The Sea and Civilization, Bibliography (Introduction–Chapter 5)

Introduction

Ascherson, Neal. Black Sea. New York: Hill & Wang, 1995.

Ballard, G. A. Rulers of the Indian Ocean. London: Duckworth, 1927.

Braudel, Fernand. The Mediterranean in the Age of Philip II. 1949. Trans. Siân Reynolds. 2 vols. New York: Harper & Row, 1973.

Butel, Paul. The Atlantic. Translated by Iain Hamilton Grant. London: Routledge, 1999.

Calder, Nigel. The English Channel. New York: Viking Press, 1986.

Chaudhuri, K.N. Trade and Civilization in the Indian Ocean: An Economic History from the Rise of Islam to 1750. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Cotter, Charles H. The Atlantic Ocean. Glasgow: Brown & Ferguson, 1974.

Hadi Hasan, A. A History of Persian Navigation. London: Methuen, 1928.

Hall, Richard. Empires of the Monsoon: A History of the Indian Ocean and Its Invaders. London: HarperCollins, 1996.

Harding, Richard. “Organizational Life Cycles, the SNR and Maritime History.” Mariner’s Mirror 97:2 (2011): 5–20.

Hattendorf, John B. Maritime History, vol. 2, The Eighteenth Century and the Classic Age of Sail.

Horden, Peregrine, and Nicholas Purcell, The Corrupting Sea: A Study of Mediterranean History. London: Blackwell, 2000.

Hourani, Arab Seafaring in the Indian Ocean in Ancient and Early Medieval Times. 1951.

Jay, Peter. The Greek Anthology and Other Ancient Epigrams. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1981.

Jordan, Paul. North Sea Saga. New York: Pearson-Longman, 2004.

Kearney, Milo. The Indian Ocean in World History. London: Routledge, 2003.

King, Charles. The Black Sea: A History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Kirby, David, and Merja-Liisa Hinkkanen. The Baltic and North Seas. London: Routledge, 2000.

Klinge, Matti. The Baltic World. Trans. Timothy Binham. Helsinki: Otava, 1995.

Koran

Manning, Patrick. Navigating World History (Historians Create a Global Past). New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.

Matvejevic, Predrag. Mediterranean: A Cultural Landscape. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.

McDougall, Walter A. Let the Sea Make a Noise: A History of the North Pacific from Magellan to MacArthur. New York: Basic Books, 1993.

McPherson, Kenneth. The Indian Ocean: A History of People and the Sea. Delhi: Oxford Univ. Press, 1993.

Mookerji, Radhakumud. Indian Shipping: A History of the Sea-Borne Trade and Maritime Activity of the Indian from the Earliest Times. London: Longmans, Green, 1912.

Needham, Joseph, with Wang Ling and Lu Gwei-djen. Science and Civilization in China. Vol. 4, Physics and Physical Technology, Pt. 3, Civil Engineering and Nautics. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1971.

Palmer, Alan. The Baltic: A New History of the Region and Its People. New York: Overlook, 2005.

Panikkar, K. M. India and the Indian Ocean: An Essay on the Influence of Sea Power on Indian History. 1945.

Pearson, Michael N. The Indian Ocean. London: Routledge, 2003.

Pryor, John H. Geography, Technology and War: Studies in the Maritime History of the Mediterranean, 649–1571. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1988.

Ray, Himanshu Prabha. Archaeology of Seafaring: The Indian Ocean in the Ancient Period. Delhi: Pragati Publications, 1999.

Roberts, J. M. History of the World. New York: Knopf, 1976.

Rodger, N. A. M. “Considerations on Writing a General Naval History.” In Doing Naval History: Essays Toward Improvement, ed. by John B. Hattendorf, 117–28. Newport: Naval War College Press, 1995.

Toussaint, Auguste. History of the Indian Ocean. London: Routledge, 1966.

Villiers, Alan. The Monsoon Seas: The Story of the Indian Ocean. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1952.

 

Chapter 1: Taking to the Water

Adney, Tappan, and Howard Chapelle. The Bark Canoes and Skin Boats of North America. Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1964.

Allaire, Louis. “Archaeology of the Caribbean Region,” in The Cambridge History of the Native Peoples of America, vol.3, South America, pt. 1, edited by Frank Salomon and Stuart B. Schwartz, 668–733. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Ames, Kenneth M. “Going by Boat: The Forager-Collector Continuum at Sea.” In Beyond Foraging and Collecting: Evolution and Change in Hunter-Gatherer Settlement Systems, edited by Ben Fitzhugh and Junko Habu, 19–52. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum, 2002.

Anawalt, Patricia Reiff. “Ancient Cultural Contacts between Ecuador, West Mexico and the American Southwest: Clothing Similarities.” Latin American Antiquity 3:2 (June 1992): 114–29.

Arnold, Jeanne E., and Julienne Bernard. “Negotiating the Coasts: Status and the Evolution of Boat Technology in California.” World Archaeology 37:1 (March 2005): 109–31.

Bougainville, Louis-Antoine de. The Pacific Journal of Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, 1767–1768, edited by John Dunmore. London: Hakluyt Society, 2002.

Buck, Peter (Te Rangi Hiroa). The Coming of the Maori. Wellington, N.Z.: Whitcombe & Tombs, 1950.

Callaghan, Richard T. “Prehistoric Trade between Ecuador and West Mexico: A Computer Simulation of Coastal Voyages.” Antiquity 77:298 (2003): 796–804.

Carvajal, Gaspar de. The Discovery of the Amazon according to the Account of Friar Gaspar de Carvajal and Other Documents. Introduction by José Toribio Medina; translated by Bertram T. Lee; edited by H. C. Heaton. New York: American Geographical Society, 1934.

Chapelle, Howard, “Arctic Skin Boats.” In The Bark Canoes and Skin Boats of North America, by Tappan Adney and Howard Chapelle, 174–211. Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1964.

Chapman, Anne C. “Port of Trade Enclaves in Aztec and Maya Civilization” In Trade and Market in the Early Empires: Economies in History and Theory, ed. by Karl Polanyi et al., 114–53. Glencoe: Free Press, 1957.

Coe, Michael D. “Archaeological Linkages with North and South America at La Victoria, Guatemala.” American Anthropologist n.s. 62 (1960): 363–93.

Colon, Fernando. The Life of the Admiral Christopher Columbus by his Son Ferdinand.Translated by Benjamin Keen. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1959.

Cook, James. The Journals of Captain James Cook on His Voyages of Discovery. Edited by J. C. Beaglehole. 4 vols. Cambridge: Hakluyt Society, 1955–74.

Davenport, Demorest, John R. Johnson, and Jan Timbrook. “The Chumash and the Swordfish.” Antiquity 67 (1993): 257–72.

Defoe, Daniel. Robinson Crusoe. 1719.

DeVoto, Bernard, ed. The Journals of Lewis and Clark. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1997.

Edwards, Clinton R. Aboriginal Watercraft on the Pacific Coast of South America. Ibero-Americana: 47. Berkeley, University of California Press, 1965.

Ellmers, Detlev. “The Beginning of Boatbuilding in Central Europe.” In The Earliest Ships: The Evolution of Boats into Ships, ed. by Robert Gardiner, 11–23. London: Conway Maritime, 1996.

Epstein, Jeremiah F. “Sails in Aboriginal Mesoamerica: Reevaluating Thompson’s Argument.” American Anthropologist 92:1 (1990): 187–92.

Ferreiro, Larrie D. Ships and Science: The Birth of Naval Architecture in the Scientific Revolution, 1600–1800. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2007.

Fisher, Robin. “The Northwest from the Beginning of Trade with the Europeans to the 1880s.” In The Cambridge History of the Native Peoples of the Americas. Vol. 1, North America, ed. by Bruce G. Trigger and Wilcomb E. Washburn, 117–82. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1996.

Fladmark, Knut. “Routes: Alternate Migration Corridors for Early Man in North America.”American Antiquity 44:1 (1979): 55–69.

Genz, Joseph H. “Oceania: Polynesian and Micronesian Navigation.” In The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History, edited by John Hattendorf, 3:144–54. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Haddon, Alfred C., and James Hornell. Canoes of Oceania. 2 vols. 1936–38. Reprint, Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press, 1975.

Hornell, James. Water Transport Origins and Early Revolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1946.

Horridge, Adrian. “The Story of Pacific Canoes and Their Rigs.” In From Buckfast to Borneo: Essays Presented to Father Robert Nicholl on the 85th Anniversary of his Birth, 27 March 1995, edited by Victor T. King and A.V.M. Horton, 541–58. Hull: Center for South-East Asian Studies, University of Hull, 1995.

Hudson, Travis, Janice Timbrook, and Melissa Rempe. Tomol: Chumash Watercraft as Described in the Ethnographic Notes of John P. Harrington. Socorro, N.M.: Ballena Press, 1978.

Irwin, Geoffrey. The Prehistoric Exploration and Colonization of the Pacific. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Kirch, Patrick Vinton. On the Road of the Winds: An Archaeological History of the Pacific Islands before European Contact. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000.

Lewis, David. We, the Navigators: The Ancient Art of Landfinding in the Pacific. 2nd ed. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1994.

Mann, Charles C. 1491: New Revelations of the Americas before Columbus. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2005.

McGrail, Sean. Boats of the World from the Stone Age to Medieval Times. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

McPhee, John A. The Survival of the Bark Canoe. New York: Farrar, Straus, Giroux, 1975.

Moseley, Michael E. “The Maritime Foundations of Andean Civilization: An Evolving Hypothesis.” http://www.hallofmaat.com/modules.php?name=Articles&file=article&sid=85

Moseley, Michael Edward. The Incas and Their Ancestors: The Archaeology of Peru. London: Thames and Hudson, 1992.

Paulsen, Allison C. “The Thorny Oyster and the Voice of God: Spondylus and Strombus in Andean Prehistory.” American Antiquity 39:4 (1974): 597–607.

Quinn, David B., and Alison M. Quinn. The English New England Voyages, 1602–1608. London: Hakluyt Society, 1983.

Shimada, Izumi. “Evolution of Andean Diversity: Regional Formations (500 b.c.e.-c.e. 600). In The Cambridge History of the Native People of the Americas, vol. 3, South America, pt. 1, edited by Frank Salomon and Stuart B. Schwartz, 350–517. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Smith, Anita. “The Need for Lapita: Explaining Change in the Late Holocene Pacific Archaeological Record.” World Archaeology 26:3 (1993): 366–79.

Snow, Dean R. “The First Americans and the Differentiation of Hunter-Gatherer Culture.” In The Cambridge History of the Native Peoples of the New World, edited by B.G. Trigger and W. Washburn, chap. 4. Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Stanish, Charles. “The Origin of State Societies in South America.” Annual Review of Anthropology 30 (2001): 41–64.

Walker, Ranginui. Ka Whawhai Tonu Matou: Struggle Without End. Revised Auckland: Penguin Books, 2004.

Wheeler, Ryan J., et al. “Archaic Period Canoes from Newnans Lake, Florida.” American Antiquity 68:3 (2003): 533–51.

Zeidler, James A. “Maritime Exchange in the Early Formative Period of Coastal Ecuador: Geopolitical Origins, Uneven Development.” Research in Economic Anthropology 13 (1991): 247–68.

 

Chapter 2: The Rivers and Seas of Ancient Egypt

Breasted, James Henry. Ancient Records of Egypt: Historical Documents from the Earliest Times to the Persian Conquest. New York, Russell & Russell, 1962.

Carter, Robert. “Boat-Related Finds.” In Maritime Interactions in the Arabian Neolithic: Evidence from H3, As-Sabiyah, an Ubaid-related Site in Kuwait, ed. by Robert Carter and Harriet Crawford, 89–104. Leiden: Brill, 2010.

Casson, Lionel. The Ancient Mariners: Seafarers and Sea Fighters of the Mediterranean in Ancient Times. 2nd ed. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991.

Casson, Lionel. Everyday Life in Ancient Egypt. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 2001.

El-Sayed, Sayed Z. “Queen Hatshepsut’s Expedition to the Land of Punt: The First Oceanographic Cruise?” Quarterdeck 3:1 (Spring 1995). Available online.

Habachi, Labib. “Two Graffiti at Sehel from the Reign of Queen Hatshepsut.” Journal of Near Eastern Studies 16 (1957): 880–104.

Herodotus. The Histories. Trans. Aubrey de Sélincourt. New York: Penguin, 1996.

Horace. Ode 1.14.

Hornell, James. Water Transport: Origins and Early Evolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1946.

Hornung, Erik. History of Ancient Egypt: An Introduction. Trans. David Lorton. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press, 1999.

Hydrographer of the Navy. Ocean Passages for the World. 2nd ed. London: Hydrographic Department, Admiralty, 1950.

Ibn Battuta. The Travels of Ibn Battuta, a.d. 1325–1354. 5 vols. Trans. H.A.R. Gibb. London: Hakluyt, 1958–2000.

Jenkins, Nancy. The Boat beneath the Pyramid: King Cheops’ Royal Ship. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1980.

Johnstone, Paul. The Sea-craft of Prehistory. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1980.

Kuhrt, Amélie. The Ancient Near East. 2 vols. New York: Routledge, 1997.

Landström, Björn. Ships of the Pharaohs: 4,000 Years of Egyptian Shipbuilding. New York: Doubleday & Co., 1970.

Lipke, Paul. The Royal Ship of Cheops: A Retrospective Account of the Discovery, Restoration and Reconstruction. Based on Interviews with Hag Ahmed Youssef Moustafa. Oxford: B.A.R., 1984.

Meiggs, Russell. Trees and Timber in the Ancient Mediterranean World. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982.

Montet, Pierre. Everyday Life in Egypt in the Days of Ramesses the Great. Trans. A.R. Maxwell-Hyslop and Margaret S. Drower. 1958. Reprint, Westport: Greenwood, 1974.

O’Connor, David. “Boat Graves and Pyramid Origins: New Discoveries at Abydos.”Expedition 33 (1991) 3:5–17.

Pierce, Richard. “After 5,000 year voyage, world’s oldest built boats deliver: Archeologists’ first look confirms existence of earliest royal boats at Abydos.” Available online.

Plato. The Collected Dialogues of Plato. Ed. by Edith Hamilton and Huntington Cairns, 1225–1513. New York: Pantheon, 1961.

Pliny the Elder. Natural History. Trans. H. Rackham. 10 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1938–1963.

Pritchard, James B. The Ancient Near East. Vol. I, An Anthology of Text and Pictures. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1958.

Redford, Donald B. Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992.

Brant, Sebastian. Das Narranschiff (Ship of fools), 1494.

Severin, Timothy. The Sinbad Voyage. London: Hutchinson, 1982.

Simpson, William Kelly, ed. The Literature of Ancient Egypt: An Anthology of Stories, Instructions and Poetry. Trans. R.O. Faulkner, E.F. Wente, Jr., and W. K. Simpson. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1972.

Sophocles. Oedipus the King.

Theophrastus. Enquiry into Plants. Trans. Sir Arthur Hort. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1961.

Wachsmann, Shelley. Seagoing Ships & Seamanship in the Bronze Age Levant. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1998.

Warburton, David. Egypt and the Near East: Politics in the Bronze Age. Neuchatel-Paris: Recherches et Publications, 2001.

Ward, Cheryl A. “World’s Oldest Planked Boats: Abydos Hull Construction.” In Ship Archaeology of the Ancient and Medieval World, edited C. Beltrame, 19–23. Oxford: 2003.

Ward, Cheryl A. Sacred and Secular: Ancient Egyptian Ships and Boats. Boston: Archaeological Institute of America and Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing, 2000.

Wehausen, J.V., A. Mansour, and F. Stross. “The Colossi of Memnon and Egyptian Barges.”International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 17 (1988): 295–310.

Whitman, Walt. Leaves of Grass.

Wilkinson, Toby A.H. Early Dynastic Egypt. London: Routledge, 1999.

 

Chapter 3: Bronze Age Seafaring

Agius, Dionisius A. Classic Ships of Islam: From Mesopotamia to the Indian Ocean. Leiden: Brill, 2008.

Bass, George F. “Bronze Age Shipwreck at Ulu Burun (Kaş): 1984 Campaign.” American Journal of Archaeology 90 (1986): 269–96.

Bass, George F. Cape Gelidonya: a Bronze Age Shipwreck. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1967.

Bass, George F. “Return to Cape Gelidonya.” INA Newsletter 15 (1988): 2–5.

Breasted, James Henry. Ancient Records of Egypt: Historical Documents from the Earliest Times to the Persian Conquest. New York: Russell & Russell, 1962.

Carter, Robert. “Boat-Related Finds.” In Maritime Interactions in the Arabian Neolithic: Evidence from H3, As-Sabiyah, an Ubaid-related Site in Kuwait, ed. by Robert Carter and Harriet Crawford, 89–104. Leiden: Brill, 2010.

Casson, Lionel. Ships and Seamanship in the Ancient World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995.

Cleuziou, Serge, and Maurizio Tosi. “Black Boats of Magan: Some Thoughts on Bronze-Age Water Transport in Oman and Beyond from the Impressed Bitumen Slabs of Ra’s al-Junayz.” In South Asian Archaeology 1993 II, edited by A. Parpola and P. Koskikallio. Helsinki: AASF Ser. B 271: 745–61.

Dalley, Stephanie, trans. Myths from Mesopotamia: Creation, the Flood, Gilgamesh, and Others. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1989.

Deloche, Jean. “Geographical Considerations in the Localization of Ancient Sea-Ports of India” (1983). In Trade in Early India, edited by Ranabir Chakravarti. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Doumas, Christos. Wall-Paintings of Thera. Athens: Thera Foundation, 1992.

Ferry, David, trans. Gilgamesh: A New Rendering in English Verse. New York: Farrar, Strauss & Giroux, 1993.

Gadd, C.J. “The Dynasty of Agade and the Gutian Invasion.” In I.E.S. Edwards, et al., eds.Cambridge Ancient History. 3rd ed. Vol. 1, pt. 2, Early History of the Middle East. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1971.

Ghosh, A., ed. An Encyclopedia of Indian Archaeology. Vol. 2, A Gazetteer of Explored and Excavated Sites in India. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1990.

Herodotus. The Histories. Translated by Aubrey de Sélincourt. 1954. New ed., New York: Penguin, 1996.

Hornell, James. Water Transport Origins and Early Revolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1946.

Kramer, Samuel Noah, and John R. Maier. Myths of Enki, the Crafty God. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1989.

Kuhrt, Amélie. The Ancient Near East. 2 vols. New ed. New York: Routledge, 1997.

Leshnik, Lawrence S. “The Harappan ‘Port’ at Lothal: Another View.” In Ancient Cities of the Indus, edited by Gregory L. Possehl. Durham: Carolina Academic Press, 1979.

Liritzis, Veronica McGeehan. “Seafaring, Craft and Cultural Contact in the Aegean during the 3rd Millennium BC.” IJNA 17:3 ()1988): 237–56.Mott, Development of the Rudder, 6–7.

Oppenheim, A. Leo, trans. Letters from Mesopotamia: Official, Business, and Private Letters on Clay Tablets from Two Millennia. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1967.

Oppenheim, A. Leo. “The Seafaring Merchants of Ur.” In Ancient Cities of the Indus, edited by Gregory L. Possehl. Durham: Carolina Academic Press, 1979.

Paine, Lincoln P. Ships of the World: An Historical Encyclopedia. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1997.

Pliny the Elder. Natural History. Translated by H. Rackham. 10 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1938–1963.

Potts, D. T. Arabian Gulf in Antiquity. 2 vols. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Potts, D. T. Mesopotamian Civilization: The Material Foundations. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1997.

Potts, D. T. “Watercraft of the Lower Sea.” In Beiträge zur Kulturgeschichte Vorderasiens: Festschrift für Rainer Michael Boehmer, 559–71. Mainz: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 1995.

Redford, Donald B. Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992.

Sandars N. K. The Sea Peoples: Warriors of the Ancient Mediterranean, 1250–1150 B.C. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1985.

Sherratt, S., ed. The Wall Paintings of Thera: Proceedings of the First International Symposium. 2 vols. Athens: Thera Foundation, 2000.

Simpson, William Kelly, ed. The Literature of Ancient Egypt: An Anthology of Stories, Instructions and Poetry. Translated by R.O. Faulkner et al. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1972.

Throckmorton, Peter, ed. The Sea Remembers: Shipwrecks and Archaeology. New York: Smithmark, 1991.

Thucydides. The Peloponnesian War. Translated by Rex Warner. New York: Penguin, 1954.

U. S. Coast Guard. Navigation Rules International—Inland. Washington: U.S. Coast Guard, 2003.

Van de Mieroop, Marc. The Ancient Mesopotamian City. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999.

Vosmer, Tom. “Building the Reed-boat Prototype: Problems, Solutions, and Implications for the Organization and Structure of Third-Millennium Shipbuilding.” Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 31 (2001): 235–39

Vosmer, Tom. “The Magan Boat Project: A Process of Discovery, A Discovery of Process.”Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 33 (2003): 49–58.

Vosmer, Tom. “Ships in the Ancient Arabian Sea: The Development of a Hypothetical Reed Boat Model.” Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 30 (2000): 235–42.

Wachsmann, Shelley. Seagoing Ships & Seamanship in the Bronze Age Levant. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1998.

West, M. L. The East Face of Helicon: West Asiatic Elements in Greek Poetry and Myth. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997.

Wiener, M.H. “Isles of Crete? The Minoan Thalassocracy Revisited.” In Thera and the Aegean World. Vol. 1, Archaeology, ed. by D. A. Hardy, 128–61. London: Thera Foundation, 1990.

 

Chapter 4: Phoenicians, Greeks and the Mediterranean

Aeschylus. The Suppliant Maidens, The Persians, Seven Against Thebes, Prometheus Bound. Translated by Seth G. Bernadete and David Grene. 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.

Apollonios Rhodios. The Argonautika: The Story of Jason and the Quest for the Golden Fleece. Translated by Peter Green. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

Aristophanes. Lysistrata & Other Plays: The Acharnians, The Clouds, Lysistrata. Translated by Alan H. Sommerstein. Revd. ed. New York: Penguin, 2003.

Aristotle. Politics. In The Complete Works of Aristotle, edited by Jonathan Barnes. 2 vols. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984.

Arrian. Anabasis of Alexander; Indica. Trans. E. Iliff Robson. 2 vols. New York: Putnam’s, 1929–33.

Aubet, Maria Eugenia. The Phoenicians and the West: Politics, Colonies and Trade. Translated by Mary Turton. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Aulus Gellius. Attic Nights. Translated by John C. Rolfe. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1927.

Austin, M.M., and P. Vidal-Naquet. Economic and Social History of Ancient Greece: An Introduction. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977.

Avienus, Rufus Festus. Ora Maritima (Description of the Seacoast from Brittany to Marseilles). J.P. Murphy. Chicago: Ares Publishers, 1977.

Bittlestone, Robert, with James Diggle and John Underhill. Odysseus Unbound: The Search for Homer’s Ithaca. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2005.

Casson, Lionel. The Ancient Mariners: Seafarers and Sea Fighters of the Mediterranean in Ancient Times. 2nd ed. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1991.

Casson, Lionel. Ships and Seamanship in the Ancient World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995.

Cunliffe, Barry W. Facing the Ocean: The Atlantic and its People 8000 BC-AD 1500. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Demosthenes. Against Meidias…. Translated by J.H. Vince. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1935.

Evelyn-White, H.G., trans. Hesiod, the Homeric Hymns and Homerica. London: Heinemann, 1914.

Green, Peter. The Greco-Persian Wars. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996.

Herodotus. The Histories. Translated by Aubrey de Sélincourt. 1954. New ed., New York: Penguin, 1996.

Holy Bible (especially Ezekiel, Isaiah)

Homer. The Iliad. Translated by Robert Fagles. New York: Penguin, 1990.

Homer. The Odyssey. Translated by Robert Fagles. New York: Penguin, 1996.

Isserlin, B. S. J., et al. “The Canal of Xerxes: Investigations in 1993–94.” Annual of the British School at Athens 91 (Dec. 1996): 329–40. The Canal of Xerxes in Northern Greece: Explorations 1991–2001. Available online.

King, Charles. The Black Sea: A History. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 2004.

Lazenby, J.F. “Diekplous.Greece and Rome 2nd ser., 34:2 (1987): 169–77.

Lloyd, Alan B. “Necho and the Red Sea: Some Considerations.” Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 63 (1977): 142–55.

McGrail, Sean. Boats of the World from the Stone Age to Medieval Times. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 2001.

McGregor, Malcolm F. The Athenians and Their Empire. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1987.

Millett, Paul. “Maritime Loans and the Structure of Credit in Fourth-Century Athens.” InTrade in the Ancient Economy, edited by Peter Garnsey, Keith Hopkins, and C.R. Whittaker. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983.

Morrison, J.S., and J.F. Coates. The Athenian Trireme: The History and Reconstruction of an Ancient Greek Warship. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Murray, Oswyn. Early Greece. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1993.

Patai, Raphael. The Children of Noah: Jewish Seafaring in Ancient Times. Princeton: Princteon University Press, 1998.

Pausanias. Description of Greece. Translated by W.H.S. Jones. 5 vols. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1918–1971.

Plato. The Laws. Translated by A.E. Taylor. In The Collected Dialogues of Plato, edited by Edith Hamilton and Huntington Cairns. New York: Pantheon, 1961.

Plato. The Collected Dialogues of Plato. Ed. by Edith Hamilton and Huntington Cairns, 1225–1513. New York: Pantheon, 1961.

Pliny the Elder. Natural History. Translated by H. Rackham. 10 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1938–1963.

Plutarch. Plutarch’s Lives, Trans. P. Bernadotte. 11 vols. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 1967.

Polanyi, Karl. “Ports of Trade in Early Societies.” Journal of Economic History 23:1 (1963): 30–45.

Powell, Barry B. Homer. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2004.

Redmount, Carol. “The Wadi Tumilat and the Canal of the Pharaohs.” Journal of Near Eastern Studies 54 (1994): 127–35.

Reed, C. M. Maritime Traders in the Ancient Greek World. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2004.

Strabo. The Geography of Strabo, Trans. Horace Leonard Jones and J.R. Sitlington Sterrett. London: Heinemann, 1917–32.

Strauss, Barry. Battle of Salamis: The Naval Encounter That Saved Greece—and Western Civilization. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2004.

Tandy, David W. Warriors into Traders: The Power of the Market in Early Greece. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

Thucydides. The Peloponnesian War. Trans. Rex Warner. New York: Penguin, 1954.

Tsetskhladze, Gocha R. “Did the Greeks go to Cholcis for Metals?” Oxford Journal of Archaeology 14 (1995): 307–31.

Tsetskhladze, Gocha R. “Greek Penetration of the Black Sea.” In The Archaeology of Greek Colonisation: Essays Dedicated to John Boardman, edited by Gocha R. Tsteskhladze and F. de Angelis, 111–35. Oxford: Oxford University Community for Archaeology, 1994.

Tsetskhladze, Gocha R. “Trade on the Black Sea in the Archaic and Classical Periods.” InTrade, Traders and the Ancient City, edited by H. Parkins & C. Smith, 52–74. New York: Routledge, 1998.

Wachsmann, Shelley. Seagoing Ships & Seamanship in the Bronze Age Levant. College Station: Texas A&M Univ. Press, 1998.

Wallinga, H.T. “The Trireme and History.” Mnemosyne 43 (1990): 132–49.

Werner, Walter. “The Largest Ship Trackway in Ancient Times: The Diolkos of the Isthmus of Corinth, Greece, and Early Attempts to build a Canal.” International Journal of Nautical Archaeology26:2 (1997): 98–119.

Whitehead, Ian. “The Periplous.” Greece and Rome 34:2 (1987): 78–85.

Xenophon. A History of My Times. Translated by Rex Warner. New York: Penguin, 1979.

 

Chapter 5: Carthage, Rome and the Mediterranean

Appian. Roman History. Translated by Horace White. 4 vols. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1962.

Aristotle. On the Art of Poetry. In Classical Literary Criticism, translated by T.S. Dorsch and Penelope Murray. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1972.

Arrian. The Anabasis of Alexander and Indica. Translated by P.A. Brunt. 2 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1976–83.

Ashburner, Walter. The Rhodian Sea-Law. 1909. Reprint Aalen, Germany: Scientia Verlag, 1976.

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