Chin, James K. “Ports, Merchants, Chieftains and Eunuchs: Reading Maritime Commerce of Early Guangdong.” In Guangdong: Archaeology and Early Texts, ed. by Shing Muller, Thomas O. Höllmann and Putao Gui, 217–39. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2004.

Crespigny, Rafe de. Generals of the South: The Foundation and Early History of the Three Kingdoms State of Wu. Canberra: Australian National University, Faculty of Asian Studies, 1990. Internet edition 2004. Available online.

Confucius. The Analects of Confucius (Lun Yu). Trans. Chichuang Huang. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1999.

Deng, Gang. Chinese Maritime Activities and Socioeconomic Development c. 2100 b.c. 1900 a.d. Westport: Greenwood, 1997.

———. Maritime Sector, Institutions, and Sea Power of Premodern China. Westport: Greenwood, 1999.

Elvin, Mark. The Pattern of the Chinese Past. Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press, 1973.

Faxian. The Travels of Fa-hian. In Xuanzang, Si-yu-ki.

Graff, David A. Medieval Chinese Warfare, 300–900. London: Routledge, 2002.

Grenet,Frantz. “Les marchands sogdiens dans les mers du Sud à l’époque préislamique.”Cahiers d’Asie centrale 1/2 (1996): 65–84.

Hall, Kenneth R. “Local and International Trade and Traders in the Straits of Melaka Region: 600–1500.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 47:2 (2004): 213–60.

Hall, Kenneth R. Maritime Trade and State Development in Early Southeast Asia. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1985.

Hill, John E., trans. The Western Regions According to the Hou Hanshu: The Xiyu juan. FromHou Hanshu 88. 2nd ed. 2003.http://depts.washington.edu/uwch/silkroad/texts/hhshu/hou_han_shu.html

Iryŏn. Samguk Yusa: Legends and History of the Three Kingdoms of Ancient Korea. Translated by Tae-Hung Ha and Grafton K. Mintz. Seoul: Yonsei University Press, 1972.

Jacq-Hergoualc’h, Michel. The Malay Peninsula Crossroads of the Maritime Silk Road (100 bc-1300 ad). Leiden: Brill, 2002.

Lee, Ki-Baik. A New History of Korea. Translated by Edward W. Wagner, with Edward J. Shultz. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1984

Kim, Zae-Geun. “An Outline of Korean Shipbuilding History.” Korea Journal (1989 October): 4–17.

Lu, David J. Japan: A Documentary History. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 1997.

Manguin, Pierre-Yves. “The Archaeology of Early Maritime Polities of Southeast Asia.” InSoutheast Asia from Prehistory to History, edited by Ian Glover and Peter Bellwood, 282–313. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2004.

Manguin, Pierre-Yves. “The Southeast Asian Ship, An Historical Approach.” Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 11:2 (1980): 266–76.

Manguin, Pierre-Yves. “Southeast Asian Shipping in the Indian Ocean during the First Millennium A.D.” In Tradition and Archaeology: Early Maritime Contacts in the Indian Ocean, edited by Himanshu Prabha Ray and Jean-François Salles, 181–97. New Delhi: Manohar, 1999.

Manguin, Pierre-Yves. “Trading Ships of the South China Sea.” JESHO 36:3 (1993): 253–280.

McGrail, Sean. Boats of the World from the Stone Age to Medieval Times. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 2001.

Needham, Joseph, with Wang Ling and Lu Gwei-djen. Science and Civilization in China. Vol. 4, Physics and Physical Technology, Part 3, Civil Engineering and Nautics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1971.

Nihongi: Chronicles of Japan from the Earliest Times to A.D. 697. Translated by W.G. Aston. 1924. Reprint Rutland, Vt.: Charles E. Tuttle, 1972.

Ray, Himanshu Prabha. “Early Coastal Trade in the Bay of Bengal.” In The Indian Ocean in Antiquity, edited by Julian Reade, 351–64. London: Kegan Paul, 1996.

Ray, Himanshu Prabha. Monastery and Guild: Commerce under the Satavahanas. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Shiba, Yoshinobu, and Mark Elvin. Commerce and Society in Sung China. Ann Arbor: Center for Chinese Studies, Univ. of Michigan, 1970.

Sima Qian. Records of the Grand Historian. Translated by Burton Watson. Rev. ed. 2 vols. New York: Renditions-Columbia University Press, 1993.

Southworth, William A. “The Coastal States of Champa.” In Southeast Asia from Prehistory to History, edited by Ian Glover and Peter Bellwood, 209–233. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2004.

Spennemann, Dirk R. “On the Bronze Age Ship Model from Flores, Indonesia.”International Journal of Nautical Archaeology14.3 (1985): 237–241.

Stuart-Fox, Martin. A Short History of China and Southeast Asia: Tribute, Trade and Influence. Crows Nest, NSW: Allen & Unwin, 2003.

Sutherland, Heather. “Southeast Asian History and the Mediterranean Analogy.” JSEAS34:1 (2003): 1–20.

Taylor, Keith W. The Birth of Vietnam. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press, 1983.

Van Slyke, Lyman P. Yangtze: Nature, History and the River. Stanford: Stanford Alumni Assoc., 1988.

Wang Gungwu. The Nanhai Trade: The Early History of Chinese Trade in the South China Sea. 2nd ed. Singapore: Times Academic Press, 1998.

Wheatley, Paul. The Golden Khersonese: Studies in the Historical Geography of the Malay Peninsula before A.D. 1500. Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya Press, 1961.

Wheeler, Mortimer. Rome Beyond the Imperial Frontiers. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1954.

Wolters, O. W. Early Indonesian Commerce: A Study of the Origins of Srivijaya. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press, 1967.

Worcester, G. R. G. The Junks and Sampans of the Yangtze. Annapolis: Naval Institute, 1971.

Wright, Arthur F. The Sui Dynasty. New York: Knopf, 1978.

Yu Huan. The Peoples of the West: From the Weilue, A Third Century Chinese Account Composed between 239 and 265 ce. Draft English translation by John E. Hill, September, 2004. http://depts.washington.edu/uwch/silkroad/texts/weilue/weilue.html#section13.

Zheng, Yangwen. China on the Sea: How the Maritime World Shaped Modern China. Leiden: Brill, 2012.

Chapter 8: The Byzantine and Muslim Mediterranean

Agius, Dionisius A. Classic Ships of Islam: From Mesopotamia to the Indian Ocean. Leiden: Brill, 2008.

Ahrweiler, Helene. Byzance et la mer. Paris: Presses Universitaire de France, 1966.

Anna Comnena. Alexiad. Translated by E. R. A. Sewter. New York: Penguin, 1969.

Ashburner, Walter. The Rhodian Sea-Law. 1909. Reprint Aalen, Germany: Scientia Verlag, 1976.

Aziz Ahmad. A History of Islamic Sicily. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1975.

Baladhuri, Ahmad ibn Yahya. The Origins of the Islamic State. Translated by Philip Khuri Hitti. 1916. Reprint Piscataway: Gorgias Press, 2002.

Bass, G. F. “A Byzantine Trading Venture.” Scientific American 225 (Aug. 1971) 22–33.

Bass, George F., et al. Serçe Limanı: An Eleventh-Century Shipwreck. Vol. 1, The Ship and Its Anchorage, Crew, and Passengers. College Station: Texas A&M Univ. Press, 2004.

Bass, G. F., and F. H. van Doorninck, Jr. “An 11th-Century Shipwreck at Serçe Limani, Turkey.” International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 7 (1978) 119–32.

Bass, G. F., and F. H. van Doorninck, Jr. “A Fourth-Century Shipwreck at Yassi Ada.”American Journal of Archaeology 75 (1971): 27–37.

Bass, G. F., and F. H. van Doorninck, Jr. Yassi Ada. Vol. 1, A Seventh-Century Byzantine Shipwreck. College Station, Tex.: IJNA, 1982.

Bramoullé, David. “Recruiting Crews in the Fatimid Navy (909–1171).” Medieval Encounters13 (2007): 4–31.

Bury, J.B. A History of the Eastern Roman Empire from the Fall of Irene to the Accession of Basil I. 1912. Reprint New York: Russell and Russell, 1965.

Byrne, Eugene H. “Commercial Contracts of the Genoese in the Syrian Trade of the Twelfth Century.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 31:1 (1916): 128–70.

Castro, Filipe, N. Fonseca, T. Vacas, and F. Ciciliot. “A Quantitative Look at Mediterranean Lateen- and Square-Rigged Ships (Part 1).” IJNA 37:2 (2008): 347–59.

Christides, Vasilios. The Conquest of Crete by the Arabs (ca. 824): A Turning Point in the Struggle between Byzantium and Islam. Athens: Akademia Athenon, 1984.

Christides, Vasilios. “Fireproofing of War Machines, Ships and Garments.” In Sailing Ships of the Mediterranean Sea and the Arabian Gulf. Vol. 1. Edited by Christos G. Makrypoulias. Athens: Kuwait F.A.S., 1998.

Christides, Vasilios. “Milaha.” In Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition, edited by C.E. Bosworth, E. van Dozel, W.P. Heindrichs, and Ch. Pellat. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1993.

Christides, Vasilios. “Two Parallel Naval Guides of the Tenth Century: Qudama’s document and Leo VI’s Naumachia: A Study on Byzantine and Moslem Naval Preparedness.” Graeco-Arabica 1 (1982): 51–103.

Citarella, Armand O. “The Relations of Amalfi with the Arab World before the Crusades.”Speculum 42 (1967): 299–312.

Constable, Olivia Remie. “The Problem of Jettison in Medieval Mediterranean Maritime Law.” Journal of Medieval History 20 (1994): 207–20.

Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus. De administrando imperio. Translated by R.J.H. Jenkins. Rev. ed. Washington: Dumbarton Oaks Center for Byzantine Studies, 1985.

Cosentino, Salvatore. “Constans II and the Byzantine Navy.” Byzantinische Zeitschrift 100:2 (2007): 577–603.

Cross, Samuel Hazzard, and Olgerd P. Sherbowitz-Wetzor, trans. Russian Primary Chronicle: Laurentian text. Cambridge: Mediaeval Academy of America, 1953.

Davidson, H.R. Ellis. “The Secret Weapon of Byzantium.” Byzantinische Zeitschrift 66 (1973): 61–74.

Einhard and Notker the Stammerer. Two Lives of Charlemagne. Translated by Lewis Thorpe. New York: Penguin, 1969.

Fahmy, Aly Mohamed. Muslim Naval Organization in the Eastern Mediterranean from the Seventh to the Tenth Century A.D. 2nd ed. Cairo: National Publication & Printing House, 1966.

García Moreno, L. A. “Creation of Byzantium’s Spanish Province: Causes and Propaganda.”Byzantion 66 (1996): 101–19.

Goitein, S. D. A Mediterranean Society: The Jewish Communities of the World as Portrayed in the Documents of the Cairo Geniza. 5 vols. 1967. Reprint Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.

Goitein, S. D., and Mordechai A. Friedman. India Traders of the Middle Ages: Documents from the Cairo Geniza, India Book.” Leiden: Brill, 2008.

Haldane, Douglas. “The Fire-Ship of Al-Salih Ayyub and Muslim Use of ‘Greek Fire.’” In The Circle of War in the Middle Ages: Essays on Medieval Military and Naval History, edited by Donald J. Kagay and L.J. Andrew Villalon. Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1999.

Haldon, John. “Military Service, Military Lands, and the Status of Soldiers.” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 47 (1993): 1–67.

Haywood, John. Dark Age Naval Power: A Reassessment of Frankish and Anglo-Saxon Seafaring Activity. Revised ed. Hockwold-cum-Wilton, Norfolk: 1999.

Hill, George. History of Cyprus. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1940.

Hitti, Philip K. History of the Arabs from the Earliest Times to the Present. 10th ed. New York: St. Martin’s, 1970.

Hourani, George F. Arab Seafaring in the Indian Ocean in Ancient and Early Medieval Times. Revised and expanded by John Carswell. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995.

Ibn Khaldun. The Muqaddimah: An Introduction to History. Translated by Franz Rosenthal. 3 vols. Bollingen Series 43. New York: Pantheon Books, 1958.

Jackson, Richard P. “From Profit-Sailing to Wage-Sailing: Mediterranean Owner-Captains and their Crews during the Medieval Commercial Revolution.” Journal of European Economic History 18:3 (1989): 605–28.Top of Form

Kaminiates, John. The Capture of Thessaloniki. Translated by David Frendo and Athanasios Fotiou. Perth: Australian Association for Byzantine Studies, 2000.

Jenkins, R. J. H. “Cyprus between Byzantium and Islam, A.D. 688–965.” In Studies Presented to D. M. Robinson, ed. by G.E. Mylonas, 2.1006–1014. St. Louis: Washington University, 1953.

Khalilieh, Hassan S. Admiralty and Maritime Laws in the Mediterranean Sea (Ca. 800–1050): The Kitāb Akriyat Al-Sufun Vis-à-Vis the Nomos Rhodion Nautikos. Leiden: Brill, 2006.

Khalilieh, Hassan S. Islamic Maritime Law: An Introduction. Leiden: Brill, 1998.

Koran

Kubiak, Wladyslaw B. “The Byzantine Attack on Damietta in 853 and the Egyptian Navy in the 9th Century.” Byzantion 40 (1970): 45–66.

Laiou, Angeliki E. “Byzantine Traders and Seafarers.” In The Greeks and the Sea, ed. by Spyros Vryonis, Jr., 79–96. New Rochelle: Caratzas, 1992.

Lewis, Archibald. Naval Power and Trade in the Mediterranean, A.D. 500–1000. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1951.

Lombard, Maurice. “Arsenaux et bois de marine dans la Méditerranée musulmane (VIIe-XIe siècle).” In Le navire et l’économie maritime du Moyen-Age au XVIIIe siècle principalement en Méditerranée, ed. by M. Mollat, 53–106. Paris: S.E.V.P.E.N., 1958.

Lopez, Robert S. The Commercial Revolution of the Middle Ages, 950–1350. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976.

Lot, Ferdinand. The End of the Ancient World and the Beginnings of the Middle Ages. 1931. Reprint New York: Harper and Row, 1961.

Makrypoulias, Christos G. “Byzantine Expeditions against the Emirate of Crete c. 825–949.”Graeco-Arabica 7–8 (2000): 347–362.

McCormick, Michael. Origins of the European Economy: Communications and Commerce, AD 300–900. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

McGrail, Sean. Boats of the World from the Stone Age to Medieval Times. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 2001.

Muqaddasi, Muhammad ib Ahmad Al-. The Best Divisions for Knowledge of the Regions: A Translation of Ahsan al-Taqasi fi Marifat al-AqalimTrans. Basil Anthony Collins. Reading, UK: Centre for Muslim Contribution to Civilisation/Garnet, 1994.

Ostrogorsky, George. History of the Byzantine State. New Brunswick: Rutgers Univ. Press, 1957.

Paine, Lincoln P. “A Pax Upon You: Preludes and Perils of American Imperialism.” Clio’s Psyche 10:3 (Dec. 2003): 91–97.

Paine, Lincoln P. Ships of the World: An Historical Encyclopedia. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1997.

Parker, A.J. Ancient Shipwrecks of the Mediterranean & the Roman Provinces. Oxford, Eng.: Tempus Reparatum, 1992.

Pérez-Mallaína, Pablo E. Spain’s Men of the Sea: Daily Life on the Indies Fleets in the Sixteenth Century. Trans. Carla Rahn Phillips. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1998.

Picard, Christophe. “Baḥriyyūn, émirs et califes: l’origine des équipages des flottes musulmanes en Méditerranée occidentale (VIIIe-Xe siècle).” Medieval Encounters 13 (2007): 413–51.

Planhol, Xavier de. L’Islam et la mer: La mosquée et le matelot VIIe-Xxe siecle. Paris: Perrin, 2000.

Procopius. [History of the Wars; The Secret History; Buildings.] Translated by H.B. Dewing. 7 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1924–40.

Pryor, John H. “From Dromon to Galea: Mediterranean Bireme Galleys, ad 500–1300.” In Gardiner and Morrison, eds., The Age of the Galley, 101–16.

———. Geography, Technology and War: Studies in the Maritime History of the Mediterranean, 649–1571. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1988.

———. “Mediterranean Commerce in the Middle Ages: A Voyage under Contract ofCommenda.” Viator 14 (1983): 133–94.

———. “The Origins of the Commenda Contract.” Speculum 52:1 (1977): 5–37.

Pryor, John H., and Elizabeth M. Jeffreys, with Ahmad Shboul. The Age of the Dromon: The Byzantine Navy ca 500–1204. Leiden: Brill, 2006.

Rankov, Boris. “Fleets of the Early Roman Empire, 31 BC to AD 324.” In The Age of the Galley: Mediterranean Oared Vessels since Pre-Classical Times, edited by J.S. Morrison, 78–85. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1995.

Roover, Florence Edler de. “Early Examples of Marine Insurance.” Journal of Economic History 5:2 (1945): 172–200.

Runciman, Steven. Byzantine Civilisation. London: Edward Arnold, 1933.

———. “Byzantine Trade and Industry.” In The Cambridge Economic History of Europe, edited by M.M. Postan, et al., vol. 2, pp. 132–67. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Steffy, J. Richard. “The Reconstruction of the 11th Century Serçe Liman Vessel. A Preliminary Report.” International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 11 (1982): 13–34.

Stratos, Andreas N. “The Naval Engagement at Phoenix.” 1980. Reprinted in Studies in 7th-Century Byzantine Political History, Andreas N. Stratos. London: Variorum Reprints, 1983. pp. 230–247.

Tabari, al-. The History of al-Tabari. 39 vols. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1985.

Taha, Abd al-Wahid Dhannun. The Muslim Conquest and Settlement of North Africa and Spain. New York: Routledge, 1989.

Theophanes, the Confessor. The Chronicle of Theophanes Confessor: Byzantine and Near Eastern History, AD 284–813. Translated by Cyril Mango and Roger Scott. New York : Oxford University Press, 1997.

Unger, Richard W. The Ship in the Medieval Economy, 600–1600. London: Croom Helm, 1980.

van Doorninck, Frederick H., Jr. “The 4th-century Wreck at Yassi Ada: An Interim Report on the Hull.” International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 5 (1976): 115–131.

Zosimus. New History. Translated by Ronald T. Ridley. Canberra: Australian Association for Byzantine Studies, 1982.

Chapter 9: Northern European Seas through the Viking Age

Adam of Bremen. History of the Archbishops of Hamburg-Bremen. Translated by Francis J. Tschau. New York: Columbia University Press, 1959.

Alcuin of York, ed. Stephen Allott. Alcuin of York, c. a.d. 732 to 804: His Life and Letters. York: William Sessions Ltd., 1974.

Ambrosiani, Björn. “The Prehistory of Towns in Sweden.” In The Rebirth of Towns in the West ad, 700–1050, ed. by Richard Hodges and Brian Hobley, 63–68. Oxford: Council for British Archaeology, 1988.

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicles. Translated by Michael Swanton. Revised edition. London: Phoenix Press, 2000.

Arenhold, Capt. L. “The Nydam Boat at Kiel.” Mariner’s Mirror 4 (1914): 182–185.

Ari Thorgilsson. The Book of the Icelanders (Íslendingabók). Translated by Halldór Hermannsson. Ithaca: Cornell University Library, 1930.

Bachrach, Bernard S. “On the Origins of William the Conqueror’s Horse Transports.”Technology and Culture 26:3 (1985): 505–31. Reprinted in Warfare and Military Organization in Pre-Crusade Europe. Ashgate: Variorum, 2002.

Bately, Janet. “Text and Translation.” In Ohthere’s Voyages: A Late 9th-century Account of Voyages along the Coasts of Norway and Denmark and Its Cultural Context, edited by Janet Bately and Anton Englert, 40–50. Roskilde: Viking Ship Museum, 2007.

Bede. A History of the English Church and People. Translated by Leo Sherley-Price. New York: Penguin Books, 1968.

Beowulf. Translated by Seamus Heaney. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2000.

Bessason, Haraldur, Paul Edwards, and Hermann Pálsson. The Book of Settlements. Winnipeg: Univ. of Manitoba Press, 1972.

Birnbaum, Henrik. Lord Novgorod the Great: Essays in the history and Culture of a Medieval City-state. Columbus: Slavica, 1981.

Boardman, John. The Greeks Overseas: Their Early Colonies and Trade. 4th ed. London: Thames and Hudson, 1999.

Brøgger, A.W., and Haakon Shetelig. The Viking Ships: Their Ancestry and Evolution. Translated by Katherine John. Los Angeles: K.K. Mogensen, 1953.

Brutzkus, J. “Trade with Eastern Europe, 800–1200.” Economic History Review 13:1/2 (1943): 31–41.

Caesar, Julius. The Conquest of Gaul. Translated by J.M. Cohen. New York: Penguin Books, 1981.

Campbell, Alistair, ed. Encomium Emmae Reginae. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1998.

Carver, M.O.H. “Pre-Viking Traffic in the North Sea.” In Maritime Celts, Frisians and Saxons, ed. Seán McGrail, 117–25. London: Council for British Archaeology, 1990.

Christensen, Arne Emil. “Proto-Viking, Viking and Norse Craft.” In Robert Gardiner and A.E. Christensen, eds. The Earliest Ships: The Evolution of Boats into Ships, 72–88. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1996.

Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus. De administrando imperio. Translated by R.J.H. Jenkins. Rev. ed. Washington: Dumbarton Oaks Center for Byzantine Studies, 1985.

Cross, Samuel Hazzard, and Olgerd P. Sherbowitz-Wetzor, trans. Russian Primary Chronicle: Laurentian text. Cambridge: Mediaeval Academy of America, 1953.

Crumlin-Pedersen, Ole. “Boats and Ships of the Baltic Sea in the 9th and 10th Centuries: The Archaeological and Iconographic Evidence.” In Wulfstan’s Voyage: The Baltic Sea Region in the Early Viking Age as Seen from Shipboard, edited by Anton Englert and Athena Trakadas, 235–56. Roskilde: Viking Ship Museum, 2009.

Crumlin-Pedersen, Ole. “The Skuldelev Ships.” Acta Archaeologica 38 (1967): 73–174.

Cunliffe, Barry W. The Extraordinary Voyage of Pytheas the Greek. New York: Walker, 2002.

Cunliffe, Barry W. Facing the Ocean: The Atlantic and its People 8000 bc-ad 1500. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 2001.

Dennis, Andrew, Peter Foote, and Richard Perkins, trans. Laws of Early Iceland—Grágás: The Codex Regius of Grágás with Material from Other Manuscripts. Winnipeg: Univ. of Manitoba Press, 1980.

De Paor, Máire. Patrick, the Pilgrim Apostle of Ireland. New York: Regan, 2002.

DeVries, Kelly. The Norwegian Invasion of England in 1066. Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1999.

Dunlop, D. M. The History of the Jewish Khazars. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1954.

Einhard and Notker the Stammerer. Two Lives of Charlemagne. Translated by Lewis Thorpe. New York: Penguin, 1969.

El-Hajji, A.A. “The Andalusian Diplomatic Relations with the Vikings during the Umayyad Period.” Hesperis Tamuda 8 (1967): 67–110.

Evans, Angela Care. The Sutton Hoo Ship Burial. London: British Museum Press, 1986.

Fernández-Armesto, Felipe. “The Stranger-Effect in Early Modern Asia.” In Shifting Communities and Identity Formation in Early Modern Asia, ed. by Leonard Blussé and Felipe Fernández-Armesto, 181–202. Leiden: KITLV, 2003.

Flodoard of Reims. The Annals of Flodoard of Reims, 919–966. Translated by Steven Fanning and Bernard S. Bachrach. Peterborough, Ont.: Broadview Press, 2004.

Gifford, Edwin, and Joyce Gifford. “The Sailing Performance of Anglo-Saxon Ships as Derived from the Building and Trials of Half-Scale Models of the Sutton Hoo & Graveney Ship Finds.” Mariner’s Mirror 82 (1996): 131–153.

Gimbutas, Marija Alseikaite. The Balts. New York: Praeger, 1963.

Greenland Saga. In The Vinland Sagas: The Norse Discovery of America (Graenlendinga SagaEirik’s Saga), translated by Magnus Magnusson and Hermann Pálsson. New York: Penguin Books, 1965.

Haywood, John. Dark Age Naval Power: A Reassessment of Frankish and Anglo-Saxon Seafaring Activity. Revised ed. Hockwold-cum-Wilton, Norfolk: 1999.

Herodotus. The Histories. Translated by Aubrey de Sélincourt. 1954. New ed., New York: Penguin, 1996.

Höckmann, Olaf. “Late Roman Rhine Vessels from Mainz, Germany.” International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 22 (1993): 125–135.

Höckmann, Olaf. “Late Roman River Craft from Mainz, Germany.” In Local Boats, Fourth International Symposium on Boat and Ship Archaeology, Porto 1985, edited by O.L. Filgueiras. BAR International Series 438:23–34. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports, 1988.

Hollister, C. Warren. Anglo-Saxon Military Institutions: On the Eve of the Norman Conquest. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1962.

Holmqvist, Wilhelm. “Helgö, An Early Trading Settlement in Central Sweden.” In Recent Archaeological Excavations in Europe, ed. by Rupert Bruce-Mitford, 111–32. London: Routledge, 1975.

Jesch, Judith. “Who was Wulfstan.” In Wulfstan’s Voyage: The Baltic Sea Region in the Early Viking Age as Seen from Shipboard, edited by Anton Englert and Athena Trakadas, 29–36. Roskilde: Viking Ship Museum, 2009.

Jones, Gwyn. A History of the Vikings. New York: Oxford University Press, 1968.

Jöns, Hauke. “Ports and Emporia of the Southern Coast: from Hedeby to Usedom and Wolin.” In Wulfstan’s Voyage: The Baltic Sea Region in the Early Viking Age as Seen from Shipboard, edited by Anton Englert and Athena Trakadas, 160–81. Roskilde: Viking Ship Museum, 2009.

King Harald’s Saga. Translated by Hermann Pálsson. New York: Penguin, 1966.

Kirby, David, and Merja-Liisa Hinkkanen. The Baltic and North Seas. London: Routledge, 2000.

Lapidge, Michael, ed. Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Anglo-Saxon England. Oxford: Blackwell, 1999.

Larson, Laurence Marcellus, trans. The King’s Mirror. New York: American-Scandinavian Foundation, 1917.

Lebecq, Stéphane. Marchands et navigateurs frisons du haut Moyen Age. [Lille]: Presses universitaires de Lille, 1983.

———. “The Northern Seas: (Fifth to Eighth Centuries).” In The New Cambridge Medieval History. Vol. 1, c. 500–c. 700, ed. by Paul Fouracre, 639–60. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1995.

Leitholdt, Eva, Christoph Zielhofer, Stefanie Berg-Hobohm, et al. “Fossa Carolina: The First Attempt to Bridge the Central European Watershed—A Review, New Findings, and Geoarchaeological Challenges.” Geoarchaeology 27:1 (2012): 88–104.

Lund, Niels, ed.; Christine E. Fell, trans. Two Voyagers at the Court of King Alfred: The Ventures of Ohthere and Wulfstan, together with the Description of Northern Europe from the Old English Orosius. York, England: William Sessions, 1984.

Magnusson, Magnus. The Vikings. Stroud, Gloucestershire: Tempus, 2000.

Magnússon, Sigurdur A. Northern Sphinx: Iceland and the Icelanders from the Settlement to the Present. Reykjavik: The English Bookshop, 1977.

Magnusson, Magnus, and Hermann Pálsson, trans. The Vinland Sagas: The Norse Discovery of America (Graenlendinga Saga and Eirik’s Saga). Baltimore: Penguin, 1965.

Marcus, G. J. The Conquest of the North Atlantic. Woodbridge, Suffolk: The Boydell Press, 1980.

Marsden, Peter. A Ship of the Roman Period: From Blackfriars, in the City of London. London: Guildhall Museum, 1967.

Mason, David J. P. Roman Britain and the Roman Navy. Stroud: Tempus, 2003.

McGhee, Robert. “Epilogue: Was There Continuity from Norse to Post-Medieval Explorations of the New World?” In Contact, Continuity, and Collapse: The Norse Colonization of the North Atlantic, ed. by James H. Barett, 239–48. Turnhout: Brepols, 2003.

McGrail, Sean. “Boats and Boatmanship in the Southern North Sea and Channel.” InMaritime Celts, Frisians and Saxons, edited by Seán McGrail, 32–48. London: Council for British Archaeology, 1990.

McGrail, Sean. “Romano-Celtic Boats and Ships: Characteristic Features.” IJNA 24:2 (1995): 139–45.

Middleton, Neil. “Early Medieval Port Customs, Tolls and Controls on Foreign Trade.” Early Medieval Europe 13:4 (2005): 313–58.

Milne, Gustav. “Maritime Traffic between the Rhine and Roman Britain: A Preliminary Note.” In Maritime Celts, Frisians and Saxons, edited by Seán McGrail, 82–85. London: Council for British Archaeology, 1990.

Milne, Gustav and Damian Goodburn. “The Early Medieval Port of London ad 700–1200.”Antiquity 64 (1990): 629–36.

Ó Corráin, Donnchadh. “Vikings in Ireland and Scotland in the Ninth Century.” Peritia 12 (1998): 296-339.

Ó Cróinin, Dáibhi. A New History of Ireland. Vol. 1, Prehistoric and Early Ireland. New York: Oxord University Press, 2003.

Oddr Snorrason, and Theodore Murdock Andersson. The Saga of Olaf Tryggvason. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press, 2003.

Olsen, Olaf, and Ole Crumlin-Pedersen. Five Viking Ships from Roskilde Fjord. Copenhagen: The National Museum, 1978.

Paine, Lincoln P. Ships of the World: An Historical Encyclopedia. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1997.

Rimbert, Saint. Anskar, the Apostle of the North. Translated by Charles H. Robinson. London: Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, 1921.

Rodger, N.A.M. The Safeguard of the Sea, 660–1649. London: Harper Collins, 1997.

Rule, Margaret, and Jason Monaghan. A Gallo-Roman Trading Vessel from Guernsey: The Excavation and Recovery of a Third Century Shipwreck. Candie Gardens: Guernsey Museums & Galleries, 1993.

Sawyer, Peter. “The Viking Expansion.” In The Cambridge History of Scandinavia. Vol. 1,Prehistory to 1520, ed. by Knut Helle, 104–20. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2003.

Seaver, Kirsten A. The Frozen Echo: Greenland and the Exploration of North America, Ca. A.D. 1000–1500. Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press, 1996.

Severin, Tim. The Brendan Voyage: A Leather Boat Tracks the Discovery of America by the Irish Sailor Saints. New York: McGraw Hill, 1978.

Sheehan, John. “The Longphort in Viking Age Ireland.” Acta Archaeologica 79 (2008): 282–95.

Sjövold, Thorleif. The Oseberg Find and the Other Viking Ship Finds. Oslo: Universitets Oldsaksamling, 1966.

Skovgaard-Petersen, Inge. “Early Political Organisation: The Making of the Danish Kingdom.” In The Cambridge History of Scandinavia. Vol. 1, Prehistory to 1520, ed. by Knut Helle, 168–83. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2003.

Skre, Dagfinn. “The Sciringes healh of Ohthere’s Time.” In Ohthere’s Voyages: A Late 9th-century Account of Voyages along the Coasts of Norway and Denmark and Its Cultural Context, edited by Janet Bately and Anton Englert, 150–56. Roskilde: Viking Ship Museum, 2007.

Snorri Sturluson. King Harald’s Saga. Trans. Magnus Magnusson and Hermann Pálsson. New York: Penguin, 1966.

Snorri Sturluson. The Story of Olaf Tryggvison. In The Stories of the Kings of Norway, called the Round World (Heimskringla), translated by William Morris and Eiríkr Magnússon, vol. 1, pp. 223–378. London: Bernard Quaritch, 1893.

Squatriti, Paolo. “Digging Ditches in Early Medieval Europe.” Past and Present 176 (2002): 11–65.

Starr, Chester G. The Roman Imperial Navy: 31 B.C.-A.D. 324. 3rd ed. 1941. Reprint Chicago: Ares Publishers, 1993.

Storli, Inger. “Ohthere and His World.” In Ohthere’s Voyages: A Late 9th-century Account of Voyages along the Coasts of Norway and Denmark and Its Cultural Context, edited by Janet Bately and Anton Englert, 76–99. Roskilde: Viking Ship Museum, 2007.

Strabo. The Geography of Strabo, Trans. Horace Leonard Jones and J.R. Sitlington Sterrett. London: Heinemann, 1917–32.

Swanton, Michael James, trans. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicles. London: Phoenix Press, 2001.

Tacitus. The Agricola and the Germania. Trans. H. Mattingly and S.A. Handford. Baltimore: Penguin, 1970.

Tacitus. The Histories. Trans. Kenneth Wellesley. New York: Penguin, 1972.

The Vinland Sagas: The Norse Discovery of America (Graenlendinga Saga and Eirik’s Saga), translated by Magnus Magnusson and Hermann Pálsson. New York: Penguin Books, 1965.

The Voyage of St. Brendan. In The Age of Bede, translated by J.F. Webb and D.H. Farmer, 231–67. Revised ed. New York: Penguin Books, 1998.

Wallace, Birgitta Linderoth. “L’Anse aux Meadows and Vinland.” In Contact, Continuity and Collapse: The Norse Colonization of the North Atlantic, ed. by James H. Barrett, 207–33. Turnhout: Brepols, 2003.

Warner of Rouen, ed. by Christopher J. McDonough. “Moriuht.” Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, 1995.

Wickham, Chris. The Inheritance of Rome: A History of Europe from 400 to 1000. New York: Viking, 2009.

Zosimus. New History. Translated by Ronald T. Ridley. Canberra: Australian Association for Byzantine Studies, 1982

Chapter 10: The Indian Ocean in the Early Muslim Era

Abu Zayd Hasan ibn Yazid al-Sirafi. Concerning the Voyage to the Indies and China. InAncient Accounts of India and China by Two Mohammedan Travellers, Who Went to those Parts in the 9th Century. Trans. Eusebius Renaudot. 1733. Reprint, New Delhi: Asian Education Services, 1995.

Agius, Dionisius A. Classic Ships of Islam: From Mesopotamia to the Indian Ocean. Leiden: Brill, 2008.

Ahmad, S. Maqbul. “Travels of Abu ’l Hasan ‘Ali b. al Husayn al Mas‘udi.” Islamic Culture 28 (1954): 509–24.

Aryasura, and Peter Khoroche. Once the Buddha Was a Monkey: Arya Sura’s Jatakamala. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1989.

Aung-Thwin, Michael. The Mists of Ramañña: The Legend that was Lower Burma. Honolulu: Univ. of Hawai’i Press, 2005.

Baladhuri, al-, Ahmad ibn Yahya (d. 892). The Origins of the Islamic State, being a translation from the Arabic, accompanied with annotations, geographic and historic notes of the Kitâb futûh al-buldân. Translated by Philip Khûri Hitti. Reprint New York: AMS Press, 1968–69.

Bielenstein, Hans. Diplomacy and Trade in the Chinese world, 589–1276. Boston: Brill, 2005.

Blench, Roger. “The Ethnographic Evidence for Long-Distance Contacts between Oceania and East Africa.” In The Indian Ocean in Antiquity, edited by Julian Reade, 417–38. London: Kegan Paul, 1996.

Boomgaard, Southeast Asia: An Environmental History. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2006.

Brett, Michael. The Rise of the Fatimids: The World of the Mediterranean and the Middle East in the Fourth Century of the Hijra, Tenth Century CE. Leiden: Brill, 2001.

Burningham, Nick. “The Borobudur Ship—Design Outline.”www.borobudurshipexpedition.com/design-outline.htm (June 26, 2006).

Buzurg ibn Shahriyar of Ramhormuz. The Book of the Wonders of India: Mainland, Sea and Islands. Translated by G.S.P. Freeman-Grenville. London: East-West Publications, 1981.

Casparis, J.G. de. Selected Inscriptions from the 7th to the 9th Century a.d. Prasasti Indonesia2. Bandung: Masa Baru, 1956.

Chakravarti, Prithwis Chandra. “Naval Warfare in Ancient India.” Indian Historical Quarterly4:4 (1930): 645–64. http://ccbs.ntu.edu.tw/FULLTEXT/JR-ENG/cha.htm

Chakravarti, Ranabir. “Nakhudas and Navittakas: Shipowning Merchants in the West Coast of India (c. ad 1000–1500).” JESHO 43:1 (2000): 35–64.

Chandra, Lokesh, ed. India’s Contribution to World Thought and Culture. Madras: Vivekananda Rock Memorial Committee, 1970.

Chaudhuri, Mamata. “Ship-building in the Yuktikalpataru and Samarangana Sutradara.”Indian Journal of History of Science 1:2 (1976): 137–47.

Chau Ju-kua, ed. by Friedrich Hirth and W.W. Rockhill. Chau Ju-kua: His Work on the Chinese and Arab Trade in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries entitled Chu-fan-chi. 1911. Reprint, Amsterdam: Oriental Press, 1966.

Chittick, Neville. “East African Trade with the Orient.” In D.S. Richards, ed., Islam and the Trade of Asia, 97–104. Oxford: Bruno Cassirer, 1970.

Chittick, Neville. Kilwa: An Islamic Trading City on the East African Coast. Vol. 1, History and Archaeology. Nairobi: British Institute in Eastern Africa, 1974.

Chou Yi-liang, “Tantrism in China.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 8:3/4 (Mar. 1945): 241–332.

Christie, Jan Wisseman. “The Medieval Tamil-language Inscriptions in Southeast Asia and China.” JSEAS 29:2 (1998): 239–68.

Clark, Hugh R. “Muslims and Hindus in the Culture and Morphology of Quanzhou from the Tenth to the Thirteenth Century.” Journal of World History 6:1 (1995) 49–74.

Davis, David Brion. Slavery and Human Progress. New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.

Deloche, Jean. “Iconographic Evidence on the Development of Boat and Ship Structures in India (2nd C. b.c.-15th C. a.d.” In Tradition and Archaeology: Early Maritime Contacts in the Indian Ocean, ed. by Himanshu Prabha Ray and Jean-François Salles, 199–224. New Delhi: Manohar, 1999.

Di Meglio, R. R. “Arab Trade with Indonesia and the Malay Peninsula from the 8th to the 16th Century.” In Islam and the Trade of Asia, ed. by D.S. Richards, 105–36. Oxford: Bruno Cassirer, 1970.

Elliot, H.M., and John Dowson, trans. The History of India, as Told by its Own Historians. The Muhammadan Period. 8 vols. 1867–77. Reprint. New York: AMS Press, 1966.

Encyclopaedia of Islam. Edited by P.J. Bearman, et al. New ed. 12. vols. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1980–.

Flecker, Michael. “A Ninth-Century ad Arab or Indian Shipwreck in Indonesia: First Evidence for Direct Trade with China.” World Archaeology 32:3 (2001): 335–54.

———. “A Ninth-Century ad Arab or Indian Shipwreck in Indonesia: Addendum.” IJNA 37:2 (2008): 384–86.

Gunawardana, R.A.L.H. “Changing Patterns of Navigation in the Indian Ocean and their Impact on Pre-colonial Sri Lanka.” In The Indian Ocean: Explorations in History, Commerce and Politics, edited by Satish Chandra, 54–89. New Delhi: Sage, 1987.

Guy, John S. “Tamil Merchant Guilds and the Quanzhou Trade.” In The Emporium of the World: Maritime Quanzhou, 1000–1400, ed. by Angela Schottenhammer, 283–306. Leiden: Brill, 2000.Top of FormBottom of Form

Hadi Hasan. A History of Persian Navigation. London: Methuen, 1928.

Haeri, Shahla. Law of Desire: Temporary Marriage in Iran. London: Taurus, 1989.

Hall, Kenneth R. “Economic History of Early Southeast Asia.” In Tarling, The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia, 1.1:183–275.

Hall, Kenneth R. Maritime Trade and State Development in Early Southeast Asia. Honolulu: Univ. of Hawai’i Press, 1985.

Hitti, Philip K. History of the Arabs. 10th ed. New York: St. Martin’s, 1970.

Hopkirk, Peter. Foreign Devils on the Silk Road: The Search for the Lost Treasures of Central Asia. New York: Oxford University Press, 1980.

Hourani, George F. Revised and expanded by John Carswell. Arab Seafaring in the Indian Ocean in Ancient and Early Medieval Times. Rev. ed. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995.

Ibn al-Balkhi. Description of the Province of Fars in Persia at the Beginning of the Fourteenth Century A.D. Translated by G. Le Strange. London: Royal Asiatic Society, 1912. http://Persian.Packhum.Org/Persian/. Accessed February 24, 2006.

Ibn Khaldun. The Muqaddimah: An Introduction to History. Translated by Franz Rosenthal. 3 vols. Bollingen Series 43. New York: Pantheon Books, 1958.

Jacq-Hergoualc’h, Michel. The Malay Peninsula Crossroads of the Maritime Silk Road (100 bc-1300 ad). Leiden: Brill, 2002.

Keay, John. India: A History. New York: Grove Press, 2000.

Kulke, Hermann. “The Naval Expeditions of the Cholas.” In Nagapattinam to Suvarnadvipa: Reflections on the Chola Naval Expeditions to Southeast Asia, edited by Hermann Kulke, K. Kesavapany, and Vijay Sakhuja, eds., 1–19. Nagapattinam to Suvarnadvipa Singapore: ISEAS, 2009.

Levy, Howard S. Biography of Huang Ch’ao. Translated by Howard S. Levy. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1955.

Lieberman, Victor. Strange Parallels: Southeast Asia in Global Context, c. 800–1830. 2 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2003–2009.

Lord, Henry. A Display of Two Forraigne Sects in the East Indies: Viz: The Sect of the Banians the Ancient Natiues of India and the Sect of the Persees the Ancient Inhabitants Of Persia. London: Francis Constable, 1630.

Margariti, Roxani Eleni. Aden & the Indian Ocean Trade: 150 Years in the Life of a Medieval Arabian Port. Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press, 2007.

McGrail, Sean. Boats of the World from the Stone Age to Medieval Times. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 2001.

McPherson, Kenneth. The Indian Ocean: A History of People and the Sea. Delhi: Oxford Univ. Press, 1993.

Miksic, John N. Borobudur: Golden Tales of the Buddha. Singapore: Periplus, 1990.

Mookerji, Radhakumud. Indian Shipping: A History of the Sea-Borne Trade and Maritime Activity of the Indian from the Earliest Times. London: Longmans, Green, 1912.

Mott, Lawrence. The Development of the Rudder: A Technological Tale. College Station: Texas A&M Press, 1997.*

Mukund, Kanakalatha. Trading World of the Tamil Merchant: Evolution of Merchant Capitalism in the Coromandel. Chennai: Orient Longman, 1999.

Muqaddasi, Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-. The Best Divisions for Knowledge of the Regions: A Translation of Ahsan al-Taqasim fi Marifat al-Aqalim. Trans. Basil Anthony Collins. Reading, UK: Centre for Muslim Contribution to Civilisation/Garnet, 1994.

Naji, Abdel Jabbar. “Trade Relations between Bahrain and Iraq in the Middle Ages: A Commercial and Political Outline.” In Bahrain through the Ages: The History. Edited by Abdullah bin Khalid al-Khalifa and Michael Rice, 423–44. London: Kegan Paul, 1991.

Nasir-i Khusraw. Book of Travels [Safarnama]. Translated by Wheeler M. Thackston. Costa Mesa, Calif.: Mazda Publishers, 2001.

Peacock, David, and Andrew Peacock. “The Enigma of ‘Aydhab: a Medieval Islamic Port on the Red Sea Coast.” IJNA 37:1 (2008): 32–48.

Risso, Patricia. Merchants and Faith: Muslim Commerce and Culture in the Indian Ocean. Boulder: Westview, 1995.

Rougeulle, Axelle. “Medieval Trade Networks in the Western Indian Ocean (8th-14th centuries): Some Reflections from the Distribution Patterns of Chinese Imports in the Islamic World.” In Tradition and Archaeology: Early Maritime Contacts in the Indian Ocean, edited by Himanshu Prabha Ray and Jean-François Salles, 159–80. New Delhi: Manohar, 1999.

Sen, Tansen. Buddhism, Diplomacy, and Trade: The Realignment of Sino-Indian Relations, 600–1400. Honolulu: Association for Asian Studies and University of Hawai’i Press, 2003.

Spear, Thomas. “Early Swahili History Reconsidered.” International Journal of African Historical Studies 33:2 (2000): 257–90.

Spencer, George W. The Politics of Expansion: The Chola Conquest of Sri Lanka and Sri Vijaya. Madras: New Era, 1983.

Sulayman al-Tajir. Account of India and China. In Arabic Classical Accounts of India and China, translated by S. Maqbul Ahmad. Shimla: Indian Institute of Advanced Study in association with Rddhi-India, Calcutta, 1989.

Tabari, al-. The History of al-Tabari. Vol. 36: The Revolt of the Zanj A.D. 869–879/A.H. 255–265. Translated by David Waines. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1992.

Thapar, Romila. Early India: From the Origins to ad 1300. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press, 2002.

Tibbetts, G. R. Arab Navigation in the Indian Ocean before the Coming of the Portuguese: Being a Translation of Kitab al-Farawa’id fi usul al-bahr wa’l-qawa’id of Ahmad b. Majid al-Najdi. London: Royal Asiatic Society, 1971.

Tibbetts, G. R. “Early Muslim Traders in Southeast Asia.” Journal of the Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 29:3 (1956): 182–208.

Tibbetts, G. R. Study of the Arabic Texts Containing Material on South-East Asia. Leiden: Brill, 1979.

Tomalin, Victoria, V. Selvakumar, M.V. Nair, and P.K. Gopi. “The Thaikkal-Kadakkarappally Boat: an Archaeological Example of Medieval Shipbuilding in the Western Indian Ocean.”IJNA 33:2 (2004): 253–63.

Tripati, Sila. “Ships on Hero Stones from the West Coast of India.” International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 35:1 (2006): 88–96.

Wade, Geoff. “An Early Age of Commerce in Southeast Asia, 900–1300.” JSEAS 40:2 (2009): 221–65.

Wang, Gungwu. The Nanhai Trade: The Early History of Chinese Trade in the South China Sea. Singapore: Times Academic Press, 1998.

Wilkinson, J.C. “Oman and East Africa: New Light on Early Kilwan History from the Omani Sources.” International Journal of African Historical Studies 14:2 (1981): 272–305.

Wilkinson, J.C. “Suhar (Sohar) in the Early Islamic Period: The Written Evidence.” In South Asian Archaeology 1977 (Papers from the Fourth International Conference of the Association of South Asian Archaeologists in Western Europe), edited by Maurizio Taddei, 888–907 (1–21). Naples: Instituto Universitario Orientale, 1979.

Wink, André. Al-Hind: The Making of the Indo-Islamic World. Vol. 1. Early Medieval India and the Expansion of Islam, 7th-11th Centuries. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 2002.

Xuanzang [Hiuen Tsiang] (ca. 600–664). Si-yu-ki: Buddhist Records of the Western World. 2 volumes in 1. Translated by Samuel Beal. Delhi: Oriental Books Reprint Corp., 1969.

Yijing [I-Tsing]. A Record of the Buddhist Religion as Practised in India and the Malay Archipelago (A.D. 671–695). Translated by Junjiro Takakusu. 1896. Reprint Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal, 1966.
and

Zhao Rugua. See Chau Ju-kua.

 

Chapter 11: East and Southeast Asia

Abu Zayd Hasan ibn Yazid al-Sirafi. Concerning the Voyage to the Indies and China. InAncient Accounts of India and China by Two Mohammedan Travellers, Who Went to those Parts in the 9th Century. Trans. Eusebius Renaudot. 1733. Reprint, New Delhi: Asian Education Services, 1995.

Benn, Charles. China’s Golden Age: Everyday Life in the Tang Dynasty. New York: OxfordUniversity Press, 2002.

Bielenstein, Hans. Diplomacy and Trade in the Chinese World 589–1276. Leiden: Brill, 2005.

Bray, Francesca. Agriculture. Science and Civilisation in China, vol. 6, pt. 2, edited by Joseph Needham. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

Brown, Delmer M., ed. The Cambridge History of Japan, vol. 1, Ancient Japan.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Burningham, Nick. “The Borobudur Ship—Design Outline.”www.borobudurshipexpedition.com/design-outline.htm (June 26, 2006).

Buzurg ibn Shahriyar of Ramhormuz. The Book of the Wonders of India: Mainland, Sea andIslands. Translated by G.S.P. Freeman-Grenville. London: East-West Publications, 1981.

Casparis, J.G. de. Selected Inscriptions from the 7th to the 9th Century a.d. Prasasti IndonesiaBandung: Masa Baru, 1956. 2.

Chang Pin-Tsun. “The Formation of a Maritime Convention in Minnan (Southern Fujian), c. 900–1200.” In From the Mediterranean to the China Sea: Miscellaneous Notes, ed. by Claude Guillot, Denys Lombard and Roderich Ptak, 143–55. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1998.

Chin, James K. “Ports, Merchants, Chieftains and Eunuchs: Reading Maritime Commerce of Early Guangdong.” In Guangdong: Archaeology and Early Texts, edited by Shing Müller, Thomas O. Höllmann and Putao Gui, 217–39. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2004.

Clark, Hugh R. Community, Trade and Networks: Southern Fujian from the 3rd to the 13th Centuries. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1991.

Clark, Hugh R. “Frontier Discourse and China’s Maritime Frontier: China’s Frontiers and the Encounter with the Sea through Early Imperial History.” Journal of World History 20:1 (2009): 1–33.

Clark, Hugh R. “Muslims and Hindus in the Culture and Morphology of Quanzhou from the Tenth to the Thirteenth Century.” Journal of World History 6:1 (1995) 49–74.

Dalby, Michael T. “Court Politics in Late T’ang Times.” In The Cambridge History of China, vol. 3, Sui and T’ang China, 589–906, pt. I, edited by Denis Twitchett, 561–681. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 1979.

Elvin, Mark. The Pattern of the Chinese Past. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1973.

Ennin. Ennin’s Diary: The Record of a Pilgrimage to China in Search of the Law. New York: Ronald Press, 1955.

Flecker, Michael. “A Ninth-Century ad Arab or Indian Shipwreck in Indonesia: First Evidence for Direct Trade with China.” World Archaeology 32:3 (2001): 335–54.

Gladney, Dru C. Muslim Chinese: Ethnic Nationalism in the People’s Republic. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 1996.

Graff, David A. Medieval Chinese Warfare, 300–900. London: Routledge, 2002.

Green, Jeremy. “Arabia to China: The Oriental Traditions.” In The Earliest Ships: The Evolution of Boats into Ships, edited by Robert Gardiner and Arne Emil Christensen, chap. 6.Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1996.

Grousset, René. The Empire of the Steppes: A History of Central Asia. New Brunswick:Rutgers University Press, 1970.

Guisso, Richard W.L. “The Reigns of the Empress Wu, Chung-tsung and Jui-tsung (684–712).” In The Cambridge History of China, vol. 3, Sui and T’ang China, 589–906, Part I, edited by Denis Twitchett, 290–332. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979.

Hall, Kenneth R. “Economic History of Early Southeast Asia.” In Cambridge History of Southeast Asia. Vol. 1, pt. 1, From Early Times to c. 1500, edited by Nicholas Tarling, 183–275.New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

———. “Local and International Trade and Traders in the Straits of Melaka Region: 600–1500.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 47:2 (2004): 213–60.

———. Maritime Trade and State Development in Early Southeast Asia. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1985.

Hall, Kenneth R. Trade and Statecraft in the Age of Colas. New Delhi: Abhinav, 1980.

Henthorn, William E. A History of Korea. New York: Free Press, 1971.

Kuwabara, Jitsuzo. “P’u Shou-keng, a Man of the Western Regions, who was Superintendent of the Trading Ships Office in Ch’uan-chou towards the end of the Sung Dynasty.” Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko (The Oriental Library) 2 (1928): 1–79 and 7 (1935): 1–104.

Lee, Kenneth B. Korea and East Asia: The Story of a Phoenix. Westport: Praeger, 1997.

Lee, Ki-baek. A New History of Korea. Translated by Edward W. Wagner, with Edward J. Shultz. Cambridge: Harvard-Yenching Institute by Harvard University Press, 1984.

Levy, Howard S. Biography of Huang Ch’ao. Trans. Howard S. Levy. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press, 1955.

Lien-sheng Yang. Money and Credit in China: A Short History. Harvard-Yenching Institute Monograph 12. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1952.

Li Tana. “A View from the Sea: Perspectives on the Northern and Central Vietnamese Coast.” JSEAS 37:1 (2006): 83–102.

Manguin, Pierre-Yves. “The Archaeology of Early Maritime Polities of Southeast Asia.” InSoutheast Asia from Prehistory to History, edited by Ian C. Glover and Peter Bellwood, 282–313. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2004.

Manguin, Pierre-Yves. “The Southeast Asian Ship, An Historical Approach.” JSEAS 11:2 (1980): 266–76.

———. “Trading Ships of the South China Sea.” Journal of the Economic & Social History of the Orient 36:3 (1993): 253–280.

Manyoshu: The Nippon Gakujutsu Shinkoksi Translation of One Thousand Poems. Translated by Donald Keene New York: Columbia University Press, 1965.

McGrail, Sean. Boats of the World from the Stone Age to Medieval Times. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 2001.

Miksic, John N. “The Classical Cultures of Indonesia.” In Southeast Asia from Prehistory to History, edited by Ian C. Glover and Peter Bellwood, 234–56. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2004.

———. Borobudur: Golden Tales of the Buddha. Singapore: Periplus, 1990.

Mitsusada, Inoue, with Delmer M. Brown. “The Century of Reform.” In The Cambridge History of Japan, vol. 1, Ancient Japan, edited by Delmer M. Brown, 163–220. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Mote, F.W. Imperial China: 900–1800. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999.

Needham, Joseph, with Wang Ling and Lu Gwei-djen. Science and Civilization in China, vol. 4, Physics and Physical Technology, Part III Civil Engineering and Nautics.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 1971.

Nihongi: Chronicles of Japan from the Earliest Times to a.d. 697. Translated by W.G. Aston. 1924. Reprint Rutland, Vt.: Charles E. Tuttle, 1972.

Ouyang Xiu. Biography of Huang Chao. Translated by Howard S. Levy. Berkeley: Universityof California Press, 1955.

Paine, Lincoln. Down East: A Maritime History of Maine. Gardiner: Tilbury House, 2000.

Peterson, C.A. “Court and Province in mid- and late T’ang.” In The Cambridge History of China, vol. 3, Sui and T’ang China, 589–906, Part I, edited by Denis Twitchett, 464–560.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979.

Pulleyblank, Edwin G. The Background of the Rebellion of An Lu-shan. London: OxfordUniversity Press, 1955.

Reischauer, Edwin O. Ennin’s Travels in T’ang China. New York: Ronald Press, 1955.

Schafer, Edward H. The Golden Peaches of Samarkand: A Study of T’ang Exotics.Berkeley:University of California Press, 1963.

———. The Vermilion Bird: T’ang Images of the South. Berkeley: University ofCalifornia Press, 1967. DS749.3 .S3

Shiba, Yoshinobu, and Mark Elvin. Commerce and Society in Sung China. Ann Arbor: Center for Chinese Studies, Univ. of Michigan, 1970.

So, Billy K. L. Prosperity, Region and Institutions in Maritime China: The South Fukien Pattern, 946–1368. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Asia Center, 2000.

So, Kee Long. “Developments in Southern Fukien under the T’ang and the Min.” Journal of African and Oriental Studies 115.3 (1995): 443–51.

Somers, Robert M. “The End of the T’ang.” In The Cambridge History of China, vol. 3, Sui and T’ang China, 589–906, Part I, edited by Denis Twitchett, 682–790. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 1979.

Taylor, Keith Weller. The Birth of Vietnam. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983.

Twitchett, Denis. “A Confucian’s View of the Taxation of Commerce: Ts’ui Jung’s Memorial of 703.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 36.2 (1973): 429–45.

———. Financial Administration under the T’ang Dynasty. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970 (especially chapter 5 of “The Transportation System.”)

———. “Hsüan-tsung (reign 712–56).” In The Cambridge History of China, vol. 3,Sui and T’ang China, 589–906, Part I, edited by Denis Twitchett, 333–463. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 1979.

Twitchett, Denis, and John K. Fairbank, eds. The Cambridge History of China, vol. 3, Sui and T’ang China, 589–906, PartI.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979.

Twitchett, Denis, and Howard J. Wechsler. “Kao-tsung (reign 649–83) and the empress Wu: the inheritor and the usurper.” In The Cambridge History of China, vol. 3, Sui and T’angChina, 589–906, Part I, edited by Denis Twitchett, 242–89. Cambridge: Cambridge UniversityPress, 1979.

Verschuer, Charlotte von. Across the Perilous Sea: Japanese Trade with China and Korea from the Seventh to the Sixteenth Centuries. Trans. Kristen Lee Hunter. Ithaca: Cornell East Asia Series, 2006.

Wallace, Alfred Russel. The Malay Archipelago: The Land of the Orang-utan and the Bird of Paradise; a Narrative of Travel, with Studies of Man and Nature. 10th ed. London: Macmillan, 1902.

Wang Gungwu. The Nanhai Trade: The Early History of Chinese Trade in the South China Sea.2nd ed. Singapore: Times Academic Press, 1998.

Wechsler, Howard J. “T’ai-tsung (reign 626–49) the Consolidator.” In The Cambridge History of China, vol. 3, Sui and T’ang China, 589–906, Part I, edited by Denis Twitchett, 188–241. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979.

Wei Chuang [Zhuang]. “The Lament of the Lady of Ch’in.” In Sunflower Splendor: Three Thousand Years of Chinese Poetry, edited by Wu-chi Liu and Irving Yucheng Lo, 267–81. Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor Books, 1975.

Whitmore, John K. “The Rise of the Coast: Trade, State and Culture in Early Dai Viet.”JSEAS 37:1 (2006): 103–22.

Worcester, G.R.G. The Junkman Smiles. London: Chatto and Windus, 1959.

Worrall, Simon. “China Made: A 1,200-Year-Old Shipwreck Opens a Window on the Ancient Global Trade.” National Geographic 215:6 (2009): 112–22.

Xiong, Victor Cunrui. Sui-Tang Chang’an: A Study in the Urban History of Medieval China. Ann Arbor: Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan, 2000.

Yijing [I-Tsing]. A Record of the Buddhist Religion as Practised in India and the Malay Archipelago (A.D. 671–695). Trans. Junjiro Takakusu. 1896. Reprint, Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal, 1966.

Yoshinobu, Shiba. Commerce and Society in Sung China. Translated by Mark Elvin. Ann Arbor: Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan, 1970.

Zheng, Yangwen. China on the Sea: How the Maritime World Shaped Modern China. Leiden: Brill, 2012.

 

Chapter 12: The Struggle for Europe and the Mediterranean, 1200–1500

Abulafia, David. “Trade and Crusade, 1050–1250.” In Mediterranean Encounters, Economic, Religious, Political, 1100–1550. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000.

Adam of Bremen. History of the Archbishops of Hamburg-Bremen. New York: Columbia University Press, 1959.

Allmand, Christopher. The Hundred Years War: England and France at War c.1300–c.1450.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Anna Comnena. The Alexiad. Translated by E.R.A. Sewter. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1969.

Ascherson, Neal. Black Sea. New York: Hill & Wang, 1995.

Ayalon, D. “The Mamluks and Naval Power: A Phase of the Struggle between Islam and Christian Europe.” Proceedings of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities 1 (1965): 1–12.

Benjamin of Tudela. The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela: Travels in the Middle Ages. Malibu: J. Simon, 1983. Introductions by Michael A. Signer, M.N. Adler and A. Asher.

Bjork, David K. “The Peace of Stralsund, 1370.” Speculum 7 (1932): 447–76.

———. “Piracy in the Baltic, 1375–1398.” Speculum 18:1 (1943): 39–68.

Byrne, Eugene H. “Commercial Contracts of the Genoese in the Syrian Trade of the Twelfth Century.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 31:1 (1916): 128–70.

Charanis, Peter. “Piracy in the Aegean during the Reign of Michael VIII Palaeologus.”Annuaire de l’Institut de Philologie et d’Histoire Orientales et Slaves 10 (1950): 127–36.Reprinted in Social, Economic and Political lLife in the Byzantine Empire: Collected Studies, edited by Peter Charanis. London: Variorum Reprints, 1973.

Chaucer, Geoffrey. Canterbury Tales. Translated by Nevill Coghill. New York: Penguin, 1975.

Choniates, Nicetas. O City of Byzantium: Annals of Nicetas Choniates. Translated by Harry J. Magoulias. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1984.

Constable, Olivia Remie. “The Problem of Jettison in Medieval Mediterranean Maritime Law.” Journal of Medieval History 20 (1994): 207–20.

———. Trade and Traders in Muslim Spain: The Commercial Realignment of the Iberian Peninsula, 900–1500. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Cowdrey, H. E. J. “The Mahdia Campaign of 1087.” English Historical Review 92 (1977): 1–29.

Dante Alighieri. The Divine Comedy of Dante Alighieri, vol. 1, Inferno. Translated by Robert M. Durling. New York: Oxford, 1996.

David, Charles Wendell, trans. The Conquest of Lisbon (De Expugnatione Lyxbonensi). 1936. Reprint New York: Columbia University Press, 2001.

DeVries, K. “God, Leadership, Flemings and Archery: Contemporary Perceptions of Victory and Defeat at the Battle of Sluys, 1340.” American Neptune 55 (1995): 223–42.

Dollinger, Philippe. The German Hansa. Translated by D.S. Ault and S.H. Steinberg. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1970.

Dotson, John E. “Fleet Operations in the First Genoese-Venetian War, 1264–1266.” Viator30 (1999): 165–180.

Ehrenkreutz, A.S. “The Place of Saladin in the Naval History of the Mediterranean Sea.”Journal of the American Oriental Society 75:2 (1955): 100–116.

Evans, Joan. Life in Medieval France. London: Phaidon, 1925.

Frankopan, Peter. “Byzantine Trade Privileges to Venice in the Eleventh Century: The Chrysobull of 1092.” Journal of Medieval History 20 (2004): 135–60.

Gade, John Allyne. The Hanseatic Control of Norwegian Commerce during the Late Middle Ages. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1951.

Gardiner, Robert, and Richard W. Unger, eds. Cogs, Caravels and Galleons: The Sailing Ship 1000–1650. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1994.

Goitein, S. D. “Letters and Documents of the India Trade in Medieval Times.” In Studies in Islamic History and Institutions, 329–50. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1966.

———. “Mediterranean Trade in the Eleventh Century: Some Facts and Problems.” InStudies in the Economic History of the Middle East from the Rise of Islam to the Present Day,edited by M.A. Cook, 51–62. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1970.

———. A Mediterranean Society: The Jewish Communities of the Arab World as Portrayed in the Documents of the Cairo Geniza. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1967.

Hamblin, W. “The Fatimid Navy during the Early Crusades, 1099–1124.” American Neptune46 (1986): 77–84.

Henricus Lettus. The Chronicle of Henry of Livonia. Translated by James A. Brundage. 1961. Reprint New York: Columbia University Press, 2003.

Herlihy, David, edited by Samuel K. Cohn, Jr. The Black Death and the Transformation of the West. Cambridge; Harvard University Press, 1997.

Imber, Colin. The Ottoman Empire, 1300–1650: The Structure of Power. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.

Jackson, Richard P. “From Profit-Sailing to Wage-Sailing: Mediterranean Owner-Captains and their Crews during the Medieval Commercial Revolution.” Journal of European Economic History 18:3 (1989): 605–28.

James, Margery Kirkbride, edited by Elspeth M. Veale. Studies in the Medieval Wine Trade.Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971.

Khalilieh, Hassan S. Islamic Maritime Law: An Introduction. Leiden: Brill, 1998.

King, Charles. The Black Sea: A History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Kirby, David, and Merja-Liisa Hinkkanen. The Baltic and the North Seas. London: Routledge, 2000.

Labib, Subhi. “Egyptian Commercial Policy in the Middle Ages.” In Studies in the Economic History of the Middle East from the Rise of Islam to the Present Day, edited by M.A. Cook, 63–77. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1970.

Lahn, Werner. Die Kogge von Bremen—the Hanse Cog of Bremen. Hamburg: Deutsches Schiffahrtsmuseum, 1992.

Lane, Frederic C. “The Crossbow in the Nautical Revolution of the Middle Ages.” InEconomy, Society, and Government in Medieval Italy: Essays in Memory of Robert L. Reynolds. Edited by David Herlihy, Robert S. Lopez and Vsevolod Slessarev, 35–41. Kent, Ohio: KentState University Press, 1969.

———. “The Economic Meaning of War and Protection.” In Venice and History: The Collected Papers of Frederic C. Lane, edited by Fernand Braudel et al. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1966.

———. Venetian Ships and Shipbuilders of the Renaissance. 1934. ReprintBaltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.

———. Venice: A Maritime Republic. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1973.

Lewis, Archibald R. “Northern European Sea Power and the Straits of Gibraltar, 1031–1350 A.D.” In Order and Innovation in the Middle Ages: Essays in Honor of Joseph R. Strayer, edited by William C. Jordan, Bruce McNab, and Teofilo F. Ruiz, pp. 139–64. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976.

Lopez, Robert S. The Commercial Revolution of the Middle Ages, 950–1350. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976.

———. “European Merchants in the Medieval Indies: The Evidence of Commercial Documents.” Journal of Economic History 3:2 (1943): 164–84.

———. “Majorcans and Genoese on the North Sea Route in the 13th Century.” Revue belge de philologie et d’histoire 29 (1951): 1163–79.

Lopez, Robert S., and Irving W. Raymond. Medieval Trade in the Mediterranean World: Illustrative Documents. New York: Columbia University Press, 1955.

Martines, Lauro. Power and Imagination: City-States in Renaissance Italy. New York: Vintage Books, 1980.

Mead, W. R. “Ribe.” Economic Geography 17:2 (Apr., 1941): 195–203.

Miller, William. “The Zaccaria of Phocaea and Chios (1275–1329).” Journal of Hellenic Studies 31 (1911): 42–55.

Mott, Lawrence V. The Development of the Rudder: A Technological Tale. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1997.

———. Sea Power in the Medieval Mediterranean: The Catalan-Aragonese Fleet in the War of the Sicilian Vespers. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2003.

Oakley, Stewart. A Short History of Denmark. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1972.

Paine, Lincoln P. Ships of the World: An Historical Encyclopedia. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1997.

Pérez-Mallaína, Pablo E. Spain’s Men of the Sea: Daily Life on the Indies Fleets in the Sixteenth Century. Translated by Carla Rahn Phillips. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UniversityPress, 2005.

Pirenne, Henri. Economic and Social History of Medieval Europe. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1937.

Pryor, John H. “From Dromon to Galea: Mediterranean Bireme Galleys, ad 500–1300.” InThe Age of the Galley: Mediterranean Oared Vessels since Pre-Classical Times, edited by Robert Gardiner and John Morrison, 101–16. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1995.

———. “Mediterranean Commerce in the Middle Ages: A Voyage under Contract ofCommenda.Viator 14 (1983): 133–94.

———. “The Naval Battles of Roger of Lauria.” Journal of Medieval History 9 (1983): 179–216.

Pryor, John H., and Elizabeth M. Jeffreys, with Ahmad Shboul. The Age of the Dromon: The Byzantine Navy ca 500–1204. Leiden: Brill, 2006.

Public Record Office. Calendar of the Patent Rolls Preserved in the Public Record Office. Henry IV. A.D. 1399–[1413]. London: H.M. Stationery Office, 1903–09.

Reilly, Bernard F. The Medieval Spains. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Reinert, Stephen W. “The Muslim Presence in Constantinople, 9th-15th Centuries: Some Preliminary Observations.” In Studies on the Internal Diaspora of the Byzantine Empire. Edited by Helene Ahrweiler and Angeliki E. Laiou, 125–150. WashingtonD.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, 1998.

Riley-Smith, Jonathan. The Crusades: A History. 2nd edition. New Haven: Yale UniversityPress, 2005.

Robert of Clari. The Conquest of Constantinople. Translated by Edgar Holmes McNeal. 1936. Reprint Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1996.

Rodger, N. A. M. The Safeguard of the Sea: A Naval History of Britain 660–1649. New York: W. W. Norton, 1998.

Rodgers, W. L. Naval Warfare Under Oars 4th to 16th Centuries: A Study of Strategy, Tactics and Ship Design. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1940.

Roover, Florence Edler de. “Early Examples of Marine Insurance.” Journal of Economic History 5:2 (1945): 172–200.

Schildhauer, Johannes. The Hansa: History and Culture. Leipzig: Edition Leipzig, 1985.

Senior, William. “The Bucentaur.Mariner’s Mirror 15 (1929): 131–38.

Sherborne, J.W. “The Hundred Years’ War—The English Navy: Shipping and Manpower 1369–1389.” Past and Present 37 (1967): 163–75.

Sicking, Louis. “Amphibious Warfare in the Baltic: Holland, the Hansa and the Habsburgs (Fourteenth-Sixteenth Centuries).” In Amphibious Warfare 1000–1700: Commerce, State Formation and European Expansion, edited by Mark Charles Fissel and D.J.B. Trim, 69–101.Leiden: Brill, 2006.

Spufford, Peter. Power and Profit: The Merchant in Medieval Europe. London: Thames & Hudson, 2002.

Sylvester, David G. “Communal Piracy in Medieval England’s Cinque Ports.” In Noble Ideals and Bloody Realities: Warfare in the Middle Ages, edited by Niall Christie and Maya Yazigi, 164–76. Leiden: Brill, 2006.

Thompson, James Westfall. “Early Trade Relations between the Germans and the Slavs.”Journal of Political Economy 30:4 (Aug., 1922): 543–58.

Van Houtte, J.A. “The Rise and Decline of the Market of Bruges.” Economic History Review,n.s., 19:1 (1966): 29–47.

Villehardouin, Conquest of Constantinople. In Joinville and Villehardouin. Chronicles of the Crusades. Translated by Margaret R. B. Shaw. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1963.

Wansbrough, John. “The Safe-Conduct in Muslim Chancery Practice.” Bulletin of theSchool of Oriental and African Studies 34: 1 (1971): 20–35.

William of Tyre. A History of Deeds Done beyond the Sea. 2 vols. Translated by Emily Atwater Babcock and A.C. Krey. 1941. Reprint New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1976.

Williams, John Bryan. “The Making of a Crusade: The Genoese Anti-Muslim Attacks inSpain, 1146–1148.” Journal of Medieval History 23:1 (1997): 29–53.

 

Chapter 13: Maritime Asia, 1100–1500

Abd-er-Razzak. Narrative of the Journey of Abd-er-Razzak, Ambassador from Shah Rokh,a.h. 845, a.d.1442. In India in the Fifteenth Century, edited by Richard Henry Major, 1–49. London: Hakluyt Society, 1857.

Abdu-llah, Wassaf. Tazjiyatu-l Amsar Wa Tajriyatu-l Asar [A Ramble through the Regions and the Passing of Ages]. In The History of India as Told by its Own Historians: The Muhammadan Period, edited by H.M. Elliot and John Dowson, 8 vols., vol. 3, pp. 24–54. 1867–77. Reprint Allahabad: Kitab Mahal, 1964.

Andaya, Leonard Y. “A History of Trade in the Sea of Melayu,” Itinerario 24:1 (2000): 87–110.

Atwood, Christopher P. Encyclopedia of Mongolia and the Mongol Empire. New York : Facts On File, 2004.

Aung-Thwin, Michael. The Mists of Ramañña: The Legend that was Lower Burma. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2005.

———. Myth and History in the Historiography of Early Burma: Paradigms, Primary Sources, and Prejudices. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Center for International Studies, 1998.

Benjamin of Tudela. The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela: Travels in the Middle Ages. Malibu: J. Simon, 1983. Introductions by Michael A. Signer, 1983, Marcus Nathan Adler, 1907, A. Asher, 1840.

Blussé, Leonard. Visible Cities: Canton, Nagasaki, and Batavia and the Coming of the Americans. The Edwin O. Reischauer Lectures. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2008.

Chakravarti, Ranabir. “Early Medieval Bengal and the Trade in Horses: A Note.” Journal of the Economic & Social History of the Orient 42:2 (1999): 194–211.

———. “Nakhudas and Navittakas: Shipowning Merchants in the West Coast of India (c. ad 1000–1500).” Journal of the Economic & Social History of the Orient 43:1 (2000): 35–64.

———. “Overseas Trade in Horses in Early Medieval India: Shipping and Piracy.” In Praci-prabha: Perspective in Indology, edited by D.C. Bhattacharyya and Devendra Handa. Delhi: 1989.

Chau Ju-kua. Chau Ju-kua on the Chinese and Arab Trade in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries. Translated by Frederick Hirth and W. W. Rockhill. 1911–1914. Reprint Amsterdam: Oriental Press, 1966.

Christie, Jan Wisseman. “Asian Sea Trade between the Tenth and Thirteen Centuries and its Impact on the States of Java and Bali.” In Archaeology of Seafaring: The Indian Ocean in the Ancient Period, edited by Himanshu Prabha Ray, 221–70. Delhi: Pragati Publications, 1999.

Clark, Hugh R. “Muslims and Hindus in the Culture and Morphology of Quanzhou from the Tenth to the Thirteenth Century.” Journal of World History 6:1 (1995): 49–74.

Conlan, Thomas D., trans. In Little Need of Divine Intervention: Takezaki Suenaga’s Scrolls of the Mongol Invasions of Japan. Ithaca: Cornell East Asia Series, 2001.

Deng, Gang. Chinese Maritime Activities and Socioeconomic Development c. 2100 B.C.-1900a.d. Westport: Greenwood, 1997.

Dreyer, Edward L. Zheng He: China and the Oceans in the Early Ming, 1405–1433. New York: Pearson-Longman, 2007.

Duyvendak, J. J. L. “The True Dates of the Chinese Maritime Expeditions in the Early Fifteenth Century.” T’oung Pao 34 (1938): 341–412.

Ehrenkreutz, A. S. “The Place of Saladin in the Naval History of the Mediterranean Sea in the Middle Ages.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 72:2 (1955): 100–16.

Fairbank, John King, Edwin O. Reischauer, and Albert M. Craig. East Asia: Tradition and Transformation. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1973.

Forbes, A.D.W. “Southern Arabia and the Islamicisation of the Central Indian Archipelagoes.” Archipel 21 (1981): 55–92.

Gang Deng. Chinese Maritime Activities and Socioeconomic Development, c. 2100 B.C.-1900 A.D. London: Greenwood Press, 1997.

Goitein, S. D. “The Beginnings of the Karim Merchants and the Nature of their Organization.” In Studies in Islamic History and Institutions, 351–60. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1966.

———. “From Aden to India.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient21 (1980): 43–66.

———. “Letters and Documents of the India Trade in Medieval Times.” In Studies in Islamic History and Institutions, 329–50. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1966.

———. “Two Eyewitness Reports on an Expedition of the King of Kish (Qais) against Aden.”Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 16 (1954): 247–57.

———. A Mediterranean Society: The Jewish Communities of the World as Portrayed in the Documents of the Cairo Geniza. 6 vols. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983–99.

Green, J. N. “The Song Dynasty Shipwreck at Quanzhou, Fujian Province, People’s Republic of China.” IJNA 12 (1983): 253–61.

Green, J. N., and Zae Geun Kim. “The Shinan and Wando Sites, Korea: Further Information.” IJNA 18 (1989): 33–41.

Guy, John. “Tamil Merchant Guilds and the Quanzhou Trade.” In The Emporium of the World: Maritime Quanzhou, 1000–1400, edited by Angela Schottenhammer, 283–306. Leiden: Brill, 2000.

Hall, D. G. E. A History of South-East Asia. 3rd ed. New York: St, Martin’s, 1968.

Hall, Kenneth R. “Economic History of Early Southeast Asia.” In The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia, vol. 1, pt. 1, From Early Times to c. 1500. Edited by Nicholas Tarling, 183–275. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

———. Maritime Trade and State Development in Early Southeast Asia. Honululu: University of Hawaii Press, 1985.

Hamblin, William James. “The Fatimid Navy during the Early Crusades: 1099–1124.”American Neptune 46 (1986): 77–83.

Hirth, Frederick, and W. W. Rockhill Chau Ju-kua, trans. Chau Ju-kua on the Chinese and Arab Trade in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries. 1911–14. Reprint Amsterdam: Oriental Press, 1966.

Ibn Battuta. The Travels of Ibn Battuta, a.d. 1325–1354. 5 vols. London: Hakluyt, 1958–2000.

Ibn Jubayr. The Travels of Ibn Jubayr. Translated by R.J.C. Broadhurst. London: Jonathan Cape, 1952.

Keith, Donald H., and Christian J. Buys. “New Light on Medieval Chinese Seagoing Ship Construction.” IJNA 10 (1981): 119–32.

Khalileh, Hassan S. Islamic Maritime Law: An Introduction. Studies in Islamic Law and Society, Vol. 5. Leiden: Brill, 1998.

Kim, H. Edward, and Donald H. Keith. “A 14th-Century Cargo Makes Port at Last.” National Geographic (Aug. 1979): 230–43.

Kuwabara, Jitsuzo. “On P’u Shou-keng, a Man of the Western Regions, who was Superintendent of the Trading Ships Office in Ch’uan-chou towards the end of the Sung Dynasty.” Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko (The Oriental Library) 2 (1928): 1–79, and 7 (1933): 1–104.

Lane, Frederic C. “The Economic Meaning of the Invention of the Compass.” 1963. Reprinted in Venice and History: The Collected Papers of Frederic C. Lane, 331–44. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1966.

Li Guo-Qing. “Arabic Documents from the Red Sea Port of Quseir in the Seventh/Thirteenth Century. Part I: Business Letters.” Journal of Near Eastern Studies 58:3 (1999): 161–90.

———. “Archaeological Evidence for the Use of ‘Chu-Nam’ on the 13th-Century Quanzhou Ship, Fujian Province, China.” IJNA 18 (1989): 277–83.

Lo Jung-Pang. “Chinese Shipping and East-West Trade from the Tenth to the Fourteenth Century.” In Sociétés et compagnies de commerce en Orient et dans l’océan Indien: actes du huitième Colloque international d’histoire maritime (Beyrouth, 5–10 septembre 1966), edited by Michel Mollat, 167–75. Paris, S.E.V.P.E.N., 1970.

———. “Controversy over Grain Conveyance during the Reign of Qubilai Qaqn, 1260–94.”Far Eastern Quarterly 13:3 (1954): 262–85.

———. “The Decline of the Early Ming Navy.” Oriens Extremus. 5 (1958): 149–68.

———. “The Termination of the Early Ming Naval Expeditions.” In Papers in Honour of Professor Woodbridge Bingham, a Festchrift for his Seventy-Fifth Birthday, edited byJames B. Parson. San Francisco: Chinese Materials Center, 1976.

Ma Huan. Ying-yai Sheng-lan, The Overall Survey of the Ocean’s Shores [1433]. Translated by J.V.G. Mills. 1970. Reprint Bangkok: White Lotus, 1997.

Manguin, Pierre-Yves. “Trading Ships of the South China Sea.” JESHO 36:3 (1993): 253–280.

Merwin, Douglas. “Selections from Wen-wu on the Excavation of a Sung Dynasty Seagoing Vessel in Ch’üan-chou.” Chinese Sociology and Anthropology 9 (Spring 1977).

Mukherjee, B. N. The Economic Factors in Kushana History. Calcutta: Pilgrim Publishers, 1970.

Needham, Joseph, with Wang Ling and Kenneth Robinson. Science and Civilization in China. Vol. 4, Physics and Physical Technology. Pt. 1, Physics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1962.

Needham, Joseph, with Wang Ling and Lu Gwei-djen. Science and Civilization in China. Vol. 4, Physics and Physical Technology. Pt. 3, Civil Engineering and Nautics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1971.

Needham, Joseph, et al. Science and Civilisation in China. Vol. 5, Chemistry and Chemical Technology. Pt. 7, Military Technology: The Gunpowder Epic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Odoric of Pordenone. The Travels of Friar Odoric. Translated by Henry Yule. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 2002.

Peterson, Charles A. “Old Illusions and New Realities: Sung Foreign Policy, 1217–1234.” InChina Among Equals: The Middle Kingdom and Its Neighbors 10th-14th Centuries, edited by Morris Rossabi, 204–39. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983.

Polo, Marco. The Travels. Translated by Ronald Latham. New York: Penguin Books, 1958.

Reid, Anthony. “The Rise and Fall of Sino-Javanese Shipping.” In Charting the Shape of Early Modern Southeast Asia, 56–84. Chiang Mai, Thailand: Silkworm Books, 1999.

———. Southeast Asia in the Age of Commerce, 1450–1680: Expansion and Crisis. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993.

———. Southeast Asia in the Age of Commerce 1450–1680: The Lands Below the Winds. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1988.

Rockhill, W. W. “Notes on the Relations and Trade of China with the Eastern Archipelago and the Coast of the Indian Ocean during the Fourteenth Century.” Toung Pao 14 (1913): 471–76; Part I, Toung Pao 15 (1914): 419–47; Part 2, Toung Pao 16 (1915): 64–159, 236–71, 374–92, 435–67, 604–26.

Rossabi, Morris. Khubilai Khan: His Life and Times. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.

Sakamaki, Shunzo. “The Heike: From Defeat at Dannoura to a Golden Age in Ryukyu?”Journal of Asian Studies 27:1 (1967): 155–22.

Schottenhammer, Angela. “The Maritime Trade of Quanzhou (Zaitun) from the Ninth through the Thirteenth Century.” In Archaeology of Seafaring: The Indian Ocean in the Ancient Period, edited by Himanshu Prabha Ray, 271–90. Delhi: Pragati Publications, 1999.

Schurmann, Herbert Franz. Economic Structure of the Yüan Dynasty: Translation of Chapter 93 and 94 of the Yüan Shih. Harvard-Yenching Institute Studies 16. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1967.

Sedyawati, Edi. “The State Formation of Kadiri.” In State and Trade in the Indonesian Archipelago, edited by G.J. Schutte, 7–16. Leiden: KITLV, 1994.

Serjeant, R. B. “Yemeni Merchants and Trade in Yemen, 13th-16th Centuries.” In Society and Trade in South Arabia, edited by G. Rex Smith, I:61–82. Brookfield, Vt.: Ashfield, 1996.

Sewell, Robert. A Forgotten Empire (Vijayanagar): A Contribution to the History of India. New Delhi: Asian Educational Services, 1982.

Sleeswyck, André Wegener. “The Liao and the Displacement of Ships in the Ming Navy.”Mariner’s Mirror 82:1 (Feb. 1996): 3–13.

Souyri, Pierre Francois, translated by Kathe Roth. The World Turned Upside Down: Medieval Japanese Society. New York: Columbia University Press, 2001.

Stern, S. M. “Ramisht of Siraf: A Merchant Millionaire of the Twelfth Century.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, 2nd ser. (1967): 10–14.

Subrahmanyam, Sanjay. “Of Imarat and Tijarat: Asian Merchants and State Power in the Western Indian Ocean, 1400 to 1750.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 37:4. (1995): 750–80.

Taylor, Keith W. “The Early Kingdoms.” In The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia, vol. 1, pt. 1, From Early Times to c. 1500. Edited by Nicholas Tarling, 137–82. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Tibbetts, G. R. Arab Navigation in the Indian Ocean Before the Coming of the Portuguese. Being a translation of Kitab al-Fawa’id fi usul al-bahr wa’l-qawa’id of Ahmad b. Majid al-Najdi. London: Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, 1971.

———. A Study of the Arabic Texts Containing Material on South-East Asia. Leiden: Brill, 1979.

Verschuer, Charlotte von. Across the Perilous Sea: Japanese trade with China and Korea from the Seventh to the Sixteenth Centuries. Translated by Kristen Lee Hunter. Ithaca: Cornell East Asia Series, 2006.

Wake, C. H. H. “Changing Pattern of Europe’s Pepper and Spice Imports, ca. 1400–1700.” Journal of European Economic History 8:2 (1979): 361–404.

Wang Gungwu. “Merchants without Empires: The Hokkien Sojourning Communities.” 1990. Reprinted in China and the Chinese Overseas, 87–111. Singapore: Eastern Universities Press, 2003.

———. “‘Public’ and ‘Private’ Overseas Trade in Chinese History.” 1970. Reprinted in China and the Chinese Overseas, 129–43. Singapore: Eastern Universities Press, 2003.

Wicks, Robert S. Money, Markets, and Trade in Early Southeast Asia: The Development of indigenous Monetary Systems to ad 1400. Ithaca: Southeast Asia Program, 1992.

Wilson, Arnold T. The Persian Gulf: An Historical Sketch from the Earliest Times to the Beginning of the Twentieth Century. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954.

Wink, André. Al-Hind: The Making of the Indo-Islamic World. Vol. 2. The Slave Kings and the Islamic Conquest, 11th-13th Centuries. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1996.

Winstedt, Richard, and P. E. De Josselin de Jong. “The Maritime Laws of Malacca.” Journal of the Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 29:3 (1956): 22–59.

Wolters, O. W. Early Indonesian Commerce. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1967.

Yule, Henry, trans. and ed. Cathay and the Way Thither. New edition, revised by Henri Cordier. Vol. 3, Letters and Reports of Missionary Friars from Cathay and India, 1292–1338, etc. London: Hakluyt Society, 1914.

 

Chapter 14: The World Encompassed, 15th-16th Centuries

Abulafia, David. “Commerce and the Kingdom of Majorca, 1150–1450.” In Iberia and the Mediterranean World of the Middle Ages: Essays in Honor of Robert I. Burns S.J., vol. 2:Proceedings from “Spain and the Western Mediterranean”, edited by Paul E. Chevedden, Donald J. Kagay and Paul G. Padilla. Leiden: Brill, 345–77.

———. “Neolithic Meets Medieval: First Encounters in the Canary Islands.” InMedieval Frontiers: Concepts and Practices, edited by David Abulafia, pp. 173–94. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2002.

Camoens, Luis Vaz de. The Lusiads. Translated by William C. Atkinson. 1952. Reprint Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1973.

Casas, Bartolomé de Las. Las Casas on Columbus: Background and the Second and Fourth Voyages. Translated by Nigel Griffin. Repertorium Columbianum 7. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 1999.

Chaucer, Geoffrey. Canterbury Tales. Translated by Nevill Coghill. New York: Penguin, 1975.

Colon, Fernando. The Life of the Admiral Christopher Columbus by his Son Ferdinand.Translated by Benjamin Keen. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1959.

Crone, G. R., ed. and trans. The Voyages of Cadamosto and Other Documents on Western Africa in the Second Half of the Fifteenth Century. London: Hakluyt Society, 1937.

Davenport, Frances Gardiner, ed. European Treaties bearing on the History of the United States and its Dependencies to 1648. Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1917.

Diffie, Bailey W., and George D. Winius. Foundations of the Portuguese Empire 1415–1580. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1977.

Elbl, Martin. “The Caravel.” In Cogs, Caravels and Galleons, edited by Richard W. Unger, 91–98. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1994.

Ellmers, Detlev. “The Cog as Cargo Carrier.” In Cogs, Caravels and Galleons, edited by Richard W. Unger, 29–46. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1994.

Epstein, Steven A. Genoa and the Genoese, 958–1528. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.

Fernández-Armesto, Felipe. Amerigo: The Man Who Gave His Name to America. London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 2006.

———. Before Columbus: Exploration and Colonization from theMediterranean to the Atlantic 1229–1492. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1987.

———. Columbus. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

———. “Medieval Atlantic Exploration: The Evidence of the Maps.” InPortugal, the Pathfinder: Journeys from the Medieval Towards the Modern World 1300–ca. 1600, edited by George D. Winius, 40–70. Madison: Hispanic Seminary of Medieval Studies, 1995.

———. “Spanish Atlantic Voyages and Conquests before Columbus.” In Maritime History.Vol. I, The Age of Discovery, edited by John B. Hattendorf, 137–47.Malabar, Fla.: Krieger Publishing, 1996.

Friel, Ian. “The Carrack.” In Cogs, Caravels and Galleons, edited by Richard W. Unger, 77–90. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1994.

Greenlee, William Brooks, ed. and trans. The Voyage of Pedro Alvares Cabral to Brazil and India, from Contemporary Documents and Narratives. London: Hakluyt Society, 1938.

Jados, Stanley S. Consulate of the Sea, and Related Documents. University, Ala.: University of Alabama Press, 1975.

Jane, Cecil, ed. Select Documents Illustrating the Four Voyages of Columbus. 2 vols. London: Hakluyt Society, 1930–33.

Jonkers, A. R. T. “Sailing Directions.” In The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History, edited by John Hattendorf, 3:457–63. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Linden, H. Vander. “Alexander VI and the Demarcation of the Maritime and Colonial Domains of Spain and Portugal, 1493–1494.” American Historical Review 22:1 (1916): 1–20.

Mancke, Elizabeth. “Oceanic Space and the Creation of a Global International System, 1450–1800.” In Maritime History as World History, edited by Daniel Finamore. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2004.

Mitchell, Mairin. Friar Andrés de Urdaneta, O.S.A. London: Macdonald and Evans, 1964.

Morison, Samuel Eliot. The European Discovery of America: The Northern Voyages, A.D. 500–1600. New York: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Nader, Helen. Rights of Discovery: Christopher Columbus’s Final Appeal to King Fernando. Facsimile, Transcription, Translation and Critical Edition of the John Carter Brown Library’s Spanish Codex I. Cali/Providence: Carvajal S.A./John Carter Brown Library, 1992.

Northrup, David. Africa’s Discovery of Europe: 1450–1850. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Paselk, Richard A. “Navigational Instruments: Measurement of Altitude.” In The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History, edited by John Hattendorf, 3:29–42. New York; Oxford University Press, 2007.

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Phillips, William D., Jr., and Carla Rahn Phillips. The Worlds of Christopher Columbus.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

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Purchas, Samuel. Hakluytus Posthumus, or Purchas His Pilgrimes, Contayning a History of the World in Sea Voyages and Lande Travells by Englishmen and Others. 20 vols. 1625. Reprint Glasgow: James MacLehose and Sons, 1905–1907.

Radulet, Carmen. “Vasco da Gama and His Successors.” In Portugal, the Pathfinder: Journeys from the Medieval Towards the Modern World 1300–ca. 1600, edited by George D. Winius, 133–43. Madison: Hispanic Seminary of Medieval Studies, 1995.

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Woodward, David. “Medieval Mappaemundi.” In The History of Cartography. Vol. I,Cartography in Prehistoric, Ancient, and Medieval Europe and the Mediterranean, edited by J.B. Harley and David Woodward, 286–370. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

 

Chapter 15: The Birth of Global Trade in the Fifteenth Century

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Blussé, Leonard. Visible Cities: Canton, Nagasaki, and Batavia and the Coming of the Americans. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2008.

Bondioli, Mauro, René Burlet, and André Zysberg. “Oar Mechanics and Oar Power in Medieval and Later Galleys.” In The Age of the Galley: Mediterranean Oared Vessels since Pre-classical Times. Edited by Robert Gardiner and John Morrison. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1995.

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Cañizares -Esguerrra, Jorge. How to Write a History of the New World: Histories, Epistemologies and Identities in the Eighteenth-Century Atlantic World. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001.

Capponi, Niccolo. Victory of the West: The Great Christian-Muslim Clash at the Battle of Lepanto. New York: Da Capo, 2007.

Casale, Giancarlo. “Global Politics in the 1580s: One Canal, Twenty Thousand Cannibals, and an Ottoman Plot to Rule the World.” Journal of World History 13:3 (2007): 267–96.

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———. “The Ottoman Administration of the Spice Trade in the Sixteenth-Century Red Sea and Persian Gulf.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient49:2 (May 2006): 170–98.

———. “Ottoman Guerre de Course and the Indian Ocean Spice Trade.”Itinerario.Forthcoming.

Castro, Filipe. “Rising and Narrowing: 16th-Century Portuguese Geometric Algorithms Used to Design the Bottom of Ships in Portugal.” International Journal of Nautical Archaeology36:1 (2007): 148–54.

Chaudhuri, K. N. “Surat Revisited: A Tribute to Ashin Das Gupta.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 43:1 (2000): 18–22.

Cook, Noble David. Born to Die: Disease and New World Conquest, 1492–1650. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Corbett, Julian Stafford. The Successors of Drake. London: Longmans, Green, 1916.

Diffie, Bailey W., and George D. Winius. Foundations of the Portuguese Empire, 1415–1580. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1977.

Domingues, Francisco Contente. “The State of Portuguese Naval Forces in the Sixteenth Century.” In War at Sea in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, edited by John B. Hattendorf and Richard W. Unger, 187–98. Rochester, NY: Boydell Press, 2003.

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Earle, T. F., and John Villiers, eds. and trans. Albuquerque: Caesar of the East—Selected Texts by Afonso de Albuquerque and His Son. Warminster: Aris and Phillips, 1990.

Elbl, Martin, and Carla Rahn Phillips. “The Caravel and the Galleon.” In Cogs, Caravels and Galleons: The Sailing Ship, 1000–1650. Edited by Robert Gardiner and Richard W. Unger, 91–114. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1995.

Elisonas, Jurgis. “The Inseparable Trinity: Japan’s Relations with China and Korea.” In Hall, John Whitney, ed. The Cambridge History of Japan, vol. 4, Early Modern Japan, 235–300. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

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Faroqhi, Suraiya. Ottoman Empire and the World Around It. London: I.B. Tauris & Company, 2005.

Fernández-Armesto, Felipe. Amerigo: The Man Who Gave His Name to America. London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 2006.

Friel, Ian. “Oars, Sails and Guns: The English and War at Sea, c. 1200–c. 1500.” In War at Sea in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, edited by John B. Hattendorf and Richard W. Unger, 69–79. Rochester, NY: Boydell Press, 2003.

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Genignani, Marco. “The Navies of the Medici: The Florentine Navy and the Navy of the Sacred Military Order of St Stephen, 1547–1648.” In War at Sea in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, edited by John B. Hattendorf and Richard W. Unger, 169–86. Rochester, NY: Boydell Press, 2003.

Glete, Jan. “Naval Power and Control of the Sea in the Baltic in the Sixteenth Century.” InWar at Sea in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, edited by John B. Hattendorf and Richard W. Unger, 217–32. Rochester, NY: Boydell Press, 2003.

———. Warfare at Sea, 1500–1650: Maritime Conflict and the Transformation of Europe.London: UCL Press, 2000.

Goodman, David J. Spanish Naval Power, 1589–1665: Reconstruction and Defeat. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Ha, Tae-hung, tr., and Sohn Pow-key, ed. Imjin Changch’o: Admiral Yi Sun-sin’s Memorials to Court. Seoul: Yonsei University Press, 1981.

Imber, Colin. The Ottoman Empire. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.

Inalcik, Halil. “The Ottoman State: Economy and Society, 1300–1600.” In An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire, 1300–1914, edited by Halil Inalcik with Donald Quataert, vol. 1, pp. 9–410. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Isom-Verhaaren, Christine. “‘Barbarossa and His Army Who Came to Succor All of Us’: Ottoman and French Views of Their Joint Campaign of 1543–1544.” French Historical Studies30:3 (2007): 395–425.

Israel, Jonathan Irvine. Dutch Primacy in World Trade, 1585–1740. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989.

Kagan, Richard L. Spanish Cities of the Golden Age: The Views of Anton van den Wyngaerde. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989.

Kerner, Robert J. The Urge to the Sea: The Course of Russian History—The Role of Rivers, Portages, Ostrogs, Monasteries and Furs. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1942.

Klarwill, Victor von, ed. The Fugger News-Letters: Being a Selection of Unpublished Letters of the House of Fugger during the Years 1568–1605. Translated by Pauline de Chary. London: John Lane, 1924.

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Schurz, William Lytle. The Manila Galleon. 1939. Reprint, Manila: Historical Conservation Society, 1985.

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Chapter 16: The Maritime Power in the Seventeenth Century

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———. Maritime India in the Seventeenth Century. Delhi: Oxford Univ. Press, 1994.

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———. Visible Cities: Canton, Nagasaki, and Batavia and the coming of the Americans. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 2008.

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Horn, James, and Philip D. Morgan. “Settlers and Slaves: European and African Migration to Early Modern British America.” In The Creation of the British Atlantic World, ed. by Elizabeth Mancke and Carole Shammas, 19–44. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 2005.

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Prakash, Om. “The Indian Maritime Merchant, 1500–1800.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 47:3 (2004): 436–57.

Qaisar, A. Jan. “Shipbuilding in the Mughal Empire during the Seventeenth Century.”Indian Economic and Social History Review 5 (1968): 149–70.

Quinn, David B., ed. The Voyages and Colonising Enterprises of Sir Humphrey Gilbert. London: Hakluyt Society, 1940.

Quinn, David B., and Alison M. Quinn. The English New England Voyages, 1602–1608. London: Hakluyt Society, 1983.

Reed, Robert R. “The Colonial Origins of Manila and Batavia: Desultory Notes on Nascent Metropolitan Primacy and Urban Systems in Southeast Asia.” Asian Studies (Quezon City) 5 (1967): 543–62.

Ritchie, Robert C. Captain Kidd and the War against the Pirates. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 1986.

Rodger, N. A. M. The Command of the Ocean: A Naval History of Britain, 1649–1815. New York: Norton, 2005.

———. The Safeguard of the Sea: A Naval History of Britain 660–1649. New York: Norton, 1998.

Riess, Warren C. “Angel Gabriel”: The Elusive English Galleon. Bristol, Me.: 1797 House, 2001.

Shapinsky, Peter D. “Polyvocal Portolans: Nautical Charts and Hybrid Maritime Cultures in Early Modern East Asia.” Early Modern Japan 14 (2006): 4–26.

Sharpe, Kevin. The Personal Rule of Charles I. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1992.

Shimada, Ryuto. The Intra-Asian Trade in Japanese Copper by the Dutch East India Company. Leiden: Brill/TANAP, 2006.

Smith, John. A Description of New England. London, 1616.

Steensgaard, Niels. The Asian Trade Revolution of the Seventeenth Century: the East India Companies and the Decline of the Caravan Trade. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1974.

Stradling, R.A. The Armada of Flanders: Spanish Maritime Policy and European War, 1568–1668. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1992.

Struve, Lynn A. “The Southern Ming, 1644–1662.” In The Cambridge History of China, vol. 7,The Ming Dynasty, 1368–1644, part 1, ed. by Frederick W. Mote and Denis Twitchett, 641–725.

Surrey, Nancy Maria Miller. The Commerce of Louisiana during the French Régime, 1699–1763. New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1916.

Thornton, Helen. “John Selden’s Response to Hugo Grotius.” International Journal of Maritime History 18:2 (2006): 105–28.

Thrush, Andrew. “In Search of the Frigate, 1603–40.” Historical Research 64 (1991): 29–45.

Ts’ao Yung-Ho. “Taiwan as an Entrepot in East Asia in the Seventeenth Century.”Itinerario21:3 (1997): 94–114.

Tsuruta, Kei. “The Establishment and Characteristics of the ‘Tsushima Gate’.” Acta Asiatica67 (1994): 30–48.

Unger, Richard W. “Dutch Herring, Technology, and International Trade in the Seventeenth Century.” In Ships and shipping in the North Sea and Atlantic, 1400–1800, 18: 253–79. Ashgate: Variorum, 1997.

———. “The Netherlands Herring Fishery in the Late Middle Ages: The False Legend of Willem Beukels of Biervliet.” In Ships and shipping in the North Sea and Atlantic, 1400–1800, 17: 335–56. Ashgate: Variorum, 1997.

Wills, John E., Jr. “Maritime China.” In From Ming to Ching: Conquest, Region, and Continuity in Seventeenth-Century China, ed. by Jonathan D. Spence and John E. Wills, Jr., 201–38. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1979.

Winthrop, John. The Journal of John Winthrop, 1630–1649, ed. by Richard S. Dunn, James Savage, and Laetitia Yeandle. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 1996.

 

Chapter 17: Northern Europe Ascendant

Andrewes, William J. H. “Even Newton Could Be Wrong: The Story of Harrison’s First Three Sea Clocks.” In Andrewes, ed., The Quest for Longitude, 190–233.

Anson, George. A Voyage Round the World in the Years MDCCXL, I, II, III, IV. Ed. Glyndwr Williams. London: Oxford Univ. Press, 1974.

Aubrey, Philip. Defeat of James Stuart’s Armada. Totowa: Rowman & Littlefield, 1979.

Bartholomew, Michael. “James Lind and Scurvy: A Revaluation.” Journal for Maritime Research January 2002. http://www.jmr.nmm.ac.uk/server/show/conJmrArticle.3

Baugh, Daniel. The Global Seven Years War, 1754–1763: Britain and France in a Great Power Contest. London: Pearson, 2011.

Beaglehole, J. C. The Exploration of the Pacific. 3rd ed. Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press, 1966.

Blussé, Leonard. “Chinese Century: The Eighteenth Century in the China Sea Region.”Archipel 58 (1999): 107–29.

———. Visible Cities: Canton, Nagasaki, and Batavia and the coming of the Americans. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 2008.

Bougainville, Louis-Antoine de. Pacific Journal of Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, 1767–68.Ed. by John Dunmore. London: Hakluyt, 2002.

Boxer, C.R. The Dutch Seaborne Empire, 1600–1800. New York: Penguin, 1965.

Brewer, John. Sinews of Power: War, Money, and the English State, 1688–1783. New York: Knopf, 1989.

Byron, John. Byron’s Journal of His Circumnavigation, 1764–1766. Ed. Robert E. Gallagher. Cambridge: Hakluyt, 1946.

Chapelle, Howard I. The History of American Sailing Ships. 1935. Reprint, New York: Bonanza, 1982.

Coleman, Terry. The Nelson Touch: The Life and Legend of Horatio Nelson. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 2002.

Cook, James. The Journals of Captain James Cook on His Voyages of Discovery, ed. by J.C. Beaglehole and R.A. Skelton. 4 vols. Cambridge: Hakluyt, 1955–74.

Davis, Ralph. The Rise of the English Shipping Industry in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. London: Macmillan, 1962.

Duffy, John. “The Passage to the Colonies.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 38:1 (1951): 21–38.

Dull, Jonathan R. The French Navy and American Independence: A Study of Arms and Diplomacy 1774–1787. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1975.

Esmer, Ahmed Sükrü. “The Straits: Crux of World Politics.” Foreign Affairs 25 (1947): 290–302.

Falconbridge, Alexander. An Account of the Slave Trade on the Coast of Africa. London, 1788.

Falconer, William. An Universal Dictionary of the Marine. London, 1780.

Ferreiro, Larrie D. Ships and Science: The Birth of Naval Architecture in the Scientific Revolution, 1600–1800. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2007.

Forrest, Thomas. A Voyage to New Guinea and the Moluccas, 1774–1776. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford Univ. Press, 1969.

Frost, Alan. “James Mario Matra: Voyager with Cook.” Commonplace 5:2 (2005):www.common-place.org.

Frost, O. W. Bering: The Russian Discovery of America. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 2003.

Garland, Charles, and Herbert S. Klein. “The Allotment of Space for Slaves aboard Eighteenth-Century British Slave Ships.” William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Ser., 42:2 (1985): 238–48.

Glete, Jan. Navies and Nations: Warships, Navies, and State Building in Europe and America, 1500–1860. Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis. Stockholm studies in history, 48. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell International, 1993.

Gratzer, W. B. Terrors of the Table: The Curious History of Nutrition. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 2005.

Habib, Irfan. “The Eighteenth Century in Indian Economic History.” In Blussé and Gaastra, eds., On the Eighteenth Century as a Category of Asian History, 217–36.

Hagan, Kenneth J. This People’s Navy: The Making of American Sea Power. New York: Free Press, 1991.

Handler, J. S. “Survivors of the Middle Passage: Life Histories, of Enslaved Africans in British America.” Slavery & Abolition 23:1 (2002): 25–56.

Harding, Richard. The Emergence of Britain’s Global Naval Supremacy The War of 1739–1748. Woodbridge: Boydell, 2010.

Hawkesworth, John. An Account of the Voyages Undertaken by the Order of His Present Majesty for Making Discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere. 4 vols. 3rd ed. London, 1785.

Haycox, Stephen W. Alaska: An American Colony. Seattle: Univ. of Washington Press, 2002.

Hoffman, Philip G. “Australia’s Debt to the American Revolution.” Historian 17:2 (1954): 143–56.

Horn, James, and Philip D. Morgan. “Settlers and Slaves: European and African Migration to Early Modern British America.” In The Creation of the British Atlantic World, ed. by Elizabeth Mancke and Carole Shammas, 19–44. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 2005.

Howse, Derek. “The Lunar-Distance Method of Measuring Longitude.” In Andrewes, ed.,The Quest for Longitude, 150–61.

Hsü, Immanuel C.Y. The Rise of Modern China. 4th ed. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1990.

Hughes, Lindsey. Peter the Great: A Biography. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 2002.

Israel, Jonathan Irvine. Dutch Primacy in World Trade, 1585–1740. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989.

Keay, John. The Honourable Company: A History of the English East India Company. London: HarperCollins, 1995.

Kennedy, Paul M. The Rise and Fall of British Naval Mastery. London: Ashfield Press, 1987.

King, Andrew L. “‘John Harrison, Clockmaker at Barrow; Near Barton upon Humber; Lincolnshire’: The Wooden Clocks, 1713–1730.” In Andrewes, ed., The Quest for Longitude, 168–87.

King, Charles. The Black Sea: A History. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 2004.

Klooster, Wim. Illicit Riches. Leiden: KITLV, 1998.

Knight, Roger. The Pursuit of Victory: The Life and Achievement of Horatio Nelson. New York: Basic Books, 2005.

Koeman, Cornelis, Günter Schilder, Marco van Egmond, et al., “Commercial Cartography and Map Production in the Low Countries, 1500–ca. 1672.” In The History of Cartography. Vol. 3, Cartography in the Renaissance, ed. by David Woodward, 1296–1383. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.

Labaree, Benjamin Woods. The Boston Tea Party. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1964.

Leamon, James S. Revolution Downeast: The War for American Independence in Maine. Amherst: Univ. of Massachusetts Press, 1993.

Lee, Edwin. Singapore: The Unexpected Nation. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2008.

Lind, James. An Essay, on the Most Effectual Means, of Preserving the Health of Seamen, in the Royal Navy. Containing, Cautions Necessary for Those Who Reside in, or Visit, Unhealthy Situations; with Directions, Proper for the Security of All Such, As Attend Sick Persons in Fevers. And an Appendix of Observations, on the Treatment of Diseases in Hot Climates. London, 1757.

Lloyd, Christopher. “Victualling of the Fleet in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries.” In Starving Sailors: The Influence of Nutrition Upon Naval and Maritime History, J. Watt, E.J. Freeman and W. F. Bynum (eds.), 9–15. London: National Maritime Museum, 1981.

LoGerfo, James W. “Sir William Dolben and ‘The Cause of Humanity’: The Passage of the Slave Trade Regulation Act of 1788.” Eighteenth-Century Studies 6:4 (1973): 431–51.

Madariaga, Isabel de. Catherine the Great: A Short History. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1990.

Magra, Christopher. The Fisherman’s Cause: Atlantic Commerce and Maritime Dimensions of the American Revolution. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Mahan, Alfred Thayer. The Influence of Sea Power upon History 1600–1783. 5th ed. 1894. Reprint, New York: Dover, 1987.

Marshall, P. J. “Introduction.” In Oxford History of the British Empire. Vol. 2, The Eighteenth Century, 1–27. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1998.

Miller, David E. “Maritime Fur Trade Rivalry in the Pacific Northwest.” Historian (1959): 392–408.

Mittelberger, Gottlieb. Journey to Pennsylvania. Cambridge: Belknap, 1960.

Morgan, Robert J. “Des Barres, Joseph Frederick Wallet.” Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?BioId=36955

Morison, Samuel Eliot. Maritime History of Massachusetts, 1783–1860. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1941.

Morison, Samuel Eliot, Henry Steele Commager, and William Leuchtenberg. A Concise History of the American Republic. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1979.

Murat, Inès. Colbert. Charlottesville: Univ. Press of Virginia, 1984.

Nester, William R. The Great Frontier War: Britain, France, and the Imperial Struggle for North America, 1607–1755. Westport: Greenwood, 2000.

O’Brian, Patrick. Joseph Banks: A Life. Boston: Godine, 1993.

Olsen, Wallace M. Through Spanish Eyes: The Spanish Voyages to Alaska, 1774–1792. Auke Bay, Alaska: Heritage Research, 2002.

Pack, James. Nelson’s Blood: The Story of Naval Rum. Stroud: Sutton, 1995.

Padfield, Peter. Maritime Supremacy. Woodstock: Overlook, 2000.

Paine, Lincoln P. Ships of the World: An Historical Encyclopedia. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1997.

Pérez-Mallaína, Pablo E. Spain’s Men of the Sea: Daily Life on the Indies Fleets in the Sixteenth Century. Trans. Carla Rahn Phillips. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1998.

Petrie, Donald A. The Prize Game: Lawful Looting on the High Seas in the Days of Fighting Sail. Annapolis: Naval Institute, 1999.

Phillips, E. J. The Founding of Russia’s Navy: Peter the Great and the Azov Fleet, 1688–1714.Westport: Greenwood, 1993.

Pilgrim, Donald. “The Colbert-Seignelay Naval Reforms and the Beginnings of the War of the League of Augsburg.” French Historical Studies 9:2 (1975): 235–62.

Prakash, Om. “Trade and Politics in Eighteenth-Century Bengal.” In On the Eighteenth Century as a Category of Asian History: Van Leur in Retrospect, ed. by Leonard Blussé and Femme Gaastra, 237–60. Aldershot: Ashgate, 1992.

Randall, Anthony G. “The Timekeeper that Won the Longitude Prize.” In Andrewes, ed., The Quest for Longitude, 236–54.

Ray, Rajat Kanta. “Indian Society and British Supremacy.” In The Oxford History of the British Empire. Vol. 2, The Eighteenth Century, 508–29. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1998.

Ritchie, G. S. The Admiralty Chart: British Naval Hydrography in the Nineteenth Century. London: Hollis & Carter, 1967.

Rodger, N. A. M. The Command of the Ocean: A Naval History of Britain, 1649–1815. New York: Norton, 2005.

———. The Wooden World: An Anatomy of the Georgian Navy. New York: Norton, 1996.

Ryan, W. F. “Peter the Great and English Maritime Technology.” In Peter the Great and the West: New Perspectives, ed. by Lindsey Hughes, 130–58. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2000.

Sail Training Assoc. of Western Australia website. Duyfken 1606 Replica Foundation,http://www.stawa.org.au/linksmain.html.

Schilder, Günter, and Marco van Egmond, “Maritime Cartography in the Low Countries during the Renaissance.” In The History of Cartography. Vol. 3, Cartography in the Renaissance, ed. by David Woodward, 1384–1432. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.

Schom, Alan. Trafalgar: Countdown to Battle 1803–1805. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1990.

Shepherd, James F., and Gary M. Walton. Shipping, Maritime Trade and the Economic Development of Colonial North America. Cambridge: Univ. Press, 1972.

Smith, Bernard. European Vision and the South Pacific. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985.

Strachan, Michael, comp. The East India Company Journals of Captain William Keeling and Master Thomas Bonner, 1615–1617, ed. by Michael Strachan and Boies Penrose. Minneapolis: Univ. of Minnesota Press, 1971.

Taylor, E. G. R. The Haven-Finding Art: A History of Navigation from Odysseus to Captain Cook. New York: Abelard-Schuman, 1957.

Thomas, Hugh. Slave Trade: The Story of the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1440–1870. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997.

Thompson, Leonard Monteath. A History of South Africa. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1990.

Turner, A. J. “In the Wake of the Act, but Mainly Before,” 122. In Andrews, ed., The Quest for Longitude.

Tyacke, Sarah. “Chartmaking in England and Its Context, 1500–1660.” In The History of Cartography. Vol. 3, Cartography in the Renaissance, ed. by David Woodward, 1722–53. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.

Walter, Richard, George Anson Anson, and S. W. G. Pack. Lord Anson’s Voyage Round the World, 1740-1744. West Drayton, Middlesex, Eng: Penguin Books, 1947.

Walton, Gary M. “Sources of Productivity Change in American Colonial Shipping, 1675–1775.” Economic History Review, New Series, 20:1 (1967): 67–78.

Wang Gungwu. “Merchants without Empire: The Hokkien Sojourning Communities.” The Rise of Merchant Empires: Long-Distance Trade in the Early Modern World, 1350–1750, ed. James D. Tracy, 400–21. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1990.

Warner, Richard. “British Merchants and Russian Men-of-War: The Rise of the Russian Baltic Fleet.” In Peter the Great and the West: New Perspectives, ed. by Lindsey Hughes, 105–17. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2001.

Williams, Glyn. The Prize of All the Oceans: The Dramatic Story of Commodore Anson’s Voyage Round the World and How He Seized the Spanish Treasure Galleon. New York: Viking, 1999.

Wokeck, Marianne Sophia. Trade in Strangers: The Beginnings of Mass Migration to North America. University Park: Pennsylvania State Univ. Press, 1999.

Woodward, David. The Russians at Sea: A History of the Russian Navy. New York: Praeger, 1966.

Zhuang Guotu, “The Impact of the International Tea Trade on the Social Economy of Northwest Fujian in the Eighteenth Century.” In On the Eighteenth Century as a Category of Asian History: Van Leur in Retrospect, ed. by Leonard Blussé and Femme Gaastra, 193–216. Aldershot: Ashgate, 1992.

 

Chapter 18: “Annihilation of Space and Time”

Abbott, John S. C. “Ocean Life.” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine 5:25 (1852): 61–66.

Albion, Robert G. “Planning the Black Ball Line, 1817.” Business History Review 41:1 (1967): 104–107.

Bacon, Edwin M. Manual of Ship Subsidies: An Historical Summary of the Systems of All Nations. Chicago: McClurg, 1911.

Barr, Pat. The Deer Cry Pavilion; A Story of Westerners in Japan 1868–1905. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1969.

Bernstein, Peter L. Wedding of the Waters: The Erie Canal and the Making of a Great Nation. New York: Norton, 2005.

Blackbourn, David. The Conquest of Nature: Water, Landscape, and the Making of Modern Germany. New York: Norton, 2006.

Bockstoce, John R. “From Davis Strait to Bering Strait: The Arrival of the Commercial Whaling Fleet in North America’s Western Arctic.” Arctic 37:4 (1984): 528–32.

Bonsor, N. R. P. North Atlantic Seaway. 5 vols. Jersey: Brookside, 1980.

Brett, Edwin. Notes on Yachts. London: Low, Son & Marston, 1869.

Brinnin, John Malcolm. The Sway of the Grand Saloon; A Social History of the North Atlantic.New York: Delacorte Press, 1971.

Brown, Alexander Crosby. Women and Children Last: The Loss of the Steamship Arctic. New York: Putnam, 1961.

Buchanan, J. Y., H. N. Mosley, J. Murray, T. H. Tizard. The Report of the Scientific Results of the Exploring Voyage of the H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Vol. 1, Narrative of the Voyage. London: 1885–95.

Butler, John A. Atlantic Kingdom: America’s Contest with Cunard in the Age of Sail and Steam. Dulles: Brassey’s, 2001.

———. Sailing on Friday: The Perilous Voyage of America’s Merchant Marine. Dulles: Brassey’s, 2000.

Carter, Hodding. Lower Mississippi. The Rivers of America. New York: Farrar & Rinehart, 1942.

Chapelle, Howard I. The Search for Speed under Sail, 1700–1855. New York: Norton, 1967.

Chaplin, Joyce E. The First Scientific American: Benjamin Franklin and the Pursuit of Genius. New York: Basic Books, 2006.

Charlwood, D. E. The Long Farewell: The Perilous Voyages of Settlers under Sail in the Great Migration to Australia. Victoria: Penguin, 1983.

Clarke, Arthur C. Voice across the Sea. New York: Harper, 1958.

Convention Respecting the Free Navigation of the Suez Maritime Canal. The American Journal of International Law, Supplement: Official Documents, 3:2: (1909): 123–27.

Cruise Baltic. Cruise Baltic Status Report. 2007.http://www.cruisebaltic.com/media(636,1033)/Cruise_Baltic_status_report_Jan_07.pdf.

Desloges, Yvon, and Alain Gelly. The Lachine Canal: Riding the Waves of Industrial and Urban Development, 1860–1950. Sillery: Septentrion, 2002.

Dickens, Charles. The Letters of Charles Dickens, ed. by Madeline House and Graham Storey. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1965.

Douglass, Frederick. The New National Era, Aug. 17, 1871.

Dugan, James. The Great Iron Ship. New York: Harper, 1953.

Fletcher, M. E. “From Coal to Oil in British Shipping.” Journal of Transport History 3 (1975): 1–19.

———. “The Suez Canal and World Shipping, 1869–1914.” Journal of Economic History 18:4 (1958): 556–73.

Flexner, James T. Steamboats Come True: American Inventors in Action. New York: Viking, 1964.

Fox, Grace Estelle. Britain and Japan, 1858–1883. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1969.

Franklin, Benjamin. The Writings of Benjamin Franklin: 1783–1788, ed. by Albert Henry Smyth. New York: Macmillan, 1906.

Frear, Hugo P. “History of Tankers.” New York Maritime Register (1886): 135–44.

Golovnin, V. M. Memoirs of a Captivity in Japan during the Years 1811, 1812, and 1813; with Observations on the Country and the People. 3 vols. London: Henry Colburn, 1824.

Graham, Gerald S. “Ascendancy of the Sailing Ship, 1850–1855.” Economic History Review.N.S. 9:1 (1956): 74–88.

Griffiths, Denis. Brunel’s “Great Western.” Wellingborough: Patrick Stephens, 1985.

Hale, Edward Everett. Letters on Irish Emigration. Boston: Phillips, Sampson, 1852.

Hilton, George W. “Eastland”: Legacy of the “Titanic”. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1995.

Howe, Octavius T., and Frederick C. Matthews. American Clipper Ships, 1833–1858. 2 vols. Salem: Marine Research Society, 1927.

Hsü, Immanuel C. Y. The Rise of Modern China. 4th ed. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1990.

Huler, Scott. Defining the Wind/Scott Huler. New York: Three Rivers, 2004.

Hunter, Louis C. Steamboats on the Western Rivers: An Economic and Technological History. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 1949.

“The International Geographical Congress of 1895.” Geographical Journal, 8 (1896): 290–94.

International Whale Commission, “Whale Sanctuaries.”http://iwcoffice.org/conservation/sanctuaries.htm.

Jones, Clement. Pioneer Shipowners. Liverpool: Journal of Commerce and Shipping Telegraph, 1935.

Jones, Nicolette. The Plimsoll Sensation: The Great Campaign to Save Lives at Sea. London: Abacus, 2007.

Kaukiainen, “Coal and Canvas: Aspects of the Competition between Steam and sail, c. 1870–1914.” In Yrjö Kaukiainen, Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen, compiled by Lars U. Scholl and Merja-Liisa Hinkkanen, 113–28. St. John’s: International Maritime Economic History Assoc., 2004.

Keay, John. The Honourable Company: A History of the English East India Company. London: HarperCollins, 1995.

Kemp, John. “The COLREGS and the Princess Alice.” Journal of Navigation 61 (2008): 271–81.

Lee, Ki-baek. A New History of Korea. Trans. Edward W. Wagner. Cambridge: Harvard-Yenching Institute, 1984.

MacLeod, Roy M. “Social Policy and the ‘Floating Population’: The Administration of the Canal Boats Acts 1877–1899.” Past and Present 35 (1966): 101–32.

Mak, James, and Gary M. Walton. “Steamboats and the Great Productivity Surge In River Transportation.” Journal of Economic History 32:3 (1972): 619–40.

Masterson, Daniel M., and Sayaka Funada. “The Japanese in Peru and Brazil: A Comparative Perspective.” In Mass Migration to Modern Latin America, ed. by Samuel L. Bailey and Eduardo José Míguez, 113–36. Wilmington: Scholarly Resources, 2003.

Maury, Matthew Fontaine. Steam-lanes across the Atlantic. Washington, D.C., 1872.

Maxtone-Graham, John. “Normandie”: France’s Legendary Art Deco Ocean Liner. New York: Norton, 2007.

———. The Only Way to Cross. New York: Macmillan, 1972.

McLean, Duncan. “The New Clipper Ship Stag Hound, of Boston,” Boston Atlas, Dec. 21, 1850.

Míguez, Eduardo José. “Introduction: Foreign Mass Migration to Latin America in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries.” In Mass Migration to Modern Latin America, ed. by Samuel L. Bailey and Eduardo José Míguez, xiii-xxv. Wilmington: Scholarly Resources, 2003.

Morison, Samuel Eliot. “Old Bruin,” Commodore Matthew C. Perry, 1794–1858. Boston: Little, Brown, 1967.

Moya, José C. “Spanish Emigration to Cuba and Argentina.” In Mass Migration to Modern Latin America, ed. by Samuel L. Bailey and Eduardo José Míguez, 9–28. Wilmington: Scholarly Resources, 2003.

Murphey, Rhoads. The Outsiders: The Western Experience in India and China. Univ. of Michigan Press, 1977.

National Maritime Museum learning team. “Ships, Seafarers and Life at Sea.”http://www.nmm.ac.uk/explore/sea-and-ships/facts/ships-and-seafarers/load-lines

Navin, Thomas R., and Marian V. Sears. “A Study in Merger: Formation of the International Mercantile Marine.” Business History Review 28:4 (1954): 291–328.

New Passenger Act, 12 and 13 Victoria (1849), c.33.

New South Wales, Legislative Council, Report from the Select Committee of the Legislative Council to Inquire into the Present System of German Immigration into this Colony, Sydney, Aug. 11, 1858.

O’Donnell, Ed. Ship Ablaze: The Tragedy of the Steamboat “General Slocum.” New York: Broadway, 2003.

Page, Thomas W. “The Transportation of Immigrants and Reception Arrangements in the Nineteenth Century.” Journal of Political Economy 19:9 (1911): 732–49.

Paine, Lincoln P. Down East: A Maritime History of Maine. Gardiner: Tilbury House, 2000.

———. Ships of the World: An Historical Encyclopedia. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1997.

Penrose, Charles. 1838 April Fourth 1938: A Century of Atlantic Steam Navigation. Princeton: Newcomen Society, 1938.

Richardson, Alexander. The Evolution of the Parsons Steam Turbine…. London: Offices ofEngineering, 1911.

Røksund, Arne. The Jeune Ecole: The Strategy of the Weak. Leiden: Brill, 2007.

Roland, Alex, W. Jeffrey Bolster, and Alexander Keyssar. The Way of the Ship: America’s Maritime History Reenvisioned, 1600–2000. New York: Wiley, 2008.

Ross, Lillian. “Where Are They Now? The Kaiser’s Yacht.” The New Yorker (June 22, 1946): 66–80.

Rubin, Julius, “An Innovating Public Improvement: The Erie Canal.” In Canals and American Economic Development, ed. by Carter Goodrich, 15–66. New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1961.

Sansom, George B. A History of Japan. 3 vols. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press, 1958–63.

Schonfield, Hugh J. The Suez Canal in Peace and War, 1869–1969. Coral Gables: Univ. of Miami Press, 1969.

Schultz, Charles R. Forty-niners ’Round the Horn. Columbia: Univ. of South Carolina Press, 1999.

Sheppard, Thomas. “The Sirius, the First Steamer to Cross the Atlantic.” Mariner’s Mirror 23 (1937): 84–94.

Smith, Crosbie, Ian Higginson and Phillip Wolstenholme. “Imitations of God’s Own Works”: Making Trustworthy the Ocean Steamship.” History of Science 41 (2003): 379–426.

Sutcliffe, Alice Crary. Robert Fulton and the “Clermont”. New York: Century, 1909.

Tsunoda, Ryusaku. Sources of Japanese Tradition. New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1964.

U.S. Senate. Report of the Select Committee of the Senate of the United States on the Sickness and Mortality on Board Emigrant Ships: August 2, 1854. Washington: 1854.

Viraphol, Sarasin. Tribute and Profit: Sino-Siainese Trade, 1652–1853. Cambridge: Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard Univ., 1977.

Watson, P. B. “Bulk Cargo Carriers.” In The Golden Age of Shipping: The Classic Merchant Ship, 1900–1960, edited by Robert Gardiner and Ambrose Greenway, 61–80. Annapolis: Naval Institute, 1994.

Whitman, Walt. Leaves of Grass. Philadelphia: David McKay, 1891.

Williams, David M. “The Extent of Transport Services’ Integration: SS Ceylon and the First ‘Round the World’ Cruise, 1881–1882.” International Journal of Maritime History. 14:2 (2003): 135–46.

Williams, Frances Leigh. Matthew Fontaine Maury: Scientist of the Sea. New Brunswick: Rutgers Univ. Press, 1963.

Yun, Lisa, and Ricardo René Laremont. “Chinese Coolies and African Slaves in Cuba, 1847–74.” Journal of Asian-American Studies 4:2 (2001): 99–122.

 

Chapter 19: Naval Power in Steam and Steel

Agawa, Hiroyuki. The Reluctant Admiral: Yamamoto and the Imperial Navy. New York: Kodansha, 1979.

Ambrose, Stephen E. D-Day, June 6, 1944: The Climactic Battle of World War II. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994.

American Merchant Marine at War. “Battle of the Atlantic Statistics.”http://www.usmm.org/battleatlantic.html.

Ameringer, Charles D. “The Panama Canal Lobby of Philippe Bunau-Varilla and William Nelson Cromwell.” American Historical Review 68:2 (1963): 346–63.

Angevine, Robert G. “The Rise and Fall of the Office of Naval Intelligence, 1882–1892: A Technological Perspective. Journal of Military History 62 (1998): 291–313.

Anglo-Japanese Alliance. January 30, 1902. http://www.jacar.go.jp/nichiro/uk-japan.htm

Baker, Ray Stannard. Woodrow Wilson and World Settlement, Written from his Unpublished and Personal Material. Vol. 3, Original Documents of the Peace Conference. Garden City: Doubleday, Page, 1922.

Beach, Edward L. The United States Navy: 200 Years. New York: Holt, 1986.

Briggs, M. “Innovation and the Mid-Victorian Royal Navy: The Case of the Whitehead Torpedo.” Mariner’s Mirror 88 (2002): 447–55.Top of Form

Brodie, Bernard. Sea Power in the Machine Age. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1941.

Brown, D. K. “Nemesis: The First Iron Warship.” Warship 2:8 (1978): 283–285.

———. “The Paddle Frigate Guadeloupe.” Mariner’s Mirror 58 (1972): 221–22.

Brown, David. Warship Losses of World War II, rev. ed. Annapolis: Naval Institute, 1990.

Cecil, Lamar J. R. “Coal for the Fleet that had to Die.” American Historical Review 69:4 (1964): 990–1005.

Churchill, Winston. The Second World War. 6 vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1948.

———. The World Crisis. 4 vols. New York: Scribner, 1923.

Compton-Hall, Richard. Submarine Boats: The Beginnings of Underwater Warfare. London: Conway Maritime, 1983.

Craig, Gordon A. Germany 1866–1945. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1978.

Dalzell, George W. Flight from the Flag: The: The Continuing Effect of the Civil War upon the American Carrying Trade. Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1940.

Davis, Lance Edwin, and Stanley L. Engerman. Naval Blockades in Peace and War: An Economic History since 1750. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2006.

Declaration Concerning the Laws of Naval War, 208 Consol. T.S. 338 (1909). Univ. of Minnesota, Human Rights Library Online. http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/instree/1909b.htm

Declaration of Paris; April 16, 1856.Esmer, “Straits,” 293.http://avalon.law.yale.edu/19th_century/decparis.asp

Evans, David C., and Mark R. Peattie. Kaigun: Strategy, Tactics, and Technology in the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1887–1941. Annapolis: Naval Institute, 1997.

Fryer, S. E., and David K. Brown. “Whitehead, Robert,” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, ed. by H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. 2nd ed. 58.670–71. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 2004.

Gibson, Andrew, and Arthur Donovan. The Abandoned Ocean: A History of United States Maritime Policy. Columbia: Univ. of South Carolina Press, 2000.

Gordan, John D., III. “The Trial of the Officers and Crew of the Schooner Savannah.”Supreme Court Historical Society 1983 Yearbook. http://www.supremecourthistory.org

Hagan, Kenneth J. This People’s Navy: The Making of American Sea Power. New York: Free Press, 1991.

Halpern, Paul G. A Naval History of World War I. Annapolis: Naval Institute, 1994.

Hastings, Max. The Korean War. London: Pan Books, 1988.

Heinzig, Dieter. The Soviet Union and Communist China, 1945–1950: The Arduous road to the Alliance. M. E. Sharpe, 2003.

Hepper, David J. British Warship Losses in the Age of Sail, 1650–1859. Rotherfield: Jean Boudriot, 1994.

Hsü, Immanuel C. Y. The Rise of Modern China. 4th ed. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1990.

International Military Tribunal. Trial of the Major War Criminals before the International Military Tribunal, Nuremberg. Vol. 17, Proceedings 25 June 1946 -8 July 1946. Nuremberg: n.p., 1948.

Kelly, Patrick J. Tirpitz and the Imperial German Navy. Bloomington: Indian Univ. Press, 2011.

Kennedy, Paul M. “The Development of German Naval Operations Plans against England, 1896–1914.” In The War Plans of the Great Powers, 1880–1914, ed. by Paul M. Kennedy, 171–98. London: Unwin Hyman, 1979.

Lambert, Andrew. Battleships in Transition: The Creation of the Steam Battlefleet 1815–1860. London: Conway Maritime, 1984.

———. The Crimean War: British Grand Strategy against Russia, 1853–56. Manchester: Manchester Univ. Press, 1990.

———. Warrior: Restoring the World’s First Ironclad. London: Conway Maritime, 1987.

Lane, Frederic C. Ships for Victory; A History of Shipbuilding Under the United States Maritime Commission in World War II. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1951.

Leighton, Richard M., and Robert W. Coakley. Global Logistics and Strategy. 2 vols. 1955. Reprint, Washington: Center of Military History, 1995.

Lowe, William C. “Confederate Naval Strategy: Letters of Marque.”http://ehistory.osu.edu/uscw/features/articles/0005/privateers.cfm

Maber, John M. “Nordenfelt Submarines.” Warship 8 (1984): 218–25.

Mahan, Alfred Thayer. The Influence of Sea Power upon History 1600–1783. 5th ed. 1894. Reprint, New York: Dover, 1987.

———. “The United States Looking Outward.” Atlantic Monthly 66 (Dec. 1809): 816–24.http://www.theatlantic.com/doc/189012/mahan-outward

Major, John. “The Navy Plans for War.” In In Peace and War: Interpretations of American Naval History, 1775–1984, ed. by Kenneth J. Hagan, 2nd ed., 237–62. Westport: Greenwood, 1984.

Miller, Edward S. War Plan Orange: The U.S. Strategy to Defeat Japan, 1897–1945. Annapolis: Naval Institute, 2007.

Miller, Nathan. War at Sea: A Naval History of World War II. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Morison, Samuel Eliot. The Two-Ocean War: A Short History of the United States Navy in the Second World War. Boston: Little, Brown, 1963.

Murfett, Malcolm. Naval Warfare, 1919–1945: An Operational history of the Volatile War at Sea. London: Routledge, 2009.

Paine, S. C. M. The Sino-Japanese War of 1894–1895: Perceptions, Power, and Primacy. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2003.

Protocol of Proceedings of Crimea Conference, Agreement Regarding Japan, February 1945. Avalon Project, Yale Law School. http://avalon.law.yale.edu/wwii/yalta.asp

Rickover, Hyman George. How the Battleship Maine Was Destroyed. Washington: Naval History Division, Dept. of the Navy, 1976.

Røksund, Arne. The Jeune Ecole: The Strategy of the Weak. Leiden: Brill, 2007.

Roland, Alex, W. Jeffrey Bolster, and Alexander Keyssar. The Way of the Ship: America’s Maritime History Reenvisioned, 1600–2000. New York: Wiley, 2008.

Roosevelt, Theodore. The Works of Theodore Roosevelt. New York: Scribner’s, 1923.

Skulski, Janusz. The Battleship “Yamato”. Annapolis: Naval Institute, 1989.

Smith, Holland M., and Percy Finch. Coral and Brass. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1949.

Smith, Joshua M. Voyages: Documents in American Maritime History. 2 vols. Gainesville: Univ. Press of Florida, 2009.

Sondhaus, Lawrence. Naval Warfare, 1815–1914. London: Routledge, 2001.

Spector, Ronald H. Eagle against the Sun: The American War with Japan. New York: Free Press, 1985.

———. “The Triumph of Professional Ideology: The U.S. Navy in the 1890s.” In In Peace and War: Interpretations of American Naval History, 1775–1984, ed. by Kenneth J. Hagan, 174–85. Westport: Greenwood, 1984.

Still, William N. Iron Afloat: The Story of the Confederate Ironclads. Columbia: Univ. of South Carolina Press, 1988.

Surdam, David G. Northern Naval Superiority and the Economics of the American Civil War. Columbia: Univ. of South Carolina Press, 2001.

Symonds, Craig L. Lincoln and His Admirals: Abraham Lincoln, the U.S. Navy and the Civil War. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 2008.

Terraine, John. Business in Great Waters: The U-Boat Wars 1916–1945. London: Leo Cooper, 1989.

Treaty for the Limitation and Reduction of Naval Armament, 1930. U.S. Treaty Series, No. 830. pt. 4, art. 22.

U.S. War Dept. United States Strategic Bombing Survey Summary Report (Pacific War). Washington: 1946.

U.S. War Dept. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Washington: 1880.

Warner, Denis Ashton, and Peggy Warner. The Tide at Sunrise: A History of the Russo-Japanese War, 1904–1905. New York: Charterhouse, 1974.

Wilson, Woodrow. “President Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points, 8 January, 1918.” Avalon Project, Yale Law School. http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/wilson14.asp

Wise, Stephen R. Lifeline of the Confederacy: Blockade Running During the Civil War. Columbia: Univ. of South Carolina Press, 1988.

Yoshida, Mitsuru. Requiem for Battleship Yamato, trans. Richard H. Minear. Seattle: Univ. of Washington Press, 1985.

 

Chapter 20: The Maritime World since the 1950s

Beach, Edward L. Around the World Submerged. New York: Holt, 1962.

Broeze, Frank. The Globalisation of the Oceans: Containerisation from the 1950s to the Present. St. John’s: International Maritime Economic History Assoc., 2002.

Browning, Robert. “The City and the Sea.” In The Greeks and the Sea, ed. Speros Vryonis, 97–110. New Rochelle: Caratzas, 1993.

Carlisle, Rodney. Sovereignty for Sale: The Origins and Evolution of the Panamanian and Liberian Flags of Convenience. Annapolis: Naval Institute, 1981.

Chelminski, Rudolph. Superwreck: “Amoco Cadiz”—The Shipwreck That Had to Happen. New York: William Morrow, 1987.

Cowan, Edward. Oil and Water: The “Torrey Canyon” Disaster. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1968.

Dimitrova, Desislava Nikolaeva. Seafarers’ Rights in the Globalized Maritime Industry. Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer Law International, 2010.

Donnellan, Philip. The Shoals of Herring. Adapted by Philip Donnellan from the radio ballad “Singing the Fishing,” by Ewan McColl, Peggy Seeger, and Charles Parker. Birmingham: BBC Colour, 1972.

FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture, 2010. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN, 2010.

Gibson, Andrew, and Arthur Donovan. The Abandoned Ocean: A History of United States Maritime Policy. Columbia: Univ. of South Carolina Press, 2000.

Greenway, Ambrose. “Cargo Ships.” In The Golden Age of Shipping: The Classic Merchant Ship, 1900–1960, edited by Robert Gardiner and Ambrose Greenway, 38–50. Annapolis: Naval Institute, 1994.

Grescoe, Taras. Bottomfeeder: How to Eat Ethically in a World of Vanishing Seafood. New York: Bloomsbury, 2008.

Hansen, Stig Jarle. Piracy in the Greater Gulf of Aden: Myths, Misconceptions and Remedies. Oslo: Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research, 2009.

Hattendorf, John B., ed. The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History. 4 vols. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 2007.

Havighurst, Walter. The Long Ships Passing: The Story of the Great Lakes. Reprint, Minneapolis: University of Wisconsin Press, 2002.

International Maritime Organization. International Shipping and World Trade: Facts and Figures. London: IMO Maritime Knowledge Centre, 2009.

International Maritime Organization. “List of IMO Conventions.”http://www.imo.org/About/Conventions/ListOfConventions/Pages/Default.aspx

International Maritime Organization. SOLAS 1974: Brief History—List of Amendments to Date and Where to Find Them. http://www.imo.org/KnowledgeCentre/ReferencesAndArchives/HistoryofSOLAS

Kalland, Arne. Fishing Villages in Tokugawa Japan. Honolulu: Univ. of Hawai’i Press, 1995.

Levinson, Marc. The Box: How the Shipping Container Made the World Smaller and the World Economy Bigger. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006.

Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development. LOOP Program.http://www.dotd.louisiana.gov/programs_grants/loop/

Mullen, Michael. “Remarks as delivered for the 17th International Seapower Symposium, Naval War College, Newport, RI, September 21, 2005.” http://www.navy.mil/navydata/cno/mullen/speeches/mullen050921.txt

National Research Council. Crew Size and Maritime Safety. Washington: National Academy Press, 1990. http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=1620&page=R1.

Paine, Lincoln P. Down East: A Maritime History of Maine. Gardiner: Tilbury House, 2000.

Petrow, Richard. In the Wake of “Torrey Canyon”. New York: David McKay, 1968.

Ratcliff, Ronald E. “Building Partners’ Capacity: The Thousand-Ship Navy.” Naval War College Review 60:4 (2007): 45–58.

Round Table of International Shipping Associations.http://www.marisec.org/shippingfacts/worldtrade/world-seafarers.php.

Scott, Walter. The Antiquary. 3 vols. London: 1816.

Smith, Hance. “Fishing Vessels.” In The Shipping Revolution: The Modern Merchant Ship, edited by Robert Gardiner and Alastair Couper, 167–76. London: Conway Maritime , 1992.

Stopford, Martin. Maritime Economics. 2nd ed. New York: Routledge, 2003. p. 460

U.S. Navy, U.S. Coast Guard, and U.S. Marine Corps. “A Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower.” http://www.navy.mil/maritime/Maritimestrategy.pdf

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. Review of Maritime Transport, 2009. New York: United Nations, 2009. http://www.unctad.org/en/docs/rmt2009_en.pdf

United Nations. “Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 Relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks.” http://www.un.org/depts/los/fish_stocks_conference/fish_stocks_conference.htm

United Nations. Law of the Sea, Part V, “Exclusive Economic Zone.” http://www.un.org/Depts/los/convention_agreements/texts/unclos/part5.htm

Weir, Gary E. “Fish, Family, and Profit: Piracy and the Horn of Africa.” Naval War College Review 62:3 (2009): 15–30.

Yenne, Bill. Guinness: The 250-Year Quest for the Perfect Pint. New York: Wiley, 2007.